Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales

Charles Boydell - journal, 1830-1835
A 2014

[This journal has been written from both ends of the book. The images are presented in a single sequence, from front to back of the journal. Pages 1 to 35 should be read in that order, but pages 36 to 108 should be read in reverse order for sense.]

[Page 1]

[Front cover of journal]

[Page 2]

Paddy Melon hunting
Kangaroo Chase description of dogs used
King Jackys Funeral
a Summer song
Monitor Halls calculation on tobacco
a great flood

Journal of Charles Boydell.
The Mitchell Library has recently received as a gift from Mr. Gilbert John Champain, of Camyr Allyn, East Gresford, a valuable manuscript journal of Mr. Charles Boydell, the first holder of Camyr Allyn.

Mr. Boydell, the founder in Australia of the well known family of that name, arrived in New South Wales by the ship Prince Regent in March 1826. In October of that year he received a grant of 640 acres at Paterson’s Plains. A few years later it was recorded in an itinerary of the colony that much tobacco was being cultivated on the Paterson and Allyn Rivers by a number of settlers, of whom Boydell was one.

The journal covers the period from March 1830 to October 1834. The first entry records that he has commenced settling on his own farm with an establishment consisting of one free man and wife, two free fencers and seven assigned servants. On New Year’s Day 1831, he indulges in a brief stocktaking of his position. – "Another year has gone by and left me for one, I fear, not much better in condition than it found me. With choice of all professions who but myself would have selected a settler’s life. Have bartered the comforts and luxuries of home for either going between the plough handles, heaving the hoe or some other delightful occupation. With about 5 acres of tobacco, 400 bushels of wheat, 6 acres of corn, 600 sheep, 70 or 80 cattle and 2 horses, I begin this year encumbered with difficulties not very trifling, yet full of hope, and confident of success."

In July he records a visit to Maitland, during which he went "to take a view of the steam packet, the first vessel of the sort that has paddled the waters of Australia". This was the Sophia Jane which reached Sydney from England in May 1831 and was immediately put into the Hunter River trade.

In July he wrote also. – "People all crazy about tobacco. Nothing less than 20 acres will satisfy the least sanguine. Monitor Hall has proved that 500 acres with each a crop of 1500 lbs. will not more than satisfy our population, which will give 750,000 lbs. Our population does not exceed 40,000. For the sake of argument we will allow 3/4ths of that number to use 10 lbs. per annum which will give 300,000 lbs, leaving the enormous quantity of 450,000 lbs. to be dried for medicinal purposes or whatnot. For my part I do not understand his calculation, but have not seen the form in which it is brought forward. I believe it is pretty plausible."

During the whole period covered by the journal Boydell’s tobacco throve, also his other crops and his stock. He tells of encounters with blacks who stole crops, of a battle between parties of blacks, and gives many details of social visits on neighbouring properties and in Sydney. An interesting entry of 1833 is an aboriginal vocabulary collected from King Jacky, and there is an account of the same King’s funeral. The journal also contains numerous accounts with valuable records of prices then current in the colony.

[Page 3]

[Some dates and figures noted on left-hand page, which is torn:]
March 1st 1830



March the first. Eighteen hundred & Thirty
I C Boydell having just entered upon my twenty second year & wishing to turn discreet regular and steady have commenced a journal thinking that nothing can be more conducive to improvement than retrospect –

Choosing three [granttes?] commenced settling on my own Farm with an establishment consisting of one Free man & wife, two free fencers & seven assigned servants.

M. 1st From the three last days rain the streams so swollen that there was no passing, however this morning found a tree that reached across & went in search of a Horse I had lost some time ago (found not). In the evening Budding as Townshend put in about 200 Tobacco plants.

2. Over to my Farm in Company with black fellows who were going to Wal Bury:
There were 3 Boys each of whom had a stick about 2 ft long to fling at the Paddy Melons as they passed them. 3 men had spears in Case of meeting with game, two or three go in the Brush hullooing with all their might to drive the poor animals [towards them] the others remain outside ready for them, they killed one poor Paddy Melon which they roasted immediately & devoured with great delight.

My Pl Beam [Plough beam – the frame of a plough] broke yesterday it was however all right again & turning over the ground beautifully. Burning off chiefly, ground very wet, rain at night

3d. Most exceedingly heavy rain, which lasted for a short time, cross Ploughing & splitting for remaining part of Stockyard –

4th. Nothing particular until

M 8th Started my dray off for Wallis Plains and went myself river just low enough to get over. Dined with Webber and slept at Captain Allman’s where I met Messrs Ogilvie & Cunningham.

9th having breakfasted started & in vain [looked] for the arrival of my dray much afraid [of] some [accident] Slept at Mr Woods met a Captn Ranklow [Captain James St John Ranclaud?]

[Page 4]

10th, My dray arrived at Wallis Plains, all night detained only by the heaviness of the roads which were very bad, I left & getting early to Webber, slept there the night

11th, I left after breakfast & coming opposite to Mr Cory’s found that to cross the river my mare must swim & thinking she would have plenty to do without my weight led her through with some difficulty (nothing is I think more foolish than venturing into water without being very certain of your horse I once did so & by the merest chance escaped. The rivers in this country rise exceedingly quick & are very rapid & in most parts the banks are precipitous) dined at Mr. C.s & got to Townshends late in the evening.

12th Got intelligence of the death of my Bull long in a bad state, Ploughing &c at my own Place.

13th Separated my sheep & gave them in charge to my own shepherd total, 467 ewes Also my Cattle & sent them over to my own farm. –

14 Sunday after Prayers & an early dinner Townshend & myself took a ride which I did not enjoy at all.

15th Washed 130 last year Lambs, & on coming back in found that one of my Govt men’s huts had been ransacked of all the eatables it contained immediately sent for muskets & blacks & Townshend heading a party came
I went with him with five blacks & after searching some time got on the track of three men which these astonishing blacks followed with the greatest ease, over tremendous hills until darkness rendered it impossible
I do not think a fox hunt could have given me greater interest. Just as night came on the Sky clouded over it began to rain & shewed great signs of an approaching wet night. We got to an old Sheep station where there was what once had been called a hut. Under this we all together pigged & were really not very uncomfortable but very hungry;
16 at day break we again pursued & took direction to Mr John McIntyre’s Sheep station about two miles distant having come in sight of the hut Townshend took one party & I another in order to attack the hut at two points & render retreat less practicable
I got to the place first & rushing to the door called whose men are you to some poor harmless Shepherds who were quietly eating their breakfasts. when their surprise had subsided they managed to tell me – this is a remarkably pretty place & I shd think well adapted for a sheep run. a Limestone Country hills not too high – water holes at present full & grass most luxuriant, We now took our course as Sawney said just back again & having gone over about four miles came to Parks Settlement which he is just forming – here we refreshed ourselves with a cup of tea & some bread which was most grateful
I now parted with my companion All our toil for nothing he to his & I to my farm, where we both found all things proper; had my goods & chattels carried to Camyrallyn

17th, Had the good fortune to find twenty six Lambs all well which had escaped from us at washing where you have the power always station a man to look after the Sheep which come out of the Shepherds washers hands, as they are very apt to go away in small parties & thereby occasion much trouble Poor Park here with a terrible misfortune, he had been imprudent enough to turn out four young Bullocks with yokes & chains & they had got fast & were all found dead –
It is far better to risk losing Bullocks & turn them out so I sent my dray off with thirty seven Bushels of maize to the Barracks at Wallis Plains, & & ten shillings in payment for shoes &c at 8/- each –

[Note in the left-hand margin of the right-hand page:] Don. Champain. 14.9.38

[Page 5]

March. 18. at day Break left Townshends for good & came to reside upon my own farm Commenced Sheep Shearing but the day turned out badly – 58 done. it is a bad thing if you can avoid to shear the Sheep under three days after washing that delay will give time to the yoke to rise which renders the clipping easier & wool has a far better appearance & weight –

19th, Shearing until dinner time when rain prevented putting roof on Stable, or rather shed, - the which in my opinion no farm shd. be without for in a pinch it would serve for Calf pen. Sheep house or anything & you are always in want of something of the sort, Ploughing going well, Townshend paid me a visit. & sneered. good naturedly tho at everything.

20 Finished Sheep Shearing, Ploughing myself for half a day & mightily tried thereby, had my Stable partly thatched, took out a young horse which a Currency thought he could ride. However before on he was sent sprawling & the Stableman cut as many capers as a Welsh Caper, however all turned out well My dray returned from the Banks bringing me news that the 10 wethers I had sent down had escaped & were totally lost, Hurra for farming

21st Sunday Over at Townshends for the day Met J Webber.

22 Still at Townshends washing wool, Corn. & Pulling do [indecipherable]. Went down to Wallis Plains: + [Cross] Ploughing

23rd + [Cross] Ploughing & Clearing Land –

24th Over at Trevallyn with Colt and drays reced from John Webber 50 Bs Maize, & 13 from Townshend loaded drays & backed my Colt very quiet

25 Started the drays at daybreak went off in fine style & 11 Sheep. 10 for [indecipherable] & 1 for Mr Woods,

26th Got a fall from Colt went up over mts to John Ws in search of Cattle which I could not find: a most remarkable circumstance was explained the day. Some time ago J. W. lost a working Bullock of which he could get no tidings until some time after a Black told him that a W man up the river had shot the Beast which was paticular having only one horn, but said the hide & head were thrown into the river the intestines buried & the Bones burnt, the perpetrators no doubt imagined they were safe having taken such precautions but Murder will out, & the floods coming strange to say brought the identical head with one horn, & a bullet mark in the forehead to the very place where Ws men are in the habit of getting water. This with the foregoing testimony of the blacks will I trust be sufficient to bring the actors in the piece to justice & proper punishment; Men at home stumping where I intend placing my garden – violently hot.

27th Promised to be equally hot with yesterday, at dawn of day mounted upon a grey mare took course to go in search of Colt which had strayed however he was at home before me, (Stumping) in the Evening it began to rain most violently, Bled a horse, Went fishing & caught 8 fine fish had part cooked for my Supper & they were excellent, Tis truly surprising Settlers do not oftener get fish they take bait most greedily, & afford a variety to our generaly monotonous fare; We have in our rivers, Perch Mullet herrings & Eels, Mullet dont take bait & Perch are by far the most voracious, they seem to be in no wise particular as to then they feed, for in sunshine or cloudy weather you may catch them

28. Sunday: regular Blow up with Mrs Fraher who told me plumply She would do nothing usual with ladies of her class. She had never been used to such things the Barefooted [harridan?]. dined with Townshend and told my grievances. Slept there. Recd a letter from home dated Septr. 28th 1829.

[Page 6]

March. 29. Before I left Townshends the woman before mentioned came up to me to & say that och Faith her husband had not come home the night before & she feared he was lost and sure to be out in such a night would be his death. I went in search round the Bush to my Farm but unsuccessful mounted a fresh horse & went through mountains to Mr Webbers & going along [indecipherable] enough happened to look up towards a mountain & looking over the brink of a precipice were the very Cattle I had long been looking for, joyfully singing Oh and Ive got you to the tune of "Oh if I had her", Mustered and they led me a pretty Chace till I got them to Ws yard where I got a good lunch & he in company with me came to my place where we arrived just as darkness was setting & Mr Fraher was home before us:

30. W & I went to LewinsBrook – Mr Parks Estate on which as yet there is little done the Settlement being in Swaddling clothes, met him & Mr Forsythe as we were coming along agreed upon their all dining at Camyrallyn. We went round & lunched at Townshends. In the evening Townshend and Adair joined us: rain

31. raining I dined at Townshends & stuffed his Saddle.

April 1st. Mr Pearce came over for Strawberries &c [indecipherable] hot, Ploughing going on pretty well

2 Ditching Potatoes buying tobacco, &c ploughing. rain but hot at intervals killed a Bullock & a sore job we had nobody understanding any thing about it Park came & staid the night.

3 Raining Townshend came over & I returned with him,

[The first three days’ entries on the right-hand page of this image run into each other as indicated by dates. See original for details.]

April 4th Sunday. Dined at Townshends, met Miss James & Sam Adair J P Webber & Park upon the subject of Wharf &c at Mr Wards of which we have just received a favourable answer. nothing transpired. Figs in abundance After eating which a curious Burning took place on the lips occasioned I dare say by some insect, Violent rain,
5th which continued during the night the morning was fair I had the tail taken off a Colt which was done remarkably well by Ts. overseer, no burning or anything but merely tied up with a little tow Between the hair, Rain commenced in the evening which continued nearly without cessation the night
6 & the whole of the day Nothing done Ditch full of water Streams running in all directions.

7. Very fine Sun out & every thing going on well had about 2 acres it being too wet to Plough Piled up ready for Burning. Lambing going on well, (the Rams have been in my Flock about 2 weeks in order to have a Septr. Lambing which is decidedly the Best time, were it not for the Shearing Fraher returned from Wallis Plains after having been absent 3 days about his ticket.

8. A Fine day took a ride over to Ts & pattered dinner & a few figs; Men Ploughing towards Evening became cloudy

9. Good Friday & Plenty of rain Town. & Park spent the evening with me and went home in heavy rain.

10th Exceedingly heavy rain for the day, Walked over to Ts & staid the night

11th Sunday, Home to breakfast, found that the Cattle had passed the river in the night since which it had become unpassable to any but a good swimmer, and out of thirteen men two myself excepted could only swim I swam over & with much difficulty & risk made the cattle do so; Rivers are uncertain & rapid here

[Page 7]

April 16: Tremendous rain for the last 3 days rather Fairer. Townshend went down to attend the assizes at Wallis Plains, & returned on the 23d, detained by them & almost impossible to move or do anything no ploughing, & all in fear of bad Seed time –

24th Weather seems to have changed from rain to a bitter cold wind which seems to say winter’s at hand. Over to hear all the news, good Budget

25th, Preparing Verandas for house & determined now to fill up my french windows & make it a little habitable for truly were it not for the honor of the thing one might with almost equal comfort be in the open air.

26th. In great fidgets, Cold in the head, many miserable so determined to take a course & see the world.
Mounted on a steed with Guide before me took course to Townshends where squatted for the night

27th, After a severe chace after Parks mare started for Adairs where I arrived about one hour afterwards They were just at Breakfast, & could not resist a second one with them, over Mt. Johnston & so on with scarcely meeting a soul to Wallis Plains river where as luck would have it boat was ready & getting in swam my horse after it.
The fellow before he allowed me to look at him said I must come to the mark. however he became more civil & left it to me, A Poor fellow wished to get over but was not allowed without payment of a Tanner (hungry I suppose) which the poor chap not being able to raise was sent back.
lunched with Mrs Wood & proceeded to Capn Allmans, where I arrived about one hour before Sundown & took up my quarters for the night. Mr Allman was unwell & therefore did not see him.

April, 28th. – After breakfast started with Ellen Ogilvie before me for Mr Bloomfields where Mr & Mrs Ogilvie were staying. I however met them on the way & returned to Mr Close’s where meeting Mr Wilkinson passed a most agreable evening. Mr C. is one of the lowest Settlers and his farm has local advantages equal to any The House is spacious & the garden well stocked with healthy orange trees, gives an idea how splendidly that tree would flourish in the Hunter; A store is held close by in the hulk of a vessel shingled over & called the St Michael The first store opened on an extensive scale –

29th, Left after Breakfast, with Ogilvie at Maitland saw the preparations for the execution of seven unfortunate wretches found guilty at the late assizes, a large drop was being erected in the forest just opposite the new Inn (Muirs) Met [indecipherable] Bloomfield as spruce as you please & [called on] Allman, called at As & Bs, & saw their good Ladies, then proceeded to Corinda in O's Borrowed gig, leading my horse behind. Met his honor the judge and the Sheriff, who after many most kind inquiries after Mr Os very good lady & as to how he himself felt affected pursued their way as did we until we came to Mrs Hunts. alias Molly Morgan/ the owner of the gig where we left & after partaking of some excellent Bread cheese Butter & Porter for which the Good Lady would accept no remuneration journeyed on at a good round rate to Corinda a distance 12 miles time of performance 11 hour thereby shewing that a spur in the head is better than two in the heel, staid at Corinda for the night & the whole of the next day:

30th: returned Home jogged on as usual found things sadly out of order

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May 1st. Jno P Webber did me the honor of staying the night This morning went with him to see the great [indecipherable] and then my ploughman being sick took to it myself; Sowed about 1 acre just as a beginning & then killed a little Blind Bullock – very fat came in got Coffee filled up my journal from the 16th & now feeling most delightfully inclined for sleep shall retire to my hair mattrass thankfully enjoying an enviable nights repose, accidents excepted.

20th To this date as busy as possible putting in my wheat nothing between this & the first having elapsed worthy of notice except a journey by [indecipherable] to Luskintyre & so on home, things jogging on [indecipherable] comfortably, if it were not for sick men obliged to go between the Plough handles myself & act as a Servant. Was once reckonedconsequential but if some of my family should take a peep they wd find a wonderful change, daily qualifying myself for what tho goodness forefend may one day be my lot, Wrote a letter home & marvellous stupid one wrote also to Mr Hely about a prisoner: had a Shoemaker assigned to me, but sent me up a Psalm singer Itinerant flute player and Infant pedagogue, Vastly useful accomplishments for a farm. Returned him having made a determination to have none of your Scholars if I can avoid it keeping my mind that a little learning is a dangerous thing: A poorer seed time was never Ploughed a little in to day for an experiment: set to work also plastering my house. But from want of a Screen could not make a good job of it. Oh Want. Want thou hast no end: looks like rain. had a great Shower yesterday which broke a few clods for me,
Sent down the remainder of Wethers due to Adair & a yearling Lamb to make up weight, Recd twenty Bushels of wheat from Jno. P Webber for which I am to pay him at the rate of the market price of May the first; six months after date of May the thirty & twenty more Bushels –

21. I do not rightly know whether divers cracks in my hut having been filled up caused it to be so much hotter that I did not enjoy my rest as usual, for I rose before daylight & mounting a horse took course after my working Bks. which had the good luck to find full two hours before their usual time; Breakfasted immediately & went to plough where I staid until 12 o. cl. when Jno Webber came & I retired perhaps not very much regretting: Ws partook of a rude face when Townshend joined us and in the evening after tea sat down to a rubber of Whist playing 6d points & 1s/ the rubber I came off in 3 rub loser. 1s/- to JPW – arrived at my own Gunhia at a little past the hour when spirits walk, after a night ride so dark that I could scarcely distinguish the road –

22. But after Bks. at daybreak shore a sheep Ploughed a Land when Town [Townshend] & Webber came for the purpose of breakfasting with me.
After meal we started on horseback to view the great Limestone hill & kill a kangaroo if we could having about a dozen dogs of all sorts & sizes from the tiny Spaniel to the strong Kangaroo – Spaniel did not like staying back & courageously the others eager to follow bad example in spite of all our calling ran ahead so much as to [indecipherable] our sport in that way entirely,

[Page 9]

About 1 hour after staring we found ourselves on the range dividing the Creek from or rather running between it & the River, More beautiful forest cannot be conceived & in many places the Turf is equal to English Pasture; It is surprising to see by how much the grass is improved by sheep folding at an [indecipherable] Station, We crossed the Creek & soon came upon the ranges abounding with this most valuable stone large Block of the finest description laying on the surface; the hill stands by itself & wherever the most luxuriant grass is not Limestone is in the greatest abundance, on the upper side the rock it bare of great thickness & now and then intersected with strata of about 2 inches thick of the purest of Lime called I believe Chrysalite Stalactite: this when burned yields nearly entirely & affords the most beautiful Lime possible:
We soon came up to Mr McIntyres beautiful Station which I have before noticed, & still pursuing the Creek, the land by no means deteriorating fell in with a large flock of Kangaroos, our dogs could not hurt them: We now fancied from the direction we had been taking that we must [be] very near the North river opposite to JWPs grant and we determined to take course thereto, after a few small ranges we saw what all thought was a hill before his house. Congratulating ourselves upon the discovery & him upon his closeness to the river aforesaid: just then we saw a flock of sheep and we thought we might as well for the humour of the thing inquire from the Shepherd who told us to our great dismay that we were not near the river but merely upon the branch of the Creek.
We determined to push forwards, the hills low beautiful & the Country most romantic – Range after range we toiled over Valley after Valley came through abounding in the most superb herbage, but still no river, in one Valley we were moving slowly when a flock of Kangaroos came right to us without in the least showing fear. All now was hurry scurry: Ourselves dogs & Kangaroos mixed together no one party knowing what to do: We caught none of them.
We now toiled up a high mountain down its almost perpendicular sides & came to a Creek full of water a tremendous range before us up which we must go which with some difficulty we over came & then saw our own hills & to our great surprise were nearly close to my Farm. Still we had difficulties before us for in descending we had to make our way through a thick Mountain Brush – which having done J. W. turned off for his own home & we came on altogether pleased with the excursion tho unanimous that now & then was often enough for such things enjoyed my dinner vastly

[The next entries are in ink written over pencil. Some words difficult to make out.]

24 Sunday. Townshend Park & Self took ride to Adairs, where we drunk tea & raced home, sold 25 Wethers for 30 B maize

25 As usual 26. Looking for Cattle

27 McLeod & Nun came to breakfast with me: I rode with them for some miles on Adair road & then came home direct having discovered a new line of road on the North River Millers [indecipherable]

26 No milk & could hear nothing of the Giving: Oh [indecipherable]

28th Do, think of sending four miles for a drop of milk send down to [indecipherable] for Maize.

[Page 10]

28th After a hard day’s riding, on my return home home with some Bush herd which were by no means inclined to proceed, hooting with all might by a Brush my Said Milking Cows rushed out like mad things & to my great joy I found them; Townshend joined me at night & tho he would not taste a mouthful at my place persuaded me to accompany him home where we met G. Forbes who had just returned from Sydney whereof he gave us all the news with a little Scandal. It was 12 o clock before I got home & a bitter cold night it was freezing like the deuce.

29: Had a gallows erected & despatched a young Bullock not 2yrs old wgt 520 lbs who will now say anything against our Pasture, lent Townshend half & 1Ύ lbs Soap –

30th, Sunday & after reading prayers I went over to Townshends & met Messrs Adair Nun Park & Forbes and Spent a most pleasant dull day.

June 5th, Finished wheat sowing & made a bridge over a nasty sort of hole in my Farm; had sheep yds built Native dogs most extremely troublesome

6th Sunday at 1 oclock met Webber & Park at Townshends & proceeded to Langs to see the new Chums and pass the day were introduced to Mr & Mrs Pilchard, Messrs Browning & Gilbert altogether spent an agreeable day & returned to Townshend, at 12 o clock, where I staid for after n short time discussing some Beef and Beer & got to my own place at 1 o. freezing very much.

7 Slabbing Calf Pen &c in the Evening with Park
went to Jno Webbers to meet as we thought only Townshend extra to have a snug rubber, on our arrival found Messrs Nun, Jno & Jas Adair, there was some scarcity of Beds & found myself laying down on the floor about 3 o clock next morn to take a little sleep if possible: After Breakfast proceeded altogether most of them called at my place & ate some most unwholesome [indecipherable] I was completely knocked up & most sleepily inclined

8th Sent my dray down for flour Paling Calf pens [indecipherable] wood and begun to Burn off for tobacco –

9th, At work burning off myself unfortunately for about 11 o clock in striking at a stump struck the axe nearly through my foot, & cut two veins which I was not aware of for some time I bandaged it up with numberless folds but it would not do I could not stop the Bleeding at length getting rather timid I rode to Townshends in great pain blood letting drop all the way arrived there after Sundown where luckily Adair was who knew that Lint was about the best thing it luckily succeeded & just as the bandage was performed I fainted away from loss of blood, had I only waited a short time bleeding to death would have been the result lint is the best thing possible to Stopping blood.

10 After passing an indifferent night breakfasted and rode to my own place where I found two men sick like master like man myself a cripple

12 Very Lame still but able to toddle about Mr Penson paid me a visit and I prevailed upon him to stay & divert my Solitude in the evening as we were enjoying a glass of Lemonade in place of something better were astonished by the sound of horses steps

[Page 11]

which turned out to be Townshend, N Powell & F Allman who joined our party to Tea making my little Gunhia quite gay. The latter went home in the Evening:

16. Kangarooing with Townshend & his 2 last night companions after which dined at my place & the 2 staid the night.

17. Recd from Mr Pringle a letter which took me off today in the hopes of meeting him dined at Penson’s Station & proceeded to Scotts where we found Captn Wright & spent a pleasant Evening (raining)

18. One of the coldest days I remember, Rode with Captn Wright to Glennies, took dinner rode to Mr Bells, & returned to Sleep at Glennies passed a pleasant musical evening –

19th At 12 o clock went towards Glendon again having written to Pringle dined at Corinda & met Mr Wilkinson, Mr Busby, Miss White & the Bells.

20 Went to Church at Patricks Plains, & heard a most excellent sermon, met all the World & his Wife dined at Corinda. G. Blaxland joined us –

21 & accompanied me to the Second Branch pulled up at Townshend’s and ate dinner with John Allman –

23. Wrote an answer to Carter & wishing to keep a Copy of that answer shall here insert it (Farming work Burning off, fencing, drawing in & splitting for Barn)

Camyralyn 23d June 1830
Some days ago I recd from [you] a letter requesting me to state the respective claim of Colnl Dumaresq & yourself as to nails and Tobacco which I shall do to the best of my memory.
In Decr. 1828 I borrowed from the Colonel’s Estate to finish your Cottage, 52000 Shingle Nails which were of so inferior a kind that I do not believe one out of three were available even to drive into oak Lathes nor could it be ascribed to the Workmen as the Plasterer, Carpenter and Holman with a little assistance from Frankham put the whole up, All of whom were in the habit of driving nails, The circumstance I mentioned to Mr Bell at the time who told me that had they been fit for the purpose they would themselves have used them.
Our hurry at that time left me no alternative. They recd from me in part payment 8000 good Shingle Nails I only recd 156 lbs gross of Tobacco on your acct and always considered seventy or eighty pounds were still due to you but cannot exactly remember the quantity as Mrs Bell once merely shewed me the acct which of course can easily be referred to –
Another circumstance has surprised me very much (viz that you should refuse to pay Mr Bell three pounds, Cash actually paid out of his pocket on your acct. to a Blacksmith who then worked at St Heliers; Before leaving your Estate I mentioned to you the transaction which you approved of –
The amt. of the Bill was three pounds some odd shillings which I was then going to pay him by an order upon you Mr B requested me as Smith owed him money which he could not get to draw in Smiths favour on him. Thereby leaving the money due to Mr Bell wh he expected to get from you in Sydney: You cannot dispute its propriety and if you persist in refusing to pay I shall feel obliged under circumstances to refund Mr Bell myself,
yrs respectfully
Ch Boydell

[There is a note in pencil at the bottom of the left-hand side of this page to say that the journal "is continued at the other end of this vol. p.19, beginning at Jan. 1, 1831." However, various entries continue to be written in sequence after this page, including a number of poems, an account of King Jackey’s funeral, various pages of accounts, and other notes, until, from page 33, the entries can be in either orientation. From page 35 the entries run from the back of the journal towards the front, and should be read in reverse order.]

[Page 12]

How is it? that my blood so burns
My veins enlarge, & thuds my heart,
Since Cupid has not dared so far,
As to throw forth his strongest dart

And yet! I feel I know not how
My mind the veriest trifles move
Deep sighs escape me unaware
Tell me Sweet Girl can this be love?

Why did I up that river trace
My Footsteps leading off from home.
For when I saw thy beauteous face
I trembled for my heart was gone.

I thought I could forget its form –
I fancied I no more should burn –
I turned my footsteps from thy roof
Determined never to return.

For I had early made a vow –
No woman’s charm, my heart should know
Alas! how rash I feel it now –
And felt it far more rash, when there.

Again! I rambled from my home
Unconscious where my steps wd lead
And when the loved roof met my sight
I stopp’d uncertain to proceed –

I did not hesitate for long
I found myself within thy door
And saw thee resolution broke
Which I’d resolved but just before.

A gracious welcome I received
Thine eye there bright, (I thought) on me,
Thy charms were heightened to my sight,
I thought of! looked at nought but thee,

I could not speak but well mine eyes
The Language of my heart expresst –
I thought you gave me sighs for sighs
And truly then I felt me blest –

I think I could not well mistake
Your eyes so often turn’d on me –
I would not wish your heart to break
So offer up myself to thee,

The sweetest Girls that grace the Land
Which boasts of giving birth to me
Oft sighed in vain to gain the hand
Of him, who gives his heart to thee –

Will thou be mine sweet girl do pray!
Consent and bless thy Johnny’s heart
And name the day when join we may [Word order indicated by numbers.]
Our hands and hearts no more to part


[Page 13]

I sing not Old Jason who travelled thro Greece
To kiss the fair maids and possess the rich place
But I sing of a Parson for want of another
Who fell in love strange to say without telling his brother

Where the Wheat Crops look green and Forest grey brown.
This Parson did live with his hair combed straight down.
Composed of red bristles well suiting a Pig
And cut in a shape much resembling a wig.

His Large forehead bare, I’ve no doubt he supposed
No mean intellectual organs exposed
His Eyebrows were bushy sans very much grace
And his brow a Verandah to shadow his face.

His Dandy grey twinklers were thought rather small
His nose like a hat peg stuck up in a wall
His mouth was Capacious adapted for eating
His breath was not sweeter than dung that is heating

His Corpus was fattish his figure was squat
His clothing was thread bare and shabby his hat,
In Short if you travel a Country that’s bigger,
I doubt much if you’ll find a more strange figure
His words issued slowly like drops from a still,
You might hear a great while without having a fill.

One morning this Parson did call for his horse.
Which was brought to the door as a matter of course
Dun colored, high boned, and in flesh rather low
Tho a rummer to look at the Devil to go –

His road was unmarked through the bush lay his way
Which he missed and then wandered the whole of the day.
And night coming on he found himself lost
And was ready from fear to give up the Ghost.

H 8th.
He exerted his Lungs for a long time in vain
But fear made him noisy he tried them again
You may fancy his joy when an answer was given
I’ve a notion he prised it as Manna from heaven

He was led to a house and most kindly received
By a Lady the owner, who said she was grieved
And courteously offered the best she could give
Which he Poor Parson was glad to receive

Two daughters she had blooming girls, full of grace
Who kindly received him and pitied his case.
He admired the one, but the other Good Lord,
Quite disabled the Parson from saying a Word.

Being kindly entreated for the night there he staid
And dreamed in his sleep of the beautiful maid
T’is a pity he woke, for his dream gave such bliss
He dreamed (the huge Creature), he gave her a Kiss.

His Breakfast devoured, & sending forth sighs
He wished her farewell, with his love beaming Eyes,
And when He got home lest they might smell a rat
Not a word did he say of the place he’d been at

[Page 14]

Ben Burns. Soldiers joy

 I am a son of Mars who have been in many wars,
And Shew my cuts & scars wherever I come –
This here for a wench and that other in a trench
When welcoming the french at the Sound of the drum
Lal de daddle &c

My prenticeship I passed where my leader breathed his last
When the bloody die was cast on the heights of ABram [Abram]
I served out my trade when the gallant game was played
And the Moro low was laid at the Sound of the Drum
Lal de daddle &c

I lastly was with Curtis among the floating Batteries
And there I left for witness an arm and a limb
Yet let my Country need me with Elliot to lead me
Id clatter on my Stumps at the Sound of the drum
Fal de daddle

And now then I must beg with a wooden arm and leg
 And many a tattered rag hanging over my Bum
Im as happy with my wallet my bottle and my Callet,
As when I used in Scarlet to follow the Drum
Lal de dandle &c,

What tho with hoary locks I must stand the winters shocks,
Beneath the woods and rocks oftentimes for a home
When the tother Bag I sell and the tother bottle tell
I could met a troop of hell at the Sound of the Drum
Lal de dandle &c,

["Son of Mars" by Robert (Rabbie) Burns (1759-1797), which was traditionally sung to the tune "Soldier’s Joy".]

Tune Soldier Laddie

I once was a maid tho I cannot tell when
And still my delight is in proper young men
Some one of a troop of Dragoons was my daddie
No wonder Im fond of Sodger laddie
Sing Lal de lal &c,

The first of my lovers was a swaggering Blade
To rattle the thundering drum was his trade
His leg was so tight & his cheek was so ruddy
Transported I was with my Sodger Laddie
Sing Lal de lal &c.

But the Godly old Chaplain left him in the lurch
The Sword I forsook for the sake of the church
He ventured the Soul and I risked the body
Twas then I proved false to my Sodger Laddie
Sing Lal de lal &c

Full soon I grew sick of my Sanctified Sot
The regiment at large for a husband I got
From the gilded Spontoon to the fife I was ready
I asked no more but a Sodger laddie
Sing lal de lal &c.

But the peace it reduced me to beg in despair
Till I met my old Boy at Caningham fair
His rags regimental they fluttered so gaudy
My heart it rejoiced at my Sodger laddie
Sing Lal de lal &c

And now I have lived I know not how long
And still I can join in a cup or a song
But whilst with both hands I can hold the cup steady
Here’s to the[e] my hero my Sodger laddie –
Sing Lal de lal &c.

["Soldier Laddie" by Robert Burns.]

[Page 15]

Tune. Jolly mortals fill your glasses

See the smoking Bowl before us
Mark our jovial ragged ring
Round and round take up the chorus
And in raptures let us sing

A fig for those by law protected
Libertys a glorious feast
Courts for Cowards were erected.
Churches built to please the priest

What is title? what is treasure
What is reputation’s Care
If We lead a life of Pleasure
Tis no matter how or where
A Fig for those &c.

With the ready trick & fable
Bound we wander all the day
And at night in Barn or stable
Hug our doxies on the Hay –
A Fig for those &c.

Does the train attended Carriage
Through the Country lighter rove
Does the Sober bed of Marriage
Witness brighter scenes of love
A Fig for those &c.

Life is all a variorum
We regard not how it goes
Let them cant about decorum
Who have character to lose
A Fig for those &c.

Here’s to Budgets Bags & wallets
Here’s to [all] the wandering train
Here’s our ragged Boots & Callets
One and all cry out amen
A Fig for those &c.

["Jolly Mortals, fill your Glasses" by Robert Burns.]

Dainty Davie

Now rosy May comes in wi flowers
To deck her gay green spreading Bowers,
And now comes in my happy hours
To wander wi my Davie

Meet me in the Warlock Knowe
Dainty Davie Dainty Davie
There Ill spend the day with you
My ain dear Dainty Davie

The Chrystal waters round us fa’
The merry Birds are lovers a’
The scented Breezes round us Blaw
A wandering wi my Davie
Meet me &c

When purple morning starts the hare
To feed steal upon her early fare
Then thro the Dews I will repair
To meet my faithfu’ Davie
Meet me &c

When Day expiring in the west
The curtain draws o nature’s rest
I flee to his arms I love best
And that’s my ain dear Davie
Meet me &c

["Dainty Davie" by Robert Burns.]

Tune Quaker’s Wife

Thine am I my faithful fair
Thine my lovely Nancy
Every pulse along my veins
Ev’ry roving Fancy –

To thy Bosom lay my heart
There to throb and anguish
Tho despair had wrung its core
That would heal its anguish

[Page 16]

Take away those rosy lips
Rich with balmy treasure
Turn away those eyes of love
Lest I die with pleasure

What is life when wanting love?
Night without a morning
Love’s the cloudless summers sun
Nature gay adorning

["My Lovely Nancy" by Robert Burns; tune is "The Quaker’s Wife".]

Green grow the rashes O
Green grow the rashes O
The sweetest hours that e’er I spent
Were spent among the lasses O –

There’s nought but care on every han
In ev’ry hour that passes O
What signifies the life of Man
And twere not for the lasses O
Green grow &c

The warly race may riches chase
And riches still may fly them O
And tho at last they catch them fast
Their hearts can neer enjoy them O
Green grow &c

But gie me a cannie hour at e’en
My arms about my dearie O
An’ warly cares an’ warly men
May a gae tapsalteerie O
Green grow.

For you sae douce ye sneer at this
Ye’re nought but senseless asses O,
The wisest man the Warl e’er saw
He dearly lov’d the lasses O
Green grow &c

Auld nature swears the lovely dears
Her noblest work she classes O,
Her prentice han she tried on man
And then she made the lasses O.
Green grow &c –

["Green Grow the Rashes – a Fragment" by Robert Burns.]

The Peck of Maut.

Oh Willie Brewed a peck of Maut
And Rob and Allan came to see
Three blither hearts that lee lang night
Ye wad na find in Christendie

We are not fou we re na that fou
But just a drappie in our e’e
The cock may craw the day may daw
But still well taste the Barley bree

Here are we met three merry Boys.
Three merry Boys I trow are we
And monie a night we’ve merry been
And monie mae we hope to bee
We are na fou &c.

It is the moon I ken her horn
That’s blinkin in the lift sae hie
She shines sae bright to wyle us hame
But by my sooth she’ll wait a wee
We are na fou &c.

Wha first shall rise to gang awa
A Cuckold Coward loon is he
Wha last beside his chair shall fa
He is the King among us three

["Willie Brewed a Peck o’ Maut" by Robert Burns.]

[Page 17]

Octr 27th Arrived Tho Stapleton Shoemaker per Ship Forth, Sentenced 7 years.

Hammer – Pincers Nippers, rasp, small Floats, File for taking down [indecipherable] 3 dz, French blades. Square Awls – 2 dz. [indecipherable] Awls – 3 dz. Sewing do 1 dz heel Awls – 2 Knives; Heel Balls, 5 or 6 dz. Tacks diff Brads & Tacks.

[Diagrams – see original.]

Things alter, have patience a while
Till matured by a year or two
In her turn
She’ll return to you look a sweet smile
& gladly consent to have you –

[The following page, which appears to be drafts of a poem or poems, is partly written in pencil, partly crossed through, and in places is very indistinct.]

Oh Times Oh Morals [indecipherable]

For her whose footsteps [indecipherable]
Inspire her muses if it please ye
A man who neer before did [indecipherable] ye

With heaven born Virtue for her Guide
The man [indecipherable] in virtues way

That man can never go astray
Who fixed in Virtues lovely way –
Firm of resolve, views with disdain
The petty spite of wicked men –
He, never swayed by public voice
Unmoved by threats

C Charles
Charles Boydell

Then why do you grieve? my Good fellow
I prithee just listen to me
The fruit that you sought was not mellow
No wonder refused you should be –

For amorous Passion, as yet,
Scare Scarely warm feelings inspire
Her youth in her breast would not let
Cupid light the congenial Fire

The woods & the fields in her eyes
Surpass far the pleasures of love
In the opening bud she descries
More beauties than Manhood can prove,

[Page 18]

[Page includes drawings and diagrams – see original.]

Come! Come! my Friends do spend your Cash
What signifies such useless Trash
If thus you always save
Old age & wrinkles both must come
No pleasing wealth form can Wealth assume
To you when in the grave,

Years pass on alas! and Fate
Inexorable will not wait
For any here below
Old Charon’s Boat must take you oer
To the dark dismal spectral Shore
Where Mortals all must go!

Then! What becomes of all your Stock
Your pleasing Wife your hand & Sock
All must be left behind,

[Draft of a letter:]

I fear your prospectus for stripping off the four or five [indecipherable] in 35 is hardly feasible, However under one consideration I agree to it promise to do my very best as to the disposal of I fear very undisposable articles, That is that you yourself are the conductor Ill then have a look at you myself there is a possibility of your answering particularly if you still keep safe Those romantic ideas you were used to entertain, that milking a Cow is a pleasant Occupation, & that looking on Sheep affords amusement
You shall occasionally be gratified with having full charge of the fleecy dears; your living shall be frugal your habitation lowly, your husband a mere Settler Your society [confined?] to him; Will not delights like these tempt you to fly to me to undergo the dangers of a long voyage, to leave your friends & relations, & to renounce the gaieties of life while you can enjoy them –

[Page 19]

[Page of accounts entries:]
June 1832: Account of Cedar &c Sawn by W McLeods Sawyers.
[Not transcribed. See image for details]

[Missing image:]
June 1832 Account of Boards & Scantling cut by Mr. McLeods Sawyers

[Page 20]

[Paragraph breaks added to assist readability.]

King Jackey’s Funeral
Augt. 9th 1833
A long Neck of Land formed by the junction of a Creek with the river was the place chosen as that of interment, at the extremity towards the river, the Brushes on three Sides the fertility of the whole was as pretty a place for the purpose as I know of any where.

When I approached an old man was digging the Grave which a most laborious task, the ground being very hard & the only tool used for the purpose a Tomy Hawk or small hatchet. The form of the grave was oval & its depth when finished short of Four feet. There were about 16 Savages squatting or standing around, amongst them the Father, Mother and several Brothers of the deceased the Parents were only Howlers in Company, the cry can be termed nothing else. Three sounds long dwelt upon give an idea of the Male’s voice a – a – ar – o – r – The Females more treble er – ou – u – This noise they kept up sans intermission. The Body itself trussed up in as small a compass as possible and wrapt up in Rugs & all the insignia of a New S Wales Aboriginal was supported by two relations about 4 yds from the Grave & laying on their knees whilst they bent over it full of grief & affection.

The digging Part of Grave being finished the Sexton went to some of youngest and freshest looking Trees and broke the small branches with leaves off and proceeded to line the Grave with them, which being done a Brother of the deceased was desired to try whether the grave was comfortable which he did by laying in it in the posture the deceased was to be placed, after some more slight alteration He again got into it,

And the signal given the younger Branches of the family came forward. Surrounded the Corpse, and as they lifted it up gave a great shout and then as it were conjured by blowing & waving hands over the body. the same noise & blowing was repeated upon lowering the remains into the arms of his Brother who received them & carefully placed them in the most comfortable posture and so that not a particle of ground should touch the body,

The Shout then set up by all of them was awfully deafening The Old Father rushed past me seized a Tomy hawk and cut his head in several places until the blood gushed in quantities from the Wound. Another old Man snatched it from him & commenced upon his own. Three or 4 more did the same some most viciously whilst others seemed to think a little of the thing went a great way, the Howling continuing all the while.

Bark was then carefully placed over the body and the old men stretched themselves at full length on the Ground and howled dreadfully, one of them at length got up took a bit of Bark laid it across the Grave & stretched himself upon it crying with all his might I then left them nothing of the ceremony remaining but filling up the Grave,

My reflections on the occasion were curious & many. I thought of what grief really was & fancied that I saw it there, I thought within myself also where will that Creature go to, and could not for a moment believe that he was doomed to Hell, altho he was no Christian & tho perhaps he may have committed sins from want of knowing better which to us would appear horrible, but still he amongst the Blacks was a good one, he was what they termed a strong party on their side Tho perhaps not much of a Warrior he was a politician, and an orator for no man could inflame rage more than he, no one could better as they term it, blow up an enemy – no one in short had more sway over their minds than King Jackey as he was termed. Requiescat in pace

[Page 21]

Jackeys Mother & Father staid for some days by the grave making the top of it their bed, The Mother never left it for some days after when one of her relations went to look for her she was found dead at the place, the cause of which was most undoubtedly grief. She was buried by his Side.
Augt. 1833.

Within the last two or three days Old Times the Aboriginal who tried whether Jackey’s grave was or was not proper and who received his body and placed it in the Grave, has departed this life, from the same disease caught at the time of the funeral and every one of them who assisted at the funeral has been attacked.
26th Augt 1833.

[Sketches and names on the opposite page.]

[Page 22]

The suspension of Mr Wilkinson from his Clerical duties at New Castle has occasion the greatest regret in the whole district of Hunter’s River – as it has [indecipherable] that he should have such a step should have been taken towards a man who exercised the duties of [indecipherable] in a manner the most satisfactory to all sects.
The cause of this proceeding seems to be twofold. In the first place some disagreement with the late Archdeacon, & in the other, upon an occasion where the whole of his independent property was at stake & the least delay might have occasioned the entire loss of it he had made as much haste as a layman would have done under similar circumstances; first misunderstanding seems to have taken place from Mr W having had [indecipherable] enough to perceive certain abuses in the Church establishment, & having had courage to affirm them & independence to maintain the same, but like all others who are thoughtless enough to kick against the pricks, he has suffered by it all as in all similar cases power has prevailed –

As regards the latter charge. I do think the true state of [indecipherable] has never been thoroughly known; When Mr W first arrived in this Colony like all others whether Church or Laymen what Capital he was possessed of was expended in stock. a grant of Land was given to him by the Government & he was not thought one jot the less fit to perform his clerical duties from being also a farmer He himself found that the goals a proper attention to both duties was impracticable, for a consideration made over to a Gentleman (whose conduct at the time was the highest), the whole of his [indecipherable]

Nearly nine years! elapsed, when this Gentleman became much involved & Mr W from a friendly nature gave up his whole claim upon receipt of a few Cattle & sheep by no means equivalent to what he himself had at time previous given up

The stock was still left in the same keeping & an action having been entered and Verdict obtained against the Gentleman to a very considerable amount made Mr W anxious for his property, & every moderate person would say most properly so – The question is merely this whether he also embraces the sacerdotal life, is to feed himself or to die of starvation

The first law of nature is the care of self, a providence against future difficulties is not only extreme [indecipherable] but the mark of a good man, for who is not inclined to good for himself will not be very regardful of other’s weal: Suppose now (as might probably have been the Case) Mr W had neglected gaining possession of the whole of his independent property & the same steps been taken by the Corporation; He himself with his wife would have been pennyless & unprovided for in a foreign Land; unless some good person had [indecipherable] him has done in another case not far distant, and given him [indecipherable]; How is it that no one has an ill word of Mr W, in a Country like this & so far far from it that I do believe there would be hundred houses ready to receive him a hundred heads of families happy in the idea of given assistance and support to a man who united the virtues of a pastor with the kindness of a friend & who was ever ready to effectually assist the Fatherless & the Widow –

[Page 23]

Jany 1316th 1835. [altered from 1834]
Recd from Mr Boydell 132 head of Cattle, & sixty four (64) Sheep of Sexes, the property of Mrs. Frankland, which Mr B has hitherto kept upon Thirds,
Alexr. Park

Bates – Ewes
Byrnes – Wethers
Donaldson – Ewes
Wood – Ewes
Manly – Rams
Higgins – Lambs
Tho Mason, Malcolm [bracketed together:] Watchman

Wilson, £20
Wheeler – 14
hogan – 14
Lobban – 25
Donaldson – 14
Hamilton – 14

[Page 24]

[Note of various stores and accounts, various dates, spread across two pages. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

Slops on hand, 13th Septr 1831
8 pr of Blankets, at 15/- per pr. – £6/0./0
2 dz. Ch Shirts, at 32/- per dz – 3./4./0
6 pr Duck Trowsers at 3/- 6 d. Frocks at 3/ - 1./16./0
1 Piece Bed Ticking 62 yds at 1/1 – 3./7./2

How Served out,
Septr 12th 1 Blanket, 1 Ch shirt. C Flood

Joseph Owen, in acct with Mr Boydell.
1833 May 9th
To 24 lbs Sugar, at 6d – £-/13/-
To 1lb Tea – 4/-
To 1 lb Soap – –/10
To ½ yd of Calico – 1/-
To Fustian Jacket – 10/-
To 1 Silk handkerchief – 6/-
Checque on Bank of Australia – 2/-/-
Cash – 3/6
Mending a Pair of Shoes – 2/-
[Total:] £3/19/4
By checque 3/10/8
[Total:] £ 7/10/-

Novr 7th 1833 recd the above from Mr Boydell
Joseph Allen – X his mark
Witness. Daniel Theobald

Wages from 9th May to 9th Nov. 1833
at £15/0/0 per annum – £7/10/.

[Balance:] £3/10/8

Nov. 1833. Wm Dymock Sawyer, in acct –
36 lbs flour at 4d – 0/12/0.
27 lbs Beef 5d – 13/3
6 lbs Bacon. 8d – 4/-
8 lbs Sugar 8. – 5/4.
1 lb Tea – 4/-
1 qt Rum. 6/-
1 pr Boots – 12/-
[Total:] 2/16/7

per Contra,
1265 of Cedar at 7/ per 100 – 4/9/-
Washing – 6/-
[Total:] 4/15/-

Balance 1/18/5.d

8th Novr 1833 Recd the Balance by Cheque on the Bank of Australia,
Wm Dimmock

[Page 25]

[Page of accounts. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

Goods received from Messrs Aspinall & Brown.

1 Chest Hyson Shen tea – £3/12/ 6d.
3 Bags Sugar, nett, 428 lbs at 2/½ – 4/9/2
5 Gallons Rum at 13/ Per G., Keg 5/- – 4/ 0/0
2 Doz Ch Shirts at 3/4 – 3/4/0
8 pr Blankets at 13/ – 6/0/0
1 Piece Calico, 52½ yds at 9d – 1/19/2
1 Bolt Wool Bagging 134 yds 9d – 5/0/6
1 Wool Pack 7/6 6 pr Sh Shears 3/6 – 2/5/6.
6 pr Duck Trowsers, 18/ – 8 pr D. Frocks 18/ – 1/16/0
1 Piece Bed Ticking , 62 yds 1/1. 67/2 – 3/7/2
3 lbs Twine 12/- 5 Cwt Salt 30/ – 2/2/0
2. Cwt. Soap, & Bot. 22/6 – 1/2/6.
4 Spades, 22/- 2 Shovels 11/ – 1/13/0
12 Sickles £2/14/0. 10 lbs S. Petre. 7/6 – 3/1/6
5 Gs. Vinegar, Keg, 27/6 – 1/7/6
5. 2 Bs Bags. 2/9 – 13/9
1 Case. 3/6 – Cartage 2/6 – 6/0
Oct 1831 To 5 Gs Brandy at 15/ – 3/15/0
Keg – 5/6
To 1 doz Duck Frocks 42/ – 2/2/0
To 1 dz Duck Trowsers at 36/ – 1/16/ 0
Nove 1832.1
To 18 Ch Shirts – at 2/9 – 2/9/6
6 Red do – 4/6 – 1/7/0
1 Bolt Canvass. 40½ yds 10d – 1/13/9
3 pr Blankets. – 16/6 – 2/9/6
43 yds Parramatta Cloth. 3/6 – 7/10/6
2 lbs Sewing twine at 3/9d – 7/ 6
[Total:] 69/16/6

Sugar. lbs 268.
Tea – 87.

[Page 26]

[Pencil sketches – see original – and a poem:]

Thou grim king of Terrors thou life’s gloomy foe
Go frighten the Coward and Slave
Go bid them to tremble fell Tyrant but know
No terror has thou for the brave
April 8th 1833

[Lines of poetry taken from "The Song of Death" by Robert Burns.]

[Page 27]

[Note of account; see original for layout.]

Novr 1835 Recd from William Ogilvie Esqre Two hundred & seventy three Sheep of the following description, the Property of Miss Wilton, one Ewe & Lamb being still left with Mr Ogilvie in consequence of the accident during Sheep Washing

Wethers, – 73.
W Lambs, – 39.
Ewes, – 84.
Y. Ewes. – 32.
Ewe Lambs – 45;
Total – 273

[Ewe lambs] died on the Road – 3
[Total ewe lambs] 42
[Total] 270

3d Nov 1835 Recd the above
Charles Boydell

[The right-hand side of this page is damaged and only partly readable. Missing words have been inferred from context. Where the whole word has had to be inferred it is in [square brackets].See original for details.]

From 1826 to 1830 the Early [Settlers] had a very hard time of it. It was impossible to sell anything [consequently] money was painfully scarce, and [a] sort of barter had to be resorted to. [For] instance if you agreed with a [neighbour] to put up a line of fencing it was not uncommon to agree to [for bill in doing] pay in [kind?] so many rods of fencing for so many bullocks or a horse or so many bags of wheat. Suatters [Squatters?] had no regular [price?] to guide them as they have [now?] and might was right to a very [great] extent, the country was so far as it [was] known populated principally by small settlers who had obtained grants of land [from] the govmnt not exceeding 2500 acres in the Hunter. Nepean. Illawarra. Hawkesbury Districts, and we hear of clover being grown and likely to become a useful grass in the colony. also other English grasses introduced for the first time Turnips were cultivated on some Estates but is spoken of as a crop not to be depended upon.

The more opulent Settlers commenced for the first time to fence in their land with rail fences and seemed quite surprised at the improved capacity for keeping stock
horned cattle increased very fast about this time and when mustered in the year 1820 amounted to 99. [indecipherable] 87 [head?]
They were a mixed breed between between Cape of Good Hope and English

[Page 28]

[This page is damaged and only partly readable. Missing words have been inferred from context. Where the whole word has had to be inferred it is in [square brackets].See original for details.]

horned ugly brutes they were. The bullocks were much used for ploughing & draught, and were indispensible in those early days, as horses were very scarce and very expensive.

[A] few Settlers commenced keeping sheep [and] improved turned their attention to improving them [With] the introduction of the Merino I may [here?] mention the success of Mr John McArthur to whom the colony indeed the whole of Australia [is] indebted, in the year 1794 his attention was first attracted by observing the [improvements] in the fleeces of some lambs produced from a cross between the Bengal Sheep & some he had imported from Ireland,

In the year 1790 Mr McArthur purchased from the Cape of Good Hope 4 Ewes & two rams of the pure Merino breed by which his flock was much improved and in the year 1801 he exhibited specimens of wool in England for which he obtained much praise. Mr McArthur now purchased from the Royal flock a Kew 9 rams & 1 Ewe which further improved his most valuable flock. The credit of introducing the Merino sheep into Australia is most justly his.

In the year 1835 there seems to have been a better market for produce as I have in my possession an old account [indecipherable]
7th March 1835
memo of purchase of 400 Bushels maize [at] 3/6 per bushel, £50 to be paid on [indecipherable] bill at 4 months, a [indecipherable]

[Page 29]

[A poem, written in pencil, upside down on the page:]

High from the vaulted [indecipherable]
The moon the rosy dawn her [indecipherable] beamed
Bathing in light, so soft and sweet
The hills the browsing herds retreat
Things above, things neath my feet
On all, thy light, flood streams

[Page 30]

[Calculations. Not transcribed; see original.]

[Page 31]

[Pencil sketches of house and horses.]

[Page 32]

[Pencil sketch.]

[Page 33]

[Calculations, upside down on the page. Part transcribed. See original for layout.]


[Total:] 2700


1834 – 2700 – 134 – 120 –
1835 – 750 – 35 – 80 –
1836 – 1000 – 36 – 140 –
1837 – 1500 – 37 – 200
1838 – 2000 – 8 -200
1839 – 3000 – 9 – 300
1840 – 4000 – 40 – 400
[Total:] – 14950 – 1440

45000 –
£3382 10
[Total:] 4057 10

225 [times] 3 [equals] 675


112 10
[Total:] 337 10

360 [indecipherable]

[Total:] £381/10
50 fat Bullocks at £2 10 – 125/-
[Total:] 406/10
200 Wethers – 150/-
[Total:] £556/10
[Total:] £817/10

[Total:] 5100


Jany 30th 1834
[Product:] 48000

[Page 34]

[Pencil notes and sketches.]

Kangaroo Creek – 3 flocks – 1500
[indecipherable] 3 do – 1500
Home – 3 do – 1800
Pure sheep – 200

Tell me who can, what can control
In growing greatness of the Soul,
That meant meant to dazzle near & far
Resembles the bright Polar Star,

Who can point out to man his course
Who can to good or ill his will by rules enforce
And knows each Mortal’s destiny

Know this! all mortals here below,

[Page 35]

[Small sketch of a man.]

[Page 36]

[From this point on, the journal is written from the back of the book to the front. For sense, read in the reverse order.]

[Word order for part of this page is as indicated by numbering in the text. See the original for details.]

The hidden & mysterious disappearance of the late Mr Jno McIntyre has in this neighbourhood caused the greatest sensation Seven weeks last Tuesday have now elapsed since the report was raised by his servants that he had left for a few days & had not returned to the time promised.
Three or four weeks went by without anything being apprehended raised, As the Deceased in his own neighbourhood was not on terms of Intimacy with any of his immediate neighbours, & his disposition was such that he seldom opened his mind to those about him It was consequently supposed that he had either gone to Sydney or Port Stephens upon business; Intelligence being obtained from different parts of the Colony that he had no where been either heard of or seen; His friends began to entertain serious fears for his fate.
Mr McLeod immediately as a Magistrate ordered the different district constables to meet at Mr M. and there joined by Mr Townshend & some more of the immediate neighbours held an investigation [on the] 13th Inst when several depositions were taken but nothing occurred in any way to clear up the mystery in which the Case was involved: out of 15 men most of whom were employed about the house & building, not one the House servant excepted had seen Mr M. on the horse on which by the house servant he was stated to have left his home nor could he himself state which direction his master had taken tho in all other respects every little circumstance as to the dress the conversation &c he told most clearly: These things all considered led to a supposition that either Mr M had destroyed himself or had been murdered by some of his men who at that time were employed splitting & clearing at some distance from home, and or one of his servants of the name of Daly who had been at the Bench the day previous, and had stated to having met his master as he was returning home; Expectation was raised of discovering part of the remains concealed in the Forest & the party consisting of 6 horsemen 7 Constables & about 30 Blacks proceeded down the river & diligently searched without the least success for about 3 miles –
So the day’s work ended apparently nothing arising from it that could solve the Question –
A day or two subsequent to Mr Ms disappearance five men had been by warrant taken from the establishment and sent to Segenhoe as assigned servants to Mr McQuean, One of these of the name of Murphy last Friday week met a man of Mr Donald McIntyres, of the name of Linton. The conversation began upon the mystery, and after a few things under promise of secrecy Murphy unfolded the following most horrid tale to his companions that the House servant & Daly killed Mr M on Monday night for the sake of money which they supposed him to have in a parcel endorsed white lead: after committing the act they put the body into a large chest where it remained two days and one night, on the second night they put it on his horse & took it to some distance, but where he either did not know or was not tell; Linton deposed to the above before F Little and circumstances being made known to Mr McLeod he again promptly with a party & constables went and had taken into Custody the House servant with another to whom some suspicion was attached –
Everything was examined most minutely Spots of Blood were on the Saddle and the sides of the Chest in which was wheat well marked with Blood as if by spurts from an artery, & clumsy attempts had been made to erase with a knife.

[John McIntyre of Torryburn on the Allyn River was murdered in 1830. His body was never found.]

[Page 37]

[The poem on this page is a clean copy in ink of the one written in pencil on page 38.]

Praises of Muzzy

I am not a man so needs must be a woman
And I now call my muse to his praises of no man
But inspire me fair dame thou sweet singing huzzy
To worthily sing the due praises of Muzzy

Shall I first praise his white hair so curly & long
Or those pretty formed toddles, so active & strong
Or the form of his body the curl of his tail
Tho in doing each justice Im certain to fail.

No one will deny that my dog is a beauty
Performing in guarding his mistress his duty
His breeding is fine being or Im a noodle
Between English Spaniel dog & a french poodle.

I think if a person could but see his face
When pleased he would say it abounded in grace
An unusually looking intelligent creature
Simmetrical Beauty in every feature

His Ear hanging down but just half hides an eye
That in piercing & brightness with any might vie
His teeth are so white smooth nor is Ivory whiter
His nose is so thick nor is Ebony brighter –

I allow him to share in my board and my bed
I would not for all the world he should be dead –
I wash him each day in the water of Roses
Which makes him as well as the eyes please the noses

If you’d fancy my dog you must fancy perfection
In personal beauty in faithful affection
My husband I dearly love but I declare
Id losing my husband to Muzzy prefer –

[Page 38]

[This page includes three verses of a poem are written in ink, with verses transcribed in the order indicated by numbering on the original. The rest of the page is written in pencil, some of which is difficult to make out. The poem on the right-hand side of the page is a first draft of the poem that appears on page 37. See image for details.]

Muzzy adventures of

Two travellers one rainy day
By chance passing the same way
Caught in a monstrous heavy shower
Had conversation for an hour –

Of course when strangers meet together
They first remark upon the weather
The goodness of their nags: the rate
Of prices charged of roads the state,

Next they discuss emancipation
The good or ill ‘t may do the nation
And then in turn they pull to Bits
The Foxes. Sheridans & Pitts

The [indecipherable] of course are fools
Their measures wholely void of rules –
A radical reform must be
Before we’ll have prosperity

The common subjects well [indecipherable] over
The rain [indecipherable]

I am not a man, so needs must be a woman
And I now call my muse to sing praises of no man
But inspire me fair dame thou sweet singing huzzy
To worthily sing the due praises of Muzzy

Shall I praise first his white hair so clean & so curly & strong
Or those pretty formed toddles so active & strong
or that Firm savage look he displays being surly

[The next two lines part crossed out.]
Or those stout legs so active that run over the ground
Or the That Frighten the Beetles & vermin aground
Or the form of his body the curl of his tail
Tho in doing each justice Im certain to fail

No one will deny that my dog is a beauty
performing in guarding his mistress his duty
His breeding is fine being or I am a noodle
Between English Spaniel dog & a French poodle

I think if a person could but see his face
When pleased, he would say it abounded with grace
A Beauty unusually looking intelligent Creature
Simmetrically Beauty in every Feature –

His ears hanging down just half hide an Eye
That in brightness & beauty with any might vie
Their color is hazel their quickness sight
Too [indecipherable] would surpass any Cat in the night

[Parts of the following verse crossed out and indecipherable.]
I allow him to sleep in my bed room all night to share in my bed and my board
I would not for all the world he should be dead
In wash [indecipherable] day in the Water of Roses
Which makes as well as the Eye please the noses

If you fancy my dog you must fancy perfection
In personal beauty in faithful affection
My husband I tenderly love but I declare
I’d losing my husband to Muzzy prefer

[Page 39]

I was in James Webbers garden in the company of himself and Brother when I received a most delightful Letter dated White Friars April 1830 – with your own pretty name at the Bottom of it, for which I here offer to you my most tender thanks as it afforded me the most grateful pleasure,

You will perceive I am granting the favor you so kindly requested namely writing to you, (The idea of such a thing it puts me much in mind of the Farce of Banishing a Scotchman from his Land of Oatmeal to one of Roast Beef & Plum Pudding. Be assured that in this Country I never feel more happy than when writing to any of my English relations & I dout that I ever the pleasure in a greater degree than at the present.

In the first place I must compliment you on your pleasing way of communicating your sentiments, for I never in my life read a letter to my taste so charmingly expressed at the same appearing to have given so little trouble to its author, I could hardly help taking a peep between the Bushes whilst reading to see whether your own dear self was not there with your own voice saying what I was reading. Now I really mean what I have written A good letter writer (is like a good Cook who can make a palatable dish out of a Bit of Shoe leather) makes agreable the Dullest subject, You have surpassed agreable in the pleasantest, I am truly happy to hear that my Aunt Cousins are all well [indecipherable] to after all your fine Youthful Romantic talking about milking a Cow & taking care of a few Sheep, you like a Bull do you, & exceedingly too, well who would have thought it I am What a Cut the very intelligence who had an idea than in this delightful Country I could have accommodated you in Both particulars, perhaps you are only joking & must tell you for information that I have a very little Bark hut open to wind & weather not much [indecipherable] with only myself in it

I wish I could draw for your sake as well as my own & I would certainly send you home some sketches of nature in her primitive forms, Oh how I wish that some Parts of New S Wales were as near to Chester as Brynyanking, Haute Belea [indecipherable] or the Frith & my own little Farm in the portion selected what lovely excursions we would have to view & wonder at the Freaks of Nature, For in this Country the has been bountiful in Caprice, & the observation that a Celebrated Roman author made on Africa may justly be here observed that Australia bring is always bringing to light some novelty For scarcely a day passes without shewing a something uncommon, unheard of, & against the laid down rules, which shews that from the fear of being thought credulous we should not reject as regarding new Countries any thing which is not physically impossible; In my own case I [indecipherable] that I considered as mere fables, the accounts of Flying fish, & Cameleon like Dolphin, but I saw, & believed –

You truly pay us Settlers no great compliment as to discernment or any thing else when you offer full prospectus offered by pure speculation four or five [indecipherable] or rather as you say Vergers over five & thirty, & I should be much inclined to doubt of the disposeability of such Articles; However on one condition I will concur & hereby promise to use my most earnest endeavours towards the furtherance of you scheme in getting the said Vergers properly & reputably matched off, which is that your self be Super cargo & altogether be consigned to me –
Great Lord, & if it be thy pleasure
Thus to destroy my hopes of treasure
I must obey and if I can
Bear misfortune like a man

[Page 40]

[Sketch of a house and a face.]

[Page 41]

[The left-hand page is written in pencil and is very hard to read. The right-hand page has some sketches, signatures and other notations.]

Whether or no I have before remarked to you the following circumstance I have my doubts, but however from the fear of my having omitted such a piece of Information
Many of the Trees of this curious Country retaining their leaves throughout the year, cast their outer Bark which peels off in the manner of skin from a Blister (Simile) of course before it falls it is as dry as can be this is a signal to the Sable inhabitants who from a superstition, fear will not move in the night season without a light, from a fear they say that devil devil will certainly catch them if they go without fire, firmly believing that this terrible deity will be deterred from approaching them while they have devil fire it about them; with great difficulty I persuaded a Black to accompany me from Townshends to my place; he pleaded in excuse devil devil; nearing dark and [atrocious?] and other similar excuses; At length tired of beseeching the beast I gave him full permission to go to the devil and said I did not want his company: after which he was as anxious to go as before he had been to evade it & I at length heartily glad admitted him to the honor of being my torch bearer; Once he shewed symptoms of great fear, asking me what made the noise, which I did not hear, he bustled onwards with increased rapidity until brought to a check by the barking of one of my dogs, I went to the place and to my companions great joy spied an opossum on the summit of a sapling which without difficulty we shook down & the dogs savaged him immediately; my gentleman reserving him but the next morning made an hearty meal of his sumptuous morceau.

[Page 42]

[Sketches of horses, faces, a gentleman, and buildings, including a house and garden.]

[Page 43]

[Sketch of a house, a horse, and a farmyard layout.]

[Page 44]

I do not know any race of men with more leisure yet less inclination to think than that of Single Settlers In every transaction they engage this feature is predominant: View the poor creature just exalted above the Aboriginal coming home to a miserable hut without a soul to meet & welcome him after a hard days labor partaking of a rough & uncomfortable meal & eating merely because he must do so to support life This alone would be sufficient to [blame?] him as a most unthinking being: how easy to amend it just take a wife my boy & immediately turn a desert into a fruitful garden a miserable abode into an Elysium. Surely the Contrast is great yet not overdrawn. Let anybody visit two Settlers with the Same means let one be Married and other Single & he will find the Picture by no means so. The prejudiced beings imagine that because Marriage is indissoluble it must be difficult to endure – yet I fancy few who have once tasted the Sweets of Matrimony would wish to return to single blessedness.

Marriage is of divine ordination, & one of the greatest blessings transmitted to mortals, by female society man is softened and harmonised dependent up one another for happiness the same wants and desires unite the married couple most delightfully: How truly unnatural to look around and behold in this country so many to whom its blessings are unknown, so many who from habit & want of association with the softer sex become rough & unpolished & pass this life without that greatest of all enjoyment proceeding from this state domestic felicity. All fully aware of it yet too indolent to take precautions against the continuance of it: Almost all pleasures flow from woman She can bring comfort & order where the contraries reigned absolute before her coming:

I hear some talking of going to England for a wife would not that be a libel upon the females of our adopted Country; where so many now fitting for all societies are daily maturing: Besides on the other hand any one who has known the happiness of a large family would prefer connecting himself here with a family of respectability whose society he might cultivate & would be the Cause of making his Spouse more content: I often think that a person must make use of a little deceit before he can prevail upon a body to renounce all her family & friends for him alone & to give up the comforts and luxuries she has been accustomed to for the hardships & Privations of a Settler’s life.

[Page 45]

[Page of accounts. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

Voysey Carpenter in acct with C Boydell

Jany – Cash in Sydney – 1/15/–
Passage & Expences up – 15/–
5th ½ lb Tobacco, 1/- 1 Btl Rum 5/- 6/–
18, 2 lb Sugar1/-, Ό Tea 1/0, 2 lbs paper, 2d, 2/2
20, 2 lb Sugar Ό Tea 1/- 2/-
Feby 11. 1 File 1 Saw set,
12. 1 lb Sugar 6, 6 [pence]
15. 2 Blankets 20/-, 7 yds Bed Tick 7/- 1/7/-
1 oz Thread 6, 21. Shirt 3/0 3/6
23. 1 lb Sugar 6 Ό Tea 1/- 1/6
March 1. 2 Sugar 1/0 7/ 1 Shirt 3/0 1 pr Shoes, 12/- 16/-
24. ½ Soap,

[Page 46]

[Page of accounts. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

1835 John Magee & Joseph Wilson Sawyers in account with Mr Boydell

March 5 Carried over
5th, 6 lbs Sugar 4/, 1 lb Tea 4/. ½ Tobacco 1/3. 9/3
8. 20 Flour 6/8. 12 Beef 4/ 10/8
11 14 Beef 4/8, ½ Bacco 1/3, 10 Sugar 6/8, 3 B Rum 15/ 1/7/7
17 10 Sugar 6/8, 1 lb B Suet /6, 7/2
19 20 Beef 6/8 (20) 30 lb flour, 10/ 1/ Tobacco 2/6, 19/2
22. 20 Beef 6/8, ½ Tea 2/, ½ Soap 5d, 9/1
[Insertion above next line:] Gin
23 1 Bottle Rum 5/. ½ Boots 5/. 10/-
27. 10 Beef 3/4, 9 lbs flour, 3/. ½ Soap 5d, B Rum 5/ 11/9
28 8 Beef, 2/8, 5 lb flour, 1/8 1 B Rum 4/4
Order drawn by Mr Wilson on Mr Smith, 2/-/-
do to myself on Mr Ts Store – 2/-/-

Septr 14th
John Magee by order on Mr Townshend’s Store in full of all demands 3/14/7½
Joseph Wilson on acct of sawing do 18/0
On account of Money received for him from the Savings bank 1/10/0
(Wilson’s order £2/8/0

[Page 47]

[Page of accounts. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

1835 James Smith. Enoch Frahey & Michael Fea in acct, with Mr Boydell

4th 2d. 24 lbs Beef, 8/- 36 lbs Flour, 10/6. 1 lb Sugar, 6/ ½ Tea 2/ 1/1/-
4 5 lbs Sugar 2/6, (5th) 1 Bottle Rum 5/. 7/6
7. 13 Beef 4/4. ½ tea 2/. ½ Tobacco 1/. 7/4
10 20 lbs flour 5/10. 4 Sugar 2/. (12th) 11 lb Beef 3/8. 11/6
12 ½ lb Soap 6/ 5/ (14th) 5 Sugar 2/6 ½ Tea 2/. 4/11
17 ½ Tobacco 1/. 2 Bs Rum 10/- 11/-
5 Bs Rum 25/- 1/5/-
17. ½ Tea, 2/. 18. 7 beef, 2/4. 20 flour 5/10. 9/10
19. 13 Beef 4/4, 3 Sugar 1/6. Ό Tea 1/. 6/10
21. ½ Tea 2/. 7 lbs Beef 2/4 4/4
22 6 lb Sugar, 3/. (23d) 14 Beef 4/8. 21 Flour 6, 1½ 13/9½
24 2 lb Sugar 1/ Ό Tea 1/. ½ Tobacco 1/. 3/-
26. 1 lb Tea 4/. 15 Beef 5/. (28th) 4 Sugar 2/ 30th ½ Tobacco 1/ [indecipherable insertion] 12/-
31. ½ lb Tea, 2/. 1 lb Sugar 6/. 2/6
April 2, 1 Bottle Rum, 5/. 10 lb Beef 3/4, 8/4
3. 8 lb Flour 2/4, 4 lb Sugar 2/, 13 lb Beef, 4/4 8/8
3d. 1 Bottle of Rum, 5/-
[Total:] [£]8/2/6½
Ap. 28th. Amt from Hancoks Store Book [£]6/16/5½
[Total] [£]14/19/0

July 3d, Store Book £15/3/2
Balance – 18/0/7 [In margin:] 9
3d June 1835 Settled by Checque on Bank of Australia

Augt. 25th 1835. Recd from Mr Boydell by Checque on Bank of Australia, Five pounds eleven shillings & nine pence Sterling in full of all demands for work undertaken by Smith Humphreys & myself.
Michael Fea X his mark
Witness. F Allman

To 1Ύ acres of Trenching at £16 per acre [£]28/0/0
To 1 1/3 acre Stumping , at 20/, 1/15/0
16 Rods of New Fence at 1/9, 1/8/0,
27 Rods at 8, 18/0
[Total:] [£]32/3/0

April 28th, 1835
Recd from Mr Boydell as per acct above Eighteen pound. Four Shillings Balance of above named accounts, by Checque on Bank of Australia £14/-/-
order on Mr Townshends Store, 4/4/-
[Total:] [£]18/4/0
James Smith X his mark
Witness, Thos Hancock

July. 3 days work at 5/. 15/-
32½ Rod of Fence at 1/9 – 2/8/9
Finishing Building – 30/0/0
[Total:] [£]33/3/9
[Subtract] 15/3/2
Balance 18/0/7

150 Slabs – 15/0
Barn £10/0/0
1900 Shingles – 1/6/6
[Total:] 12/1/6

5/11/9. paid by
Agt 25th 1835 Ch. on Bank of Australia

[Page 48]

March Sheep account,

Bates – 341 Ewes,
Byrnes. 520 Wethers
Rose, 289 Ewes
[Ditto] 61 Rams
1 fat do
Higgins 415. Lambs,
Wood 112 pure Ewes,
3. Crawlers,
1742 Total,

[Page 49]

[Page of accounts. Some items ticked or altered. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

John Magee Sawyer in acct with Mr Boydell,
1834 £/S./D
Decr. 7. 8 lbs beef, 2/8, 12 lb Flour 4/. 2. Sugar 1/4. 8/-
Ό Tea, 1/. Ό Tobacco 7½, 1/7½
9. 9 [10] lb Beef 3/4 10 lb Flour 3/4, 6 lb Sugar 4/ ½ lb Tea 2. 12/8.
½ lb Tobacco 1/3.14th) 12 lb Beef 4. 20 lb Flour 6/8 11/11
4 lb Sugar, 2/8/ Ό Tea 1/. 3 lb Mutton 1/. 4/8
½ Pint Vinegar, 9d. (21st) 2 Bottles Rum 10/. 10/9 3
9 lbs Beef 3/. 12 Flour, 4. 6. Sugar 4, ½ Tea 2 13/-.
25: 12 lb Beef 4. 1 Bottle Rum 5. 2 lb Sugar 1/4, 10/4
28. 14 Beef 4/8. Ό Tobacco 7½ 4 lb Sugar 2/8 Ό Tea 1. 8/11½
30. 1 Bottle Wine, 5/., 8 lb Flour 2/8. 7/8

Jany 1st. 12 lb Flour. 4/. 4th. 14 Flour 4/8. 4 Sugar 2/8 ½ Tea 2. 13/4
½ lb Tobacco 1/3 8 lbs Beef. 2/8 3/11
5. 8 Beef 2/8, 2 Bs Rum 10/. 12/8
11 6 Beef 2/. 2 lb Sugar 1/4. 8 Flour 2/8. 6/–
13. 3. Sugar 2/. Ό Tea 1/. 1 lb Sugar, 8d. 3/8
18 6 Flour 2/. 6 Beef. 2/ 3 Sugar 2/ Ό Tea 1/ Ό Tobacco 7½ 7/7½
26. 2 Sugar 1/4. ½ Tea 2/. 8 Beef 2/8. 6/–
27 6 Flour 2/. 8 Beef 2/8, (29th) 2 Sugar, 1/4. 6/-
30 8 Beef 2/8. Ό Tobacco 7½ (31st) 8 Beef 2/8 2 Sugar 1/4, ½ Tea 1/ 7/3½
Feby. 1st. 6 lb Beef 2. 6 Flour 2/, (2nd) 5 Sugar, 3/4 ½ Tea 2. 9/4
13 lb Beef 4/4, 11 lb Flour 4/- ½ Tobacco 1/3. 9/7
5. 14 Beef 4/8. 3 Suet, 1/6. 20 Flour, 6/8. 12/10
8. 14 Flour 4/8. 15 Beef. 5/-. 5 Sugar 3/4 Ό Tea 1/ ½ Tob 1/3 15/3
12. 1 lb Soap, 10d. 14 Beef. 4/8. (15th) 8 Beef 2/8. 2 Sugar 1/4 9/10 4
Ό Tea 1/. ½ Tobacco 1/3. (17th) 10 Sugar 6/8. Ό Tea 1/. 9/11
17. ½ Tobacco 1/3. 50 Flour, 16/8. 34 Beef, 11/4 1/9/3.
Mending Shoes (1/2), 1/2
Wilson Joined
22nd. ½ Tea 2/. 23d. 12 Beef 4/. 27. 12 Beef 4 10/-
27. ½ T/Bacco 1/3 1/3.
March 2 4 Sugar, 2/8. 3d. 20 Beef 6/8. 30 Flour. 10/. 19/4

[Right-hand page:]
£ S. D
1st receipt, 702 –
27 308
649, ½,
Deduct for Powell 3 wks, 2320

March 1st Deaman last of the Pine [£]8/12/-
2 Scantling 11 ft long. 22 -
12 do. 10 ft long. 120
18 Bds, 6 in, 11 ft [long] 98
[Total] 230 [£]1/3/-
Wilson fired
(Mistake) 40 ft 4/-

Magee £2/1/0 8/12/-
Wilson 2/0/0 1/3/-


[Page 50]

[Page of accounts. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

Nov 1834. Ryan Sawyer in acct with Mr Boydell,
Brot over
Nov 15th. ½ pint of Rum 1/6
13. 2 lbs Sugar, 1/4. Ό Tea, 1/. 4 qts Beer, 3/4. 3 Flour 1/. 6/8
13. 14 lb M Meal 1/9. 1 qt Beer, 10. 2/8
14. 3 7 qts Beer, 6/8 (15th) 13 lb Beef, 4/4, 3 qts Beer. 2/6 13/6
15. 2 qts Beer 1/8. ½ lb Soap, 5d. 13 Thread, 6d. 2/7
16. 3 qts Beer 2/6. 2 lb Sugar 1/4. Ό Tea 1/. 12 lb flour, 4 8/10
16. 2 qts Beer, 1/8. 2 lb Sugar 1/4 Ό Tea 1/. 4/-
18. 10 lbs Beef. 2/4, 8 lbs flour, 2/8. 3. Sugar 2/. Ό Tea 1. 8/-
18. 2 qts Beef [Beer] 1/8 1/8
21. 7 Beef, 2/4. 22. 1 qt Beer 10d, 10 lb flour 3/4 6/6
21. 10. Beef, 3/4. 4 lb Sugar, 2/8. 4 oz Tobacco 1/3. 7/3
22. 14 qts Beer, 11/8. 23d) 1 qt Beer, 10. 12/6
1 + [cross] Cut Saw, 50/.

[Right-hand page:]

Brot over

Brot over, £/S/D,
W. Boards,
W Cedar Boards 4000 £20

[Page 51]

Septr, Early in this Month, arrived at my Farm where things considered were in tolerable order after one of the most painful journies I ever experienced. For dreadfully weak & ill all the time and roads rough tho in a Tandem I had enough of it, The first place upon the Hunter I arrived at I found appetite and comparative health, and continued from that time to get gradually better, my Vine planting of last yr was most fortunate Every plant grew & flourished,
8th Nov Finished a good Sheep Shearing about 3800 of wool and commenced Harvest upon a crop of Wheat than which better has never been here,
The Season has latterly been most exceedingly dry and everything at present appears parched, the promises of Tobacco is by no means good, Have been over at Glendon & got my Horse Sir Edward from thence, He certainly is a handsome creature
Mr Rusden accompanied me over, and did not seem to grudge his trip, Mr Campbell has been appointed Police Magistrate at Maitland &c and I spent a most pleasant day with Him and his most agreable Wife –

20th Jany 1835,
Wheeler £3/3/6
Edwards, 5,/0
Order on Store Wilson 1./0./0

[Page 52]

[Page of accounts. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

1834 Charles Edwards in acct £/S/D,
June 3d, 2 lbs Sugar, 1/. 4 lbs Hogs lard, 2/ 19th 1 lb Sugar 6. 2 oz Tea. 6. 5/-
July. 3. 3½ Pork, 1/9 (17th) 1 lb Hogs Lard, 6. 6½ lb Pork, 3/3 5/6
13. ½ Boots, 12/. (20th) 1 lb Sugar 6. 2 oz Tea 6. 3½ Pork 1/9 14/9
21. 2 Sugar, (23) 3½ Pork. 1/9, (25th) 3½ Pork, 1/9. 4 Pork 2/ 6/6
27 Beef Suet 1 lb, 6d. 28th, 50 lbs Pork 20/- 1/0/6
Septr 8, 1 pr Kay Shoes 12/. (21st) 1 Sugar, 6. 2. Tea 6. 13/-
24 2 Sugar, 4 oz Tea, 1/ (28), 2 lbs Hogs Lard, 6d 1/ 2 oz Tea 6. 3/6
Hat from Short, 6/. 2 lb Sugar 1/. 7/-
Novr, 10. 2 qts, Beer, 1/8, 3 qts, do, 2/6 4/2
Septr 13. Checque on Bank of Australia 2/10/-
1 Bottle of Rum 5/-
Novr 15th 1 Bottle of Rum 5/-
12th. 1 lb Sugar, 6. (14) 5 qts Beer, 4/2, 1 qt Beer 10 5/6
15. 2 qts Beer, 1/3, 16. 2 qts Beer 1/8. 17. 1 q. do. 10. 4/2
20. 2 qts Beer 1/8. 2 qts beer 1/8. 8 oz Tea 2/. 5/4
22. 1 qt Beer. 10, 1 qt do 10. 2 do 1/8 3/4
26 1 lb Sugar, 6. 2 Tea 6. 1/-
Cask 13/9
do (from Wheeler) [indecipherable] 12/-

[Right-hand page.]
1834. John Edmonds in acct. £ S. D
June 20 4 lb Pork. 2/. (Augt 6th, 1 lb Sugar 6 2 oz Tea 6, 3/-
Augt 7. 1 Sugar 6. 3 oz Tea 9, 30 [indecipherable] pr of Shoes 10/. 11/3
30. 1 Sugar 6. 2 oz Twea. (Septr 3) 1 lb Sugar 6 2 oz Tea 6 2/-
Sept 21 2 Sugar 1/. (Octr 10th) 2 lb B Suet 1/. 2 lb Sugar 1/. 3/-
Oct 21. 3 Sugar 1/6. 4 oz Tea, 1/
Nov 1. 3 oz Tea, 9. 2 qts Beer, (10th) 2 qts Beer, 1 pr Shoes, 14/1
Octr 1 Bottle of Rum 5/-
Sept, By order on Mr Townshend’s Store 1/-/-
Novr 12 4 lbs Sugar, 2/. 1 qt Beer, 10/ 2/10
By order from J Wheeler.

By mths Wages £7/0s/0d
By order from Wheeler 6/-
To be ducted 5/-
By Cash 9./10
Balance due £4./0./0
By Checque on Australia – Settled
Mr Townshend’s Store.
Williams, £2./16./6
Ch. Edwds. 1./5/-
Wilson 1./1./6
from Black 1½ 2 oz 12./6
James Logan 2/0./8

[Page 53]

Novr 6th, Sent 7 Bales of Wool to Messrs Aspinall & Brown, wgt gr,1554 lb,
14 7 Bales of wools (of pure [indecipherable]) 1750 lbs,

[Page 54]

[Page of accounts. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

Septr 1834. Ryan Sawyer in acct with Mr Boydell
To a Rip Saw 2/0/0
Septr 18th, 12 lbs Beef, 4/. 12 lb Flour, 4/, 3 lbs Sugar 2/. 10/-
20. 9 lbs Beef, 3/ Ό Tea 1/. 6 lbs Beef 2/, 8 lbs Sugar, 5/4 11/4
1 lb Tea 4/ 1 lb Shot 10d, 4/10
21st 3 lbs Beef, 1/0. 12 lbs Beef 3/- 15 lbs Salt, 2/6 6/6
24 4 lbs Beef 1/4. Ό Tea 1/. (25th) 10 lbs M. Meal, 1/3. 3/7
26th 2lbs Sugar, 1/4. 27th, 2 lbs Sugar 1/4. 4 oz Tea 1/. 3/8
28. 2 lbs Hog’s Lard. 1/- 24 lbs Flour, 8/. 4 lbs Sugar, 2/8. 4 oz Tea 1/- 12/8
29. 10 lbs Beef, 3/4 3/4
Oct. 3d 4 oz Tobacco, 1/3. 4th, 8 lbs Sugar 5/4. 1 lb Tea, 4/ 10/7
5th. 4 lbs Sugar 2/8. 8 oz Tea 2/ 6 lbs Beef, 2/-. 1 Bottle of Rum 5/- 11/8
8 2 lbs Sugar, 1/4, 4 oz Tea 1/-, 11th 4lbs Sugar, 2/8, 20 lbs M Meal, 2/6 7/6.
[8] 8 lbs Beef, 2/8, M Meal 2 Bottles Beer 5/- 7/8
12th 20 lbs M Meal, 2½ lbs H Lard, 1/3, 13th, ½ lb Tea, 2/ 3/3.
15 2 lbs Sugar, 1/4, 2 Bottles of Rum, 10/. 1. P Knife 1/- 12/4
2 Iron Dogs from Blacksmith – Ό of Twine,
20, 13 lbs Beef, 4/4. 4 lbs Sugar, 2/8, 1 Bottle of Rum, 5/- 12/-
23d 4 Beef. 1/4. 2 lbs Sugar, 1/4 ½ lb Tea, 2/-, 2 Bs Rum, 10 – 14/8
½ pint of Rum 1/6. 3 Bt Ale 7/6, 9/-
24. 13 Bts Ale 3/2 32/6, 2 lbs Sugar, 1/4. 4 oz Tea, 1/. 1/14/10
25th, 5 lbs Beef, 1/8. 4 lbs Sugar, 2/8, (26th) 24 lbs Flour, 8/-. 13/4
26. Ύ of Tea 3/ 5 lbs Sugar, 3/4. 6/4
27. Ό Tobacco. 1/3, ½ lb Tea, 2/. 2 lbs Sugar, 1/4. 4/7
28. ½ Tea, 2/ (29th) 18 lbs Beef 6/. 3 lbs Sugar 2/. 3 lbs paper, 3d. 10/3
[28] 1 Bottle of Rum 5/-
Novr. 1st 8 lbs Flour, 2/8. Ό ToBacco 1/3. 3/11
2. 5 lbs Sugar, 3/4. 1 Bottle of Rum, 5/. 3d 11 lbs Beef 3/8. 3lbs Sugar, 2/ 14/-
3. 6 lbs flour, 2/. Ό Tea, 1/ (4th) 12 lbs Beef 4/ 10 M Meal 1/3 8/3
4. 8 lbs flour 2/. (5th) 4 Sugar, 2/8 (6) Ό Tea, 1/ 7 Beef 2/4 7/-
7 2 lbs flour, 8d 8 lbs M Meal 1/. 8 Beef, 2/8. 2 Sugar 1/4 5/8
7 1 lb Sugar, 8d / 9th 1 lb Shot, 2 qts Beer, 1/8. 3 lbs Sugar 2. 4/4
9th. Ό Tea 1/ 12 lbs Beef. 4/. (10th) 3 qts Beer, 2/6 (12th) 8 flour 2/8 10/2
10 lbs Beef. 3/4 3/4

[Right-hand page.]
Septr Scantling Recd 340 ft –
Octr, Sundries – 589. –
27. 66 Fl. Boards. 10 ft. 7 – 370. 2,
[27] 4 Battens 10. 4 – 10 4.
[27] 57. Rafters, 10. 5 – 592, 11.
[27] 3 do 10. 4 31. –
Novr 5th. 31 Cedar Bds 180
30 Rafters 330
7 Sundry Stuff Cedr. 260
15 Rafters 165

[Page 55]

October 4th 1834. Wager Made between John McLean Esqr of Williams River, & Alexr Park Esqr of Lewins brook, Whereby J McLean maketh wager of Ten guineas against A Park that A Park does not go home to England in the space of Five years with Six thousand Pounds Sterling And A Park accepts the Same
[Signed:] J MLean Alexr Park
Witness to the Signatures Charles Boydell.

10th, Bal from Mr Webber, to the amt of £30 –
payable Bill at 3 mths,
due, 19th January.

March 5th 100. Webber,
100 Bank – 3 mths

25th 3 mth after date Messrs Scott £70 –

[Page 56]

[Continued from page 57.]

Mr Rose’s is infamous and requires the greatest possible care to get through with Safety, we were obliged to trust to the Shaft Horse, and it was most harassing work to him, For 4 – 5 miles before reaching Mr Rs Farm the Land is very bad, but a perceptible amelioration takes place upon having past the gap and you are soon upon his Farm. We made the journey to the T, for to attempt passing the gap in Darkness with a Vehicle would be madness, About ½ an hour after Sun down we arrived at Mr Roses hospitable mansion, He himself was confined to his bed with a Sprained knee, but however he gave the necessary orders that we should have everything that there was, a pretty supply We required too for there were 5 of us, Messrs Riley, Elton, Manning McKenzie & Self & we were all comfortable enough for Travellers,

The Yas [Yass] River runs by Mr Rs, and we had to cross it this morning the 7th, Every thing was taken out of the gig and I left to drive it over, upon the Horses reaching the water they were so thirsty that Drink they must and the Shafter having rubbed his bridle off, by the leader’s tree, I jumped into the water which was very cold to put it right, I had to be some time on the other side without Shoes & Stockings, which laid the Seed for the most tremendous Cold I ever had and from which I am still suffering.

The day was wet and Cold and from the chance of accidents, we had to stay for Two nights in a Stockmans Hut on the Murrumbidgee before Mr Rileys people could hear anything of us. It rained nearly all this time and was miserable enough. I was much dissappointed in the Country about this far famed River, The Flats are small the Hills High & Barren looking almost covered with Lime Stone, abearing no other Trees than the most Stunted Honeysuckles, and here & there The only thing to releive the absolute looking sterility of the Place a very small Curruman, We crossed the The River itself is beautiful, wide, and clear, It was swollen when we were there ad unfordable in conveyances

The Horses were driven in and did pretty well, The luggage and ourselves were conveyed in a New Zealand Canoe which had been sent there more as a plaything than anything else. A Mile or two from the River the country improves and becomes open Forest like that on the Upper Hunter; and at about 8 miles you come to Mr Rileys Station which is one of the nicest places for certain purposes that I have seen, The Hut is built rather too low for me, a Swamp or Flooded flat coming up to the little ½ circular Fence, The Weather was very wet, and every time that you go out in such Weather, you get wet feet as a matter of course, My Cold increased dreadfully here I had not a day’s health, consequently not a day’s enjoyment,

We were here eleven days, Horribly long they seemed to me, and the day of departure was to me as joyful as liberty can be to a prisoner; The first day we nearly lost in +ing [crossing] the Murrumbidgee, and one Horse was swept down the Stream for full ½ a Mile and got out much against all our expectations, It was nearing Sun down before we could leave Sam Taylors. The consequence of which was as the road was not of the clearest that we lost it and had it not been for a handy Sheep Station, might have been out all night but one of Mr H Humes Shepherds Shewed us the way to Davies’ Public House where we got something to eat and with the help of another guide got safely to Rose’s at ½ past ten, and had to knock him up out of his bed; Davies’ public is on Murrumbateman plains which are undulating and very pretty.

[Page 57]

Septr. 1834. Arrived from my Farm in Sydney about the 28th of June after a ride without adventure over the Mountains, Staid there rather more than a week which I spent most [agreeably] from the Kindness of my Friends, Gaytime of Year Balls and Parties almost nightly; I then went to Illawaru [Illawarra] or the Five Islands to see Mr Wilkinson to conclude with him about his Sheep, Cattle &c, Staid there one day which was passed away most pleasantly in riding about there and viewing the most pretty & peculiar Scenery Mountain, Sea, and beautiful Brush, I returned to Sydney by Denham Court where I staid a night and reached Sydney to attend for a Ball at G H [Government House] which I found most pleasant in every way –

Remained in Sydney 10 days from that time and then by way of Parramatta, accompanied by J G Blaxland [John Gregory Blaxland (1801-1884)?] went to G Cox’s calling on our way at Sir John, H Cox’s & Edwd Cox. none of whom we found at Home, Spent a delightful day at Mulgoa, and the next Mng Started for Raby calling at Mr Savage’s on the way who has a daughter who should have any other name for where is her equal?

Aug 1st arrived at Raby in time to accompany Mr Riley to a Public dinner at Campbell Town for the Purpose of establishing a Turf Club where Black leggism on any thing approaching to Black guardism should be utterly excluded at pretty & correct principle but miserably hard to be come at; An immensity of speaking perfectly uninteresting to both John B & myself took place, nearly all got drunk, and then commenced flattering one another Every Speaker such a highly respectable assemblage, what credit to the District, why should they not be social, They would be, never quarrel again no never, One shd give a Party the next day to all present, another volunteered all were beautifully good natured, one Family, but John B & Self having the good luck to belong to their happy Family were forgotten, and not taking the same interest in their pretty behaviour, perfectly tired of the whole left them about two am to walk until Rileys Carriage should overtake us, We did so and measured over full seven miles & still no Carriage was heard, we remained ½ an hour in the Cold before any we could even See the lights which we did when at least two miles distant, got to Raby about 5. am after certainly not having spent a pleasant day Passed the next day at Raby, and pleasantly but rather tired from the effect of no sleep the night before,

3d Augt – Started for Argyleshire, in Tandem, 5 Horses 2 Servants Between us, Drove my Horses the First day to Laptons Thirty miles, and Staid there the night comfortably & the road had been good –

4th, To Beadmans 40 miles, dined at Bong Bong Road nearby all tho from the late rains, Boggy & infamous. over Mittagong had to put to another Horse so Boggy and Steep, and plenty for all of them –

5th, To Goulburn, 27 miles, road Boggy, but good otherwise, Twice Bogged had to take every bit of Harness from the Shaft Horse & lift the gig from him, late in the evening to our destination, the Wollondilly was very high, and came into the gig, Dined at the Inn and I went over to see the Allmans and drank Tea there,

6th, To Mr Rose’s 50 miles of execrable Road first Twenty excepted, to Charley the Blacksmiths, The Road Country improves here most perceptibly, Goulburn Plains themselves are to my Fancy exceedingly pretty, Bredalbane [Breadalbane] Plains where Mr Chisholm has a Station still more so and the whole Country with some exception is open and seems adapted to grazing, I did not see many Sheep to form an opinion by. The Cattle looked tolerably well but the late rains much against them, The gap before you get [to]

[Continued on page 56.]

[Page 58]

[Notation of accounts. See original for details.]

Septr. 1834.
13th Charles Edwards, Ch on B of A, 2/10/-
William Jones – do – 4/-/-
2 Cows do. Mr Townshds. Store, 2/-/-
20th John Edmunds do do. 1/-/-
Rapsey £5.

[Page 59]

[Page of accounts. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for details.]

16th June
Patrick McMahon in account with C Boydell.
To Sundries drawn from Store, £3./16./0.
To manufacturing, 2000 lbs Tobacco. £7/0/0.
To making, 2000 Segars. – 1./10./0
[Total] 8./10/-
for Contra – 3./16./-
Balance due to McMahon £4/14./-
Received the Balance by Checque on Bank of Australia
Patt, McMahon

Fresh Contract, at 8/- per Cwt
July 28th, ½ lb Salts, 1/-. (6th Augt) 4 oz Tea 1/. 20. 1 lb Sugar 6. 2/6
Augt, 20 4 oz Tea 1/. 29th 4 oz Tea 1/. (Sept, 4) 1 lb Sugar 6. 4 Tea 1. 3/6
Septr 13. 1 lb Tobacco 2/. (19th) 1 lb Sugar 6. 4 oz tea, 1/. pr of Shoes 12/ 15/6
23. ½ lb Salts, 1/. (25th) 1 lb Sugar 6. 1/6
Octr 2. 2 lb Sugar, 1/. (10) 1 lb Sugar 6. (23d) 2 lbs Sugar 1/ 2/6
1 Bottle of Rum, 5/ (24th. 6 Bts Ale 15/ 2 Sugar 1/ 1/1/-
24 4 oz Tea 1/. (Nov. 10th) 7 qts. Beer 5/10. 6/10
Nov. 11 5 qts Beer, 4/2, (14) 6 qts 5/. 9/2
15 9 qts Beer 7/6, 16th, 9 qts, 7/6 15/0
17 2 qts Beer, 1/8. (20.) 4 qts, 3/4. (26th) 1 lb Sugar 6d. 5/6
2 Bts Rum, 10. Order on Mr. Ts Store 60/ 3/10/-
1 lb Sugar, 2 oz Tea 1/-
[Total] 7/13/0

By 2427 lbs Tobacco at, 8/ per 100,
[Deduct] 7/13/0
Decr. 15th 1834 Settled, Patt McMahon

[Right-hand page. Livestock and crop tallies. Figures not transcribed. See original for details.]

15 June
Brot from the other side of the last Page
[Tally of males and females branded E, B and WS, dates 6, 15 and 16 June.]

Muster of Mrs Frankland’s Cattle, June 1834.
[Cows, Heifers, Bullocks, Steers; male and female Calves; deceased; total.]
[Similar figures for cattle belonging to Mr Stubbs.]
Sent to Glendon, 4th Decr 1834 CB.

2427 lbs Tobacco at 8s/ per 100. 9/14/0
476 Balance 7/13/0
[Difference] £2/1/0

[Further notation of stock numbers and other calculations. See original for details.]

[Page 60]

June 4th. John Allman did me the pleasure of his company most of last week, and left me on Monday to attend Court, had to send down Powell for theft Tobacco & sacking having been found upon him which he could not account for Sentenced to 50 lashes. Charles Edwards, and John Edmonds both being advertised for tickets hires the 1st for 6th mths, at £16 per annu[m] and Govt ration.
The 2nd, do. at 14 per an[num] do do –
Shall I hope finish Wheat Sowing tomorrow between 40 & 50 acres, intend to brand the Cattle purchased from Webber tomorrow & to make a beginning of the Farm Stock, Finished trenching Vinyard, received some most beautiful & valuable Vine Cuttings from Webber. Sent by Park for which gratia
Horses going on well delighted with my Toss purchase

One of the Bullocks purchased from Webber broken in and promises well. I do not know when I myself have been so industrious as for the last 2 mths. Every day at Work at something or other, and find myself all the better for it, My feelings are perfectly reversed from what they were 6 mths ago, when I was disgusted with the Farm & everything connected with it for at time nothing would grow and everything looked as bad as things could look; Pure Sheep are some of them Lambing, mine already dropped, must be the produce of their own Sons however the blood is pure for no other Sheep ever were near them, The Black-leg seems now to have almost exhausted itself. Few if any examples occurring. The first frost happened last night & I this morning felt it to advantage, for I was obliged to go after my working Bullocks myself at daylight and found them with some trouble for they were scattered in all directions in the highest Hills,

June 6th Branded, 26 purchased at Sale, CB
From my own Manny, Columbus, Downhip – 3. CB
From Ws – 1 Branded Female. do –
From F. – 1 Male. & 1 Female. do –
From. E. – 4 Males. 2 Females, E
From Ws – 2 Male. 2 females Ws
Then only leaving 2 Fs. to go on for next time for [indecipherable]
and 1 Ws – do do

7th. Planted beautifully and marked properly the following choice assortment of Vines –
75. French cuttings, 16 Varieties. Busby
51. Verdeilhio (Verdeilho) – or Madeira White grape
8 Tinta, real and true
8 Ramanah – [the last two entries bracketed together:] Mr Jones
4 White Constantia
3, Dunns Sherry.
1 Rooted Constantia (imported)
[The remaining items in the list bracketed together under the date:] 12th.
22. Zante Currant –
12 9 21 in different places, 12 in one 9. in another
White Muscadine.
61 Black Damascus,
24. Red Muscadell,
abt. 150, Black oporto, Wastage Mislaid

13th: All my wheat is a week ago. and getting ground ready for Barley; Been over at Glendon Corinda & Patricks Plains, returned with J Allman and Nat Powell, Commenced splitting shingles for New House; Had 1250 Bricks from Townshds. to build the Chimney; Planted a great many rooted Vines, & Trees of various kinds; P Hughes and his Man came over to saw up some Cedar for me; One of my Pure Ewes died long sickly.
10 yg lambs, one reared as Pet in House –

[Page 61]

[Continued from page 62]

April 25th. Rainy also, dined with Captn Forbes and met Mr Wilton, Scott, H Glennie and Pickey, pleasant evening

26th, After enduring a wet & uncomfortable ride arrived Home to Solitude, Found a letter from Williamson which I answered, and others of minor importance,

27th. Dreadfully rainy all day, Prayers, but no nothing, and felt joyed enough at nights coming

28th. Mr Campbell arrived to Breakfast, and as the day was fine took him a ride to view the Country, at which he seemed pleased –

29th, Went with him to Scotts, after some difficulty in +ing [crossing] the Paterson, 30th, Rode with him and Captn Forbes to view the different public buildings & dined with White Surveyor at Forbes Slept at Scotts.

30th. Arrived home, Commenced wheat Sowing Earlier by one day than Ever,

7th. Went down to Townshends Store to order supplies, Called at Mr Corys not at Home at Mr Boughtons where I got as many oranges as I could eat grown in their garden, arrived Home late in evening to dinner,

9th, Things all going on pretty well in wheat Sowing &c, about 10 acres in and ground in good order, K McKenzie here, reading Ruben Apsley ["Reuben Apsley" by Horace Smith, published in 1827] or else most likely the above journal would not have been written

26th. 20th Townshend returned from Sydney and Brot lots of news, F Allman J Webber & McKenzie called here & dined & staid, afterwards J A & NP.

Getting on with wheat Sowing well, nearly 40 acres sown. Hired Charley Edwards at £16 per year and government ration, Thomas Garland & his Wife
May 1834 Transferred from Mr Wilton’s service arrived to give them £10 per annum from the 1st June –

Attended Webbers sale on the 23d & purchases the following Lots,
[There appear to be two sets of calculations, slightly overlapping, on this page. See original for details. Pound, shilling and pence amounts presented separated by / for clarity.]
Toss Colt – £26/0/0
10 Steers – at 20/- – 10/-/-
10 Cows – 40/- – 20/-/-
10 Bullocks, 52/6 – 26/5/-
6 Rams – 39/- – 11/14/-
3 Rams. – 37/- – 9/5/-
2 old Ploughs. & a Harrow – 14. – 14/-
6 Bows. 3 yokes with Ring Bolts – 1/-/-
[Total:] £104/18/-
[Subtract:] 11/14/-
[Total:] £93/4/-

[In left-hand margin:]
17 14
26 5
43 19

Sold to Townshend 6 Rams, 40/. £6 12
Park – 2 do – 42/. 4./4./-
1 Cow, Sold again – 1./10./-
[Total of amounts above:] £11 17/14/-

Captn Anley has lent me his Carpenter for a time and I am employing him in building me a dining Room – in rather decent style! Exchanged the Roan Horse purchased from Messrs Scott, for Sir Edward a Toss. with Jones giving him, Five Pounds to boot, Reced from Mr Wighton Six Pounds, on account of Mr Campbell & paid it to Jones £5.14. for Hire of 2 Horse, 14 days at 8/ per day

Settled with Dimmoke [Dimmock] and paid him his amount by Cheque on Bank of Australia; A goodly assemblage were were at Tocal sale considering the very unpropitious state of the Weather Everything fetched good price except the Horse I purchased which in my opinion would be cheap at £40 – Up at John Webbers & spent a pleasant evening, He has sold his Farm to Townshend for £1000, I almost wonder how a man can bring himself to part with a place of his own making, Nothing but the solitary life he has led there, can I should think reconcile him.

[Page 62]

1834 May April
I surely am becoming more indolent or I shd never think of letting this most valuable repository of anecdotes of a life so well worth preserving be so very blank. – Many things have happened since I last applied Pen for this purpose but alas forgotten, and in nowise likely igitur [therefore] to enlighten Posterity. On the 17th Ulto [last month] attended the Sessions at Maitland to appeal against a fine for absence in the previous ones when I had been summoned as a Juror; Splendid lot to Sit with all sorts of animals, many of whom make up their minds before entering Court to acquit everyone.

Slept at Mr Duns on my way and spent a most pleasant evening, after appealing to the purpose In great pain rode down to Newcastle, (owing to a most severe fall from my Horse in the morning) found there Townshend who Poor fellow had been detained there for nearly a week from the want of a conveyance to Sydney. Sea running high, & Wind con [contrary?] – He poor man just having been aware of his being a Father anxiously wishing to kiss his first born & greet her from whom his dear little daughter came was on the tenterhooks of fidgets, and by no means in that an enviable state of mind, Drank tea with Mrs Scott that evening, tho obliged to borrow a stick to hobble with. Next morning the Steamer arrived and with Mr Campbell A.D.C to his Excellency, who upon an official tour of inspection commenced business at Newcastle, Saw the Wiltons quite well and dined at Mrs Scotts.

19th, In company of Campbell left Newcastle Staid at W Scotts Island to look at it & then taking the way by Ealy, came to Green hills and after calling upon Mr Close, inspected the New Road and Iron Gang, The Road will be excellent – a better line could not have been selected, and the work seems to be done as it should be, the Gang itself is comfortably lodged in moveable Wooden Boxes, or Huts, each capable of keep lodging 20 men which are locked every night, the Military live in Bark Huts around, 3 of whom are always on guard, The Behaviour of these men considering their kind is wonderfully good; Passing Muirs we found that officers forming the Military jury had taken up their quarters there and we after calling upon the Anleys joined them to an excellent dinner,

Sunday, Hired a Four Wheeled conveyance and with Mr Faunce of the 4th [4th Regiment of Foot]. Called at Lethbridge, and Duguids and returned to Cpn Anleys to Daines, rain

21st, So Rainy that nobody could think of stirring and passed the day in watching the different Drunkards of which there were a great quantity, Had some famous fun with it Some Drunk [Thespians?] One of whom spouted from Shspeare [Shakespeare], in great Style,

22nd to Lethbridge, Staid all night,

23. Found the River high so went up to Daltons, calling upon & dining with Mr Duguid whose kind hospitality was almost too much for me, & who accomp[anied] me after dinner nearly the whole way, He certainly is a most agreable person, and no one cd recognize the staid looking teller of the Bank of Australia and in the pleasant merry conversational Duguid Settler, as the same person, Staid at Duttons and Bought from Him a Horse for 6 Rams which he is to break in for me

24th. Lunched at Captn Forbes’ who has a very nice neat Gentlemanlike Cottage & who gave Messrs Scott, Dutton, Pickey & Self a most capital Lunch. He dined with us afterwards, rainy.

[Continues on page 61]

[Page 63]

[Page of accounts. Pounds, shilling and pence amounts presented as £/s/d for clarity.]

April 1834 P Hughe’s Sawyer in account –
14. lbs of Flour , 8 lbs Beef, 1 lb Sugar 2 oz Tea
14. lbs of Flour, 2½ yds of Fustian, 2 Ch Shirts
8 lbs beef, 8 lbs Beef, 14 lbs Flour 2 lbs Sugar
3½ yds of Calico, 3 qts 1 pt of Rum
11 qts Porter, 1lb Sugar, 2 oz Tea
By Cash – 2/6

March 27th. 5 lbs Beef, 30th 4 lbs Beef. 2 lbs Sugar 14 lbs flour,
April 1st. 1 Fig Tobacco, 3d 1 fig, 5th. 1 Fig, 14 lbs flour, 2 lbs Sugar
5th 8 lbs Beef, 4 lbs Sugar, 8th, 1 Fig. 10 Fig 4 lbs Sugar
12. 8 lbs Beef, 1 lb B Suet, 2 lbs Sugar, 13 ½ lb Tobacco
13 3½ yds Calico,

May 23d Ch in favor of Jones £5/0/0
Dimmoke – 4/-/-

Buckley Threshing
March 30th To 5 lbs Beef. April 2. 4 lbs Beef. 2 lbs Sugar ½ Tobacco 5/1
April 5. 14 lbs Flour. 9 lbs Beef. 11th. 2 lbs Sugar, 12th. 12 lbs C Flour – 9/7
15. 8 lbs Beef. 16. 7 lbs Beef, 25. 2 lbs Sugar, 5/1
[Total:] 19/9

58 Bs of wheat, at 6d.
[Subtract:] 19/9
[Total:] 9/3

[Total:] 4/1/1
Recd from Mr Boydell 23d May 1834 three pounds eight shillings & eight pence in full of all demands from myself & nine shillings & three pence for John Buckley
[Signed:] William Dimmock

April 1834. Wm Dimmoke in account –
By Cash – 3/0/0
3 4 Files – 3/-
1 qt ½ pt of Rum, 2 Bottles Rum 17/6
2 Pots Porter, 2 Ch Shirts 4 lbs Sugar 11/8
Mar 27. 1 lb Tobacco. 4 oz Tea, 4/-
[Mar 27] 2 lbs Sugar, 30 2 lbs Sugar. 31. 1lb Sugar, Apr 1ST. 1 Fig Tob. 3/6
April 3d 1 Fig, 1 lb Sugar. 10, 2 lb Sugar. 12. 4 lb B Suet, 3/6
28th 1 Fig. 2 lbs Sugar, 1/6
6 lbs Sugar – 4/-
By Ck on Bank of Australia 3/0/0
6 mths wages at £18 per annum £
Recd from [indecipherable] 3/0/6
[Total:] 12/0/6
[Subtract:] 8/8/8
[Total:] 3/11/10

April 1834 From Feby M.Mahon, Tobacco Manufacturer,

[Page 64]

March 1834 Recd from Mr Ogilvie, 10 Fat Cows for which I am to allow him, 3 next year Calves,

Sold to Mr White a Yg. Ram, £3 – to be paid when 18 mths old abt 3 [indecipherable] time

[Two tables of stock numbers; see original for more detail:]

Return of Sheep purchased by me from Mr Wilkinson
taken from Mr Ogilvies book, March. 1834
Rams 13.
Old Ewes 950,
Yg. Ewes 108,
Ewe Lambs. 182,
Wethers 352,
W Lambs. 202
Total. 1807.

Cattle purchased by me from Mr Wilk[inson] – taken from Mr Ogilvies Book March 1834.
Bulls 2.
Cows 95 –
2 yr old Heifer 13.
Yearling. 31.
H Calves. 23.
2 yr old Steer, 15,
Yearling 21.
B Calves 20,
Total, 220.

[Page 65]

[Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

Bk. Balance, £37./0./0
C. Edwds. 4./13./-
C Wt. – 3./10/-
A Glennie – 15/-/-
M Lean – 34/-/-
Dutton – 33./-/-
White – 3.-/-
April 14th 1834. 120/3/-

1834 27 March
Regulated my Sheep as Follows –
Wood, 67. Saxon, & 23 Merinos, & 2 S Rams
Jones. 399 Ewes, 15 Rams put in 3 wks ago –
Raymon 310 Lambs, 6 E Merinos, 25 Ewe Saxon Lambs
Edmunds. 565 Wethers,
Cunningham, 33 old Rams, 29 Y Saxon Rams,
Thos Rose Watchman

Rams put into Saxons this day.
Abstract at Wood 92
Home, Jones, 414
Raymon, 341.
Edmunds 565
Cunningham, 62
[Total:] 1474

Sold 8 Rams to Mr McLean £3 each Bill
March 26th at 3 months, £24./0./0 –

April 12th, Bought 5 Bullocks from Mr Webber of Mr Gibbes
Bill at 4 mth from date. £20./0.s/0d

Sold Mr Dutton 11 Merino Ewes at £3. –
The whole to be divided in two lots,
Toss up for choice of lots, – £33./0./0

Sold to Alfred Glennie 5 Rams at £3 each payable at 3 mths from date
Originally 56 –
Sold, 23
died 2
[Total:] 25

[Originally 56 –]
[Subtract:] 25
31 left

McLean 24/0/0
Glennie 15/-/-
Windere 9./-/-
Townshend 20/-/-
Wool. 25/-/-
Use of 21 myself 21/-/-

[Page 66]

[Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

Jany. 28th. By checque on B of A. £3./16/-
1327 lbs Tobacco M £4./10./-
2 bottles Rum 6 lbs Sugar Ό Tea – 14/-
[Balance £]3./16/-

Bill at the Bank £150 drawn 14 Jany 1834 due April 17th 1834
Mr Tincombe – [£]4/-/-
Mrs Cox – by Checque - £3/-/-
P. Mahon – 3./16/-
Dr [indecipherable] – 5/-/-
Wm Dimmock – 3/-/-
Thos Mayne – 4/-/-
1st March W Scott Esqr – 6/-/-
10th. Bill at 6 mths, R Scott Esqr. payable at the Bank of Australia for £25. 12. 6. Roan horse.

Goodness me, what a lap Skip, nearly 4 mths and none of my most interesting movements mentioned well let me see, In Sydney and its neighbourhood Two out [of] the 4, Spent pleasant part of it at Mulgoa, Denham Court, Illawarra, Belmt [Belmont] &c &c, late did some business & spent some money Illawarra, the Part I visited is called Wallongong.

The Family of Captn Allman who is Police Magistrate Mr & Mrs Wilkinson also added to its agreability & I must say that no Three days have been spent with greater pleasure since I left Old England, This district differs from any part of the Colony I have before seen, abounding in beautifully Wild & Bount Spots, The ground is rich & productive to the very Sea, And the Police Magistrate supplied from little more than Ό of an acre close to the Shore his family with vegetables, One evening a pleasant ride to Tom Thumb Mouth or Lake afforded me great pleasure as well from the Company I as in, as the interest of the Spot.

1834 March
It is formed from the Sea, and its quiet surface with its various Bays it irregular outline and the green Shrubs & grass growing about it form a splendid contrast to Deep and ever free Sea divided by a mere strip.

This district is heavily timbered which renders it not inferior to other parts for Cattle, but there hardly Spot which is not rich enough to grow any Crop, The road to it is the only drawback In the first place circuitous in the next bad, Nothing can be more uninteresting than the line from Campbell Town to the Top of the Mountain, nearly 30 miles, but then you are repaid for anything, Such a view, I shall never forget it, The day had been & was exceedingly warm, The reflection of the White Sand of which the road is formed for a considerable distance is indescribably unpleasant to the eyes, The Soil changes to a black, and the Stunted things called Trees give way to the finest in the point of size & Foliage, so green and so thick that the Sun cannot shine through

You hear the magnificent sound of the Rock beating Surf And occasionally through the openings of the beautifully green Bush catch a glimpse (the finest in the World,) of the Sea itself in all its boundless freedom, Blue as the Sky that’s above it, and more beautiful on that account, The day was hot I said before not a cloud obscured any part of the Sky, and the Sun shining in all his brilliancy illumined both, and made the whole appear almost too beautiful for reality.

From this scene you are awakened by the idea & reality of having to descend a Mountain all but perpendicular more than a mile in length which tries both in ascending & descending the sinews of legs.

[Page 67]

[Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

Novr. 19th Recd from Mr Bedwell on acct of Mrs Frankland. £2./10.s/8 Part payment of a Beast 627 lbs. at 1Όd per lb – still due 15s/3. Paid him 1/6d on acct of Horse boat freight –

Jany. Recd. from Mr Bedwell Balance 15/3.
627 lbs at 1Ό per lb – £3./5/3.

March Feby, Recd from Messrs. McKenzie, for 4 of Mrs Frankland’s Bullocks at £3 ea 12/0/0
Mr Townshend; 1 Bl. [indecipherable] horned Bullock
1 Red do 1. –

April, 1 large Red & White B. Bullock
1 Red & White do (,815) 1 Spotted one

May 2nd. 1 Spotted one,
8th. A large Polly one out of Johanna.

Account of Mrs. Frankland with C Boydell
1832, Mr Cory paid Cash to Mr Campbell 100/-/-
March, 1833. By Cash recd by me paid to JW/PW – 48/-/-
do – paid 8 Jany 2/-/-
Mar 1833 By Bill from Andrew Lang 50/-/-
May. 1834. Cash in Bank of Australia 90/-/-
From Mr Bedwell for a Bullock – 3/5/3.
From Messrs G & B McKenzie – 4 Balance 12/-/-
From Myself – 6 Bullocks 18/-/-
Mr Townshend 7 Bullocks 70/. 24/10/-
March 1835. 1 yrs rent Mr Cory 75/0/0

Arrears due to Mrs Frankland from Mr Cory, when I took Charge to Septr 1832
by acct to me from Mr Webber – £187/-/-
½ years rent to March 1833 – 37/10/-
do do Septr do 37/10/-
do do March 1834. 37/10/-

Balance due from Mr Cory to Mrs Frankland, to March. 1834 £9./10/-
Rent to March 1835 – 75/-/-
[Total:] 84/10/-

[Page 68]

[Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

Septr 8th. Checque to Townshend. £26/17.s/6.d
Bill at 3 mths & eight days 75/-/-
17th. Bill to Mr Myles £40 – payable 12 mths after this date –

Nov 12 Have omitted filling up this valuable Log from many reasons but I believe that of Idleness preponderates, The Season has been one of the driest I ever experienced, Things perfectly fried on the ground.

Last month took a trip to visit my acquaintance in the Upper district, called at Messrs Scotts Glennies Wm Bells, Davies, Pringle. Arndell, Blaxlands, Ogilvie Pike, Wright, Coln. & Captn Dumaresqs, Littles and Archibald Bales. No prospect of wheat for any them & the Country nearly destitute of pasturage for Cattle, never saw more wretchedness, Came home & Shore my Sheep, & had from them an excellent clip, commenced Wheat Harvest on the 2nd Inst Wheat good but very thin on the ground.

Bill to Townshend £30. 3 mths fr date 4th inst –

A nice Thunder shower on the 9th, Owen Left me Paid him his Checque on Bank of Australia £3./10/-
Hired Sawyers. Cut 1265 Cedar boards. a 7s/. Balance paid them by Checque on Bank of Australia £2 –
Hired Wm. Dimmock for 6 mths, at £18 per annum –

10th, Present for the first time at a Battle of Aborigines about 10 on each side engaged in the first place, a clear spot having been selected for the place of Combat The Hostile Parties advanced within abt. 30 paces of one another when a parley commenced and words got higher and higher until 2 or 3 Boomerangs were thrown by one party. The other Side after some time returned the challenge in the Same way, and very shortly after the parties gallantly closed & began to belabour one another’s heads without any mercy with their heavy Waddies. 3 or 4 were soon prostrate and blood upon the Backs of each shewed that the blows had not been foolishness.
The sight of blood whilst it arouses the valorous feelings of one sex evidently excites the softer sensations of the other, from the men threats dark & deep were heard, Spears were shipped with other signs of deadly combat, from the other came forth their dreadful howl. The combatants again opposed one another but with more deadly weapons (Spears) when all at once rushed between the Parties a Hag bearing the nature of Woman, her eloquence was great if judgement may be formed from the noise She made, She suited the action to the Word and the Word to the action; and as often as one of the Parties lifted the Spear She interposed herself. She became outrageous, when came forward from the opposite side a Woman also armed with a Tomyhawk, and seemed inclined to take summary means to quiet the first intruder,
She however was not so easily daunted and in return to the one’s threats with her Tomyhawk she brandished her stick as tho, game to the back bone, The two females however became friends, both agreeing to preserve peace if possible, but the first named person finding her efforts unavailing abandoning herself to despair and seizing a Tomyhawk cut her head in a most dreadful manner, Whether She intended to cut short or no her existence is a matter of question for the Tomyhawk was taken from her hands whilst she was in the act of maiming herself: The Female affray was to me by far the most amusing Part of the business & no London fish women could have assailed one another with greater seeming Virulence or with more ready language. One party had Hawk’s feathers stuck on the Hair a sure Sign that their intentions are deadly

[Page 69]

[Continued from page 70.]

13th: Got up when I awoke and looking at my watch found that it was two oClock P.M. Quite ashamed of myself but felt very comfortable and very much refreshed, Got breakfast and rode to Belmt [Belmont] calling at Hobart Ville on the way, & Captn Brabyns

Sunday 14th Rode to Church in company with 5 men H Scott. A Bell. T Bell. J Blaxland & Rutlege, heard a pretty good Sermon from Mr Marsden, Called at Mr North’s, at Mr Beddeks left a card, at Clarendon do. all names on one And dined and Spent a most pleasant evening at Mr Wm Cox’s, no thanks to him tho. Slept at Towns

15th. Breakfasted where I slept and my whole Charge Horse and everything was £0/4/6 – nothing could have been cheaper anywhere in the world. Rode into Windsor and to my great joy found Zouch of the 4th [4th Regiment]. Waiting to go over Land with me. Lunched at Norths, and started for Old Wisemans A Bell being so kind as to go nearly half way to shew it to us, got to our quarters about Sundown and supped from a grilled fowl with plenty of Tea,

16th. Raining about 10 am +ed [crossed] the Punt and without any accident arrived at Young Wisemans in good time, and were made very comfortable there, it is a good house and the people are very civil.

17th. Started rather too late about 10 oclock and as it was raining the roads were very heavy Called at Mr Dalhunty’s who was from home, dined at Dooley
s and arrived at Maitland late in the evening after a most fatiguing drive, Staid at Hewits where we were fortunate enough to get beds, but the noise in the house was excessive occasioned by the races which were at the time going on.

18th. With great difficulty got breakfast and after that Zouch & self parted, he to attend the Sessions as one of the Jurymen, and I to call upon Mr & Mrs Bloomfield where I expected to find Mr & Mrs Townshend, in which I was not mistaken, there they were and inclined to be angry with me for being behind my time as my Gig was to be the conveyance, I staid at Bs very pleasantly & attended the races notwithstanding a confirmed wet day until Sunday 20th. when I [indecipherable] Townshends man and arrived at my own Gunhia at night where I found all things to my satisfaction & much better than I could have expected,

21st. Set all hands to work stumping a bit of land that had been trenched for a Vinyard, Sowed Tobacco Seed in holes over the River.

August 26th Taking a Skip here I am In the mean time having been very busy and a great stay at home planted about 1½ acre of Vines the cuttings all got from Webber & Townshend & all of good sorts [comprising?] Black burgundy, 2. Black cluster, 3. Millers Burgundy, 4 Chaselais 5. Bl. Hamborough, 6. Tinta, 7. Constantia, 8. White Constantia, 9 Oporto 10, Claret, 11 Sweet Water, 12. Wh. Muscotel, 13. Bl. Muscotel – 14. Zante Currant, 15. Frontiniac, 16. White Large thick skin grape, and perhaps more that I forget, have planted a Fine lot of Apple & Pear trees, from Townshends, and 60 oranges and a whole lot of Loquats & other Fruits.

Sent off to Sydney 17 Kegs of tobacco Neat wgt 1190 lbs
2 Kegs of Fat for Soap, & Recd 8 Bags of Sugar
Sold one Keg to Captn Wright, Neat wgt 75 lbs –
Paid for Captn Edwards, 4./13./0. on account due from him for the keep of his Sheep, to Mr Allman from whom I learnt that Spts [spirits] of Wine was used in the manufacturing of Tobacco with a qu of boiled Sugar
Plenty of Tobacco plants above ground & thriving.
have planted a few Potatoes, and have planted onions. Ground very dry. Sheep Lambing well. 170

[Page 70]

[Continued from page 71.]

July 4th 1833. Left Windsor at 6 am in company with Helenus Scott. arrived at Sydney by the Coach at about Eleven after a very dirty & dusty ride, Went to Cummings and got breakfast, hired a Horse from Kemp, and called Messrs Mannings, Montefiores, Scotts, & Carters

Met Ryder in the Street, who asked me to come and dine with him to celebrate Christening of his First Child a girl; "Sweet to the Father is his first born’s birth. I told him how I was situated being engaged to Mr Mannings Ball in the Evening, and went there [indecipherable] a small party and partook of most excellent fare, left at ½ past 9 went to Mrs Scott’s who had promised me a seat in her Carriage too late just in time to hear it rumbling away from the door; to Kemp, as fast as I could, hired a Horse & at full gallop went there arrived about 10, everyone there & dancing commenced, after Paying my respects to Mr. & Mrs. M. crushed into the room which was crowded to excess. Supper about 12 & a most splendid one, every luxury that could be fancied and everything of the best. about 131 were present dancing continued until 3 in the morning 4th Band [Band of the 4th Regiment] when the company separated all delighted & none more so than myself.

The next day did a little business signed a petition for the abolition or alteration of a late act of Council, curtailing the powers of the Magistrates, and too clearly defining most lenient punishments for offences. Thereby to a certain extent placing the Master Sub the Servant, who knowing what penalty he must pay and no more, makes up his mind for it, and sins to the utmost limit of his tether, dined at Mr Mannings;

6th intended to have left town but could not get my business finished, dined at Mrs Scotts and spent a pleasant day, or rather afternoon, (Sunday left Sydney. Got to Parramatta dined with Tincombe and supped with Blackburne and Tobin after 7.

8th. Breakfasted with Blackburne. and then rode to Windsor lunched at Hales and drove out to Belmont where I met a very large Party the Blaxlands, Mrs Foster, Sir John Jamison and several more,

9th. Passed the day at Belmont and went with the Party to Windsor to attend the assembly. Company assembled about 8, There were about 60 people present and the Evening went off in the most charming Style, Supped at Mr Norths with a very large Party, and after kicking up row in the Street reached Belmont at 5 in the morning

Rode into Windsor with the Blaxlands & called at Hobart Ville, Mr W. Cox’s Clarendon, old Mr Cs – and at Captain Brabyns, & Mr Norths, dined at Belmont and went to dance at Hobart Ville which was very pleasant but I was very tired, returned home about 3.

11th. I was very tired & did not stir during the day, at Party at Belmont, and very pleasant evening,

12. Left after breakfast went to an Old Fortune tellers who told us all a Parcel of Stuff. Met there Mrs Cox Miss Scott and Miss Garling who did not much relish our catching them. My Fortune was to + [cross] the Sea, Marry twice have five children & lots of Stores & Wealth. We went on to Clarendon where hearing there was to be a Party that night We determined to fish for an invite, In we went but neither Host nor Hostess made their appearance So we went on to Windsor mistaken, an abusing the good people all the way ordered dinner Sat down to it, and still they were the objects of our abuse, When the Servant came in with a not inviting us to the said Party, which we consented to attend and to bury all our [dash] in oblivion, 5 of us were together Zouch. Bernard, Blaxland & Rutlege. The two former & myself hired a Tax cart in which went merrily the 2 others rode, and we all exalting in our impudence
Spent a very pleasant evening –

[Continued on page 69.]

[Page 71]

[Continued from page 72.]

Time the subduer of all things made things again quiet and we got repose until 8 in the morning when we met to breakfast & discuss, I went afterwards with A Bell to Belmont where I remained enjoying myself until the friday Saturday following having had in the mean time a most agreable Pic nic in celebration of the launching of new Punt about 30 people were present and the Punt & the day went mutually exceedingly well off; Arrived in Sydney again on Sunday evening after having lunched with the 17th Mess. And Tuesday morning 18th June was present at the celebration of the Nuptials of George Townshend & Miss Elizabeth Manning which went off as things of that kind generally do, dully enough, breakfasted at Mr Ms after which the happy pair pursued their way & I mine.

Staid in Sydney until Monday 22nd. When again in company with Helenus Scott went as far as Parramatta where we dined at Captn Wrights. Slept at Walkers & the next day having delivered an address to Blackburne went to Belmont calling at Windsor & Hobart Ville on our way,

The next morning left Belmont and arrived at George Cox’s Mulgoa towards evening, had a hearty Welcome and a splendid dinner for the first day and the next took a ride to Miss Norton’s who lives on the top of a Barren hill with a Brother and Sister Mrs Oxley I thought to myself I had never seen such retirement Nothing could I see to recommend the place except a tolerably good garden returned to G Cox’s to dinner met a very large party and had a very pleasant dance & a splendid Supper. This was the celebration of the anniversary of their Wedding. G Cox’s place is called Winbourne The house is exceedingly neat & capacious fancy lodging 22 Strangers at once. The garden is good & well stocked with orange & all sorts of fruit Trees The ground is cleared about it partially, and large prettily embracing a view of Mr John Blaxland’s farm which is also partially cleared,

26 Spent the morning in calls at Messrs. Henry. Edward Cox & Miss Nortons and spent the evening quietly but pleasantly. The next day had a Ball at Mr Henry Cox’s having had in the morning a Pic nic at a Place called Norton’s Basin. The Nepean here forms a large Basin running in cascades & small waterfalls before it empties its waters into it. The Scenery is highly romantic & picturesq The road down to it a mere foot path & very rugged tries Ladie’s shoes in earnest,

Sunday We took a ride and Monday had a splendid Pic nic at a Place called Gibraltar, about 1½ mile from Miss Norton’s It is on the Banks of the Nepean which are here a mass of high & rugged Rocks, Gibraltar itself is a high rock flat at the top and large enough to hold 40 People standing entirely distinct. We had a capital dinner and after lots of loyal toasts had been given assaulted one another with Bulrushes & had famous fun, had 2 good Horse races & returned home where we spent the evening in dancing and finished with a good supper; The next day returned to Belmont but not without adventure. for at the Pic nic about half way 6 of the Horses galloped right away leaving a Carriage & my Gig in the lurch, The Carriage was left all night. but I got a little Horse that never was in Harness before & clapt him in the Gig and he took me to Belmont & all the luggage of the Carriage, The ladies got seats in other carriages or on Horse back & things got on better than could have been expected, The next day at daylight after the Horses mine were found towards evening at Windsor and all the rest were recovered wonderfully well

I left Belmont after dinner and called at Hobart Ville where I staid till 12 PM night & proceeded to Windsor

[Continued on page 70.]

[Page 72]

Bal. £182/-/-
McKenzie – 9/-/-
115 –

Hewit £3./10/–
Owen – 2/-/-
Barnes. 4./4/-
Foster – 8./8./-
Hale – 7/-/-
Self – 7./10/-
Dr Wans. 3./10/-
Augt 8th – John Ryan – 32./17/-
Robt. Deynes – 9/-/-

50 –
36 –
[Total:] 86 –


 Augt 17th 4./13/- – on acct of Cap Edwards

Augt. Long time has elapsed since the filling up of this journal and whether it be worth filling up or not is the question that suggests itself.

However, to my task 27th or 28th of May found Townshend and self in gig on our way to Sydney where we arrived in Four days from that time in the most pleasant way possible and without the slightest accident

1st day I dined at Captn Edwards 2nd do – 3d Moncriefs 4th Mannings, & so on I kept it up very pleasantly until Tuesday the 4th of June when I left Sydney to attend a Ball at Windsor (public assembly) Tincombe joined me at Parramatta where we left about 3 & arrived in Windsor in time to get dinner and dress ourselves comfortably by 8 oclock the specified commencement of the Ball, In the Room we went met lots of people I did know but more that I did not Spent a very pleasant evening

The whole was conducted very well. The 2 presiding Stewards were Mr North & Dr Richardson, The music was by some of the 17th Band who came from Parramatta for the purpose, A non subscriber pays 7/6 for his ticket for which he gets lots of dancing, a cup or two of bad Tea, bread & butter, or some infamously bad negas to which I always say nego) The ladies afford Specimens of beauty & capital dressing which would disgrace no place! Messrs Tincombe Darcy & self took supper afterwards & talked & quizzed until near 4 in the morning when Murphy arrested us. We went to bed Tincombe & I in one room when & had been there perhaps 10 minutes when some more of the party came home and as they could not get beds determined We shd not enjoy ours. So without ceremony came into our room and we in Self defence got up & joined them, In the wash room there were four Jews who had been comfortably sleeping – The party rushed into their room and lugged one of their red night caps off before they found their mistake

[Continued on page 71.]

[Page 73]

[The left-hand page of this two-page spread is blank and torn, apart from a small sketch of a fence and gate, and some lines written in pencil (upside-down). Part of the left-hand page on the next image – transcribed on page 74 – shows through. Only the pencil notes and right-hand page are transcribed here. See image for details.]

[Pencil notes, written upside down, laid out as in original:]
G Wiliams Prisoner
per Ship Phonix [Phoenix]
Being duly Sworn deposed
that on Sat last as he
was Sitting down in his room
The Prisoner at the [indecipherable] came
to him using the most [indecipherable]
[indecipherable] language [indecipherable]

[Right-hand page:]

May 17th. Nothing Some time has elapsed since my writing anything in this Way. however now the whole must be detailed in parcels. about the beginning Instant went over to Glendon to call upon Mrs & Miss Scott who are at present on a visit to their Sons passed two days most pleasantly and came away more than ever satisfied that they were very nice People, Lieut Pickey late of the [indecipherable] came over with and remained until yesterday which served to lighten my Solitude.

More Visitors have been with us lately than ever. I remember at Townshend’s & my own place, 2 Mr Holdens one of whom intends to Settle near us & both of them very nice pleasant and informed men. Mr Matchem whom it would be hard to match Rob Scott, McKenzie & [Ruson?], so that we have been quite gay.

Townshend & the Elder Holden went up the Country to visit & view its’ beauties, All my Tobacco is housed, I commenced Wheat Sowing on the 15th, long protracted by the rain, and again Stopped by more wet, The night however promises well.

Engaged Owen a man of Townshend’s lately obtained a ticket for 6 mths at £15 per annum, My Old Overseer D OHara left last Sunday week. bot [bought] his two Cows from him for £2.10 – and paid him wages £30 – order on A. B. & Co. It will seldom be a man’s lot to get a better Man than Daniel Industrious, zealous, honest & always respectful.

Two new hands arrived on the 13th. [Dash] Bradley from Blackburn in Lancashire, and [blank] Cunningham London Errand boy. both by the Ship Mangles. My Tailor Higgins was sent back to me having just received 150 lashes for Shamming Free! Busy as possible manufacturing Tobacco generally 6 hands Employed. Sent my Gig to meet H Glennie who I believe brings up a wife

Thomson appointed Overseer from about the 7th inst

Things generally pretty well – have broken in Taffy to harness Goes well & his appearance will be much improved by the Harness: Stapleton at Townshends. Bates made a Keg today.

[Page 74]

[Continued from page 75.]

[The right-hand page of this two-page spread is torn. What is written on it is complete; the page must have been torn before it was written on. There are some pencil notes written across the page – these are too difficult to make out and are not transcribed.]

Determined upon crossing a Huge Mountain between us and my place Suspecting that the rogues might be harboring in some of the Brushes abounding, the Sides of the Hill where we crossed are nearly perpendicular and the darkness made our footsteps still more uncertain, We took two Spells before reaching the Summit and I never felt my legs & knees strain so before, One of the party occasionally getting a tumble afforded amusement to the whole party, We traversed the top for nearly a mile and very rough walking it was, without seeing fire or anything to make us suspect that we were in their vicinity, We turned to descend, and took a rest of half an hour nearly being tired and dispirited at such fatigue for nothing, We had not gone many yards from our resting place when one of the Blacks descried the Camp fires and we heard them!

Not all for nothing at any rate, Hurrah, We still had to descend a precipice and make a considerable circuit to approach, quietness the order of the time, and when it was very steep placing ourselves on the centre of gravity slid down pretty comfortably to the great discomfiture of a certain part of our trousers at length We reached the Bottom made a turn to the left and found ourselves on a level with the fires, and at no very great distance, the Blacks of our party staid behind whilst we rushed to the Camp in a moment the quiet of Sleep gave place to the noise of Terror all was in motion, and the most discordant noise perhaps possible to conceive, the yelling of the Dogs and their own horrid cried, the 1st fire there were four asleep at one escaped the remaining 3 we secured, and took possession of Spears Tomyhawks, Waddys, &c, as the Spolia opima [Latin: rich spoils], in the mean time those who had escaped Surrounded us on the hill above where we were and were very saucy one to whom I was speaking told me I was a deceiver, Clattered his spears and womara together and sounded the War cry. Scolding in his own language at a great rate, one of my men said do you hear that Sir! he’ll soon throw his Spear, but I knew none of them were likely to do that, altho they had a fine chance for while the darkness hid them, the light of the fires at which we were standing gave them a good view

After some altercation, and my upbraiding them for stealing my corn. 2 or 3 gave them selves up, They confessed having partaken of the stolen property, but were all ungallant enough to lay the onus on their wives, whom they compell to steal for them, one of them came to me and said now [indecipherable] you give me Bob Young, a flogging thinking that was my object, he was quite pleased to find it otherwise, I took the Shears &c home leaving them with the promise that when they came for them they should have them which they did in two or 3 days after, however that night they moved their camp & kept awake lest I should return, the Wild fellows went off never to return so that I drove away the first worst stealers, and two or 3 came to my place and stay here feeding upon corn & melons –

[Page 75]

[Continued from page 76.]

but our present liberal minded Personage turns out a Person with a family of five young Children merely because he has the power, Oh Mores, Oh tempora; Extravagance and dissipation are always to be deprecated, because their result generally injures some several; but meanness much more so, particularly from the representation of a munificent monarch, & from one who is allowed a most liberal Salary, Scarce any good quality can atone for it.

Put my name down as a subscriber of £200 to the Maitland races, to be paid before the 1st of June next.

Staid a day at Mr Boughtons on my way up, and received a great deal of kindness, Paid Webber the £50. bill drawn by A Lang in favor of Cox recd from Cory. Messrs Adair came up to look at the Frankland Bullock but three months credit he considered too little & declined the proceeding, Park John P Webber & he left me yesterday. Good Friday, I expect Townshend home tomorrow, The Country is looking beautifully. I hope it will continue fine Some of the nights have been very cold & I think a slight touch of Frost was experience two nights’ ago but not conclusive –

15th, Tobacco presses finished and act well, Manufacturing as much as possible, preparing Land for wheat &c.

Townshend returned last week and a Mr Holden with him, The Governor at Maitland T went down to see him uncommonly busy obliged to work myself. Tobacco to cut & some to manufacture, Wheat to sow, Maize to pull. Tobacco to cut, Cattle to muster Sheep to Lamb &c &c. and very few hands to do it all, Wrote to my Father tonight. Sent 3 Bushels of Corn to John Allman, recd from Band a letter and some Penny Magazines. Blackburne paid Townshend on my account.
[Calculation follows; pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]
[Total; £]25/7/-
[Some other numbers at foot of page; not transcribed.]

Mr Corys acct –
Dates somewhere else
Six Wethers at 5/ - 1./10/–
order JPW [John P Webber] – 4/14/6 –
do. Stapleton – 1/-/- –
23 lbs Tobacco – 1/6 – 1/14/6 –
Cash – Mr F. – 2/-/- –
6 Bs Maize - [say?] 2/6 – 18/-

26th Things have gone on pretty well. The Blacks commenced upon my young Corn about a fortnight ago. This was rather too much to bear quietly so I determined upon storming their Camp, accordingling on the 20th inst in company with Six whites, & 3 blacks sallied forth about 7 p.m. 1. Gun in good repairs one do. without a lock. 1 Pistol tolerable another minus Cock, not very formidable certainly but perfectly sufficient for the purpose, outskirted my growing corn from the possibility of some of them being on their a stealing expedition

the Blacks with us heard something which they took to be some of their tawny Brethren carrying on operations, I dispatched apart to beat thro the corn whilst the rest of us stationed ourselves round at distances watching every outlet, did not succeed in Springing the Game if any were there, over hills & dales passed on in danger of breaking our shins either by the falling of rocks upon us or us upon them.

After about an hour heard blacks in a Brush but could not find them, Everyone on the qui vive, made it quite interesting at length came in Sight of fires close to a Sawyer’s Settlement, chazed them at full pace, but non est inventus –

In the mean time the Sawyer roused from his first Nap armed himself with his Musket and the word Stand in faltering accents was audible, he soon to his joy found out his mistake, and having recovered from his Surprise at seeing me on foot wished me to take his Man however his kindness I declined having still the Game in View –

[Continued on page 74.]

[Page 76]

W – 3 Males – 7 Females 15.
2 – 5 Males – 7 [In pencil:] 2
F – 6 Males – 10 Females – 24 [In pencil:] 8
B – 11 Males – 13 Females – 24
One from the 2 Cattle too much was branded 2 last year which left one to be added to the list this yr dividg

26th Tobacco Stored. 1643
Before – 3201
Total 4844

28th The Corn below the house was so dreadfully pillaged pillaged by blacks & cocatoos that I have been obliged to pull it to save any rather before the proper time, The rascally Blacks with their natural cunning left unpulled what was immediately under by the River and outside and went into it that their traces might not be so evident, I suppose the crop is 70 or 80 B missing The corn is fine & there would have been an excellent supply but for the above mentioned losses, Townshend is in Sydney, Mr Bond has been staying with me some days, The late rains have done considerable damage to the late Tobacco crops, The Plants that were not topped are most destroyed by what is termed the Scald. The Plant becomes a mass of Rust perfectly useless as Tobacco & crumbles to dust on being touched, The layer Plants are also partially affected, small spots of rust are very frequent, Vegetation in general has been extraordinary, Pasture is Superb every where & Stock consequently thriving to the Settlers heart desire Busied in Ploughing for wheat My Tailor Patrick Higgins ran away declaring himself free he may be or he may be not.

25th. Recd from Mr Cory by a bill drawn by Andrew Lang at 3 mths from the 6th. inst – Fifty Pounds payable to Cox to the auctioneer & endorsed by him and Mr Cory.
also Two Pounds to make all in all one hundred payable by myself on account of Grinding Was at Adairs last Sunday & staid the night, one male Calf Bd. [branded] W. died the effects of rain & cold after cutting, one of his testicles was in his Flank and consequently very difficult to get at, On also with my own brand is in a dangerous state from White Stockings. Borrowed from Jno P Webber 2 lbs of Tea recd as a very great favor for there is none in the neighbourhood, Tea is now at £12 per Chest in Sydney expected to rise Some folks limit it to £30 – if so for me Goodbye to Tea, Am causing to be erected 12 very strong presses to be worked with complex levers & put into the ground 3 ft, and instead of a piece running through them, I have two pieces one on each side let in ½ way which come out under the plate upon which the Casks are placed, paid Curry. £3. 0. 0

Tobacco Brot forward before entered – 4844
March 31st Tobacco – 1238
[indecipherable] [Total:] 6082 lbs

April 7th A W. heifer calf killed itself,
For the last week have been employed putting up Tobacco presses, Ploughing & Harrowing for wheat and Husking maize, which has turned out better than I expected.
2nd Crop Tobacco looks well and is nearly ripe, late Maize middling, At Maitland for two days in the beginning of the week which I spent most agreably at Mr Bloomfields Hooping Cough horrible in the Village, Bs children have it most horridly accompanied with vomiting at every fit. The Governor is coming to Maitland next week and has sent an order to the Police Magistrate Captn Anley to qu leave his house and everything for his convenience Poor pitiful economy, Mrs A, & 5 children one a mth old are to have the expense of an Inn whilst the Governor revels in Captn As, comforts, Such a man hardly deserves respect and cannot consequently expect as a Governor & King’s representative he is entitled to it, from but as a man who can give it I except those who hold situations under him, Thank Goodness I do not, General Darling did not turn Captn Aubyn out of his house tho he had no family, he went himself to the Inn.

[Continued on page 75.]

[Page 77]

Feby 16th. Recd from Messrs Aspinall & Browne 5 Gs of Rum, 3 Cwts of Salt, advised of Tea ½ chest mislaid from the Steamer 18 bags instead of 25, and 17 lbs of Soap, From Uthers & Wilson 6 Files 1 Rule 2 [indecipherable]boxes.

27th. Remitted to Gosling on account of Mr Frankland two orders recd from Agr Coy,
One on the Bank. £25 in favor of G & R McKenzie – J Mclean. 7th Feby 1833.
The other on Mr Wallace, £23. in favor of Jonathon Webster – G & R McKenzie, 15th Feby. 1833.
Sent for some Slops &.

March, Curing Tobacco &c Splendid promise of 2nd Crop
6th. attended Mr Cory’s Sale at Jones. Ewes sold for 15/ & 15/6 per head, Bought from Mr Dun, 37 hd of Cattle for £36.0.0 Bill at 6 mths from this date, do from Jones 14 head, £13.0.0 Three months from this date –
Total no. 50, 17 Steers & Bullocks 22 heifers & Cows 11 Calves
Omitted inserting the beginning of February Sold to R McKenzie, a Horse for 16.10. & 50 Bushels of maize
Something under, 2/6 per Bushel, order upon Townshend 13./19./-
Promised in two mths 8./10/-
[Total:] £22/9/-
Sold to P Hughes Crooked legged Colt. for £6 – order upon Mr T – 6/-/-

Glennie & his wife did me honor & pleasure of a Visit I went over to Glendon & shewed them the [way] thro. very heavy rain on the first of March they stayed with me until the 4th
Took ½ a keg of Tobacco Nett wgt 40 lbs. £3/-/-
Before had. 80 [lbs] 6/-/- – £9./-/- which he promised to put into the Bank for me, Coleman a man of Mr Cory’s convicted of Sticking his Master with intent to kill Sent up to Paterson’s plains for Execution which was deferred in consequence of a doubt being raised as to the legality of the Warrant. it wanting the Signature of the Governor, in Consequence a Petition was got up & signed by many present to the Governor In the commutation of the sentence,

Sent to Mr Cory, 6 Bushels of Corn
To Captn Brown – 2 kegs of Tobacco, 1 of Fat,

9th, A few Pleasant & refreshing Showers.
10. over at Townshends constant rain
11 Showers, 12th. Fine day McKenzie stayed a night
busy all day gardening every thing looks well Corn which before seemed past redemption recovered Tobacco looking beautifully tonight the Stars are all out and no appearance of wet, My overseer threatens a frost I say No, because I hope it I am altogether delighted with my prospects, recd a letter from Gosling advising me of 2 Bags of Sugar and some Slops, Tea safe at the St Michael Sold my horse to Captn Edwards for £30. – pretty good price as times go, have heard from home lately all good news, wrote to Tom a week ago, branded the whole of my Cattle the day after bringing them home altogether a good lot and I shall make many of them I hope. Home fit very bad must go soon and see them. 8 gns at home as pusillus [Latin: very little, petty, insignificant.], 8 at Shrewsbury School & 8 more in Botany Bay extraordinary enough if it turns out so,

18th Tobacco Brot into Store, 960 –
1583 Total 2543 lbs
19th do do – 658

A Kind of Muster day branded my new Cattle
B – 9 –
From Ws. B 5 –
Q – B – 2.
F – B – 8 – Total 24 –
Branded – F 16 –
Ws - 10
Q – 5. 31 –

[Page 78]

[Page of accounts and tallies, some rewritten in ink over earlier pencil. In general, only records in ink have been transcribed. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts separated by /. See original for more detail.]

Sugar 6d

1833. William Currey in account Threshing
Jany. 4. To 7 lbs flour. 5 lbs Beef 1 lb Sugar, 2 oz Tea – 4/1
12. 14 lbs flour, 6 lbs Beef 1½ lbs Sugar, 3 oz Tea – 6/4½
19. 4 lbs Beef. 1½ lbs Sugar, 3 oz Tea, 2/8½
26th 12 lbs Beef 14 lbs flour. 2½ lbs Sugar 3 oz Tea – 8/10½
Feby 2 – 8 lbs Beef 14 lbs flour. 1 ½ lbs Sugar 3 oz Tea – 7/0½
9. 4 lbs Beef 2 lbs Sugar. 3 oz Tea – 2/11½
Overcharge 1/-

To threshing 126 Bushels of wheat [at] 8d. £4/4/0
per account – 1/11/0½
Balance due to Cory – £2/12/11½

March 29th Checque Bank of Australia 3/0/0
Pair of Shoes – 10/-

April 17. Four Tobacco Casks – a 4/- e [each] 16/-
5 Bushels & 24 lbs Wheat at Market price of yesterday

Sugar 6d. Wheat per B 6d. Meat 4d – Tea 3/6
Wheat with C Boydell. January 1833. Bs. [Bushels] lbs
Jany Recd. 864 lbs Wheat – 864 lbs. 14 [bushels] 24 [lbs] –
do 1063. 17 [bushels] 43 [lbs] –
24. – [ditto] 2122 35 [bushels] 22 [lbs] –
Smith commenced threshing 4 [bushels] 38 [lbs]
[Total:] 72 [bushels] 7 [lbs]

980. 16 [bushels] 20 [lbs]
1267 21 [bushels] 7 [lbs]
Feby 10th 2326
[February total:] 4609
Deduct for 28 Bags 3 lbs ea – 84
[Total:] 4525 [In pencil: 75 bushels 25 lbs]

4 Bushels & 38 lbs deducted for Curry & added above – 70 [bushels] 47 [lbs] –
108 [bushels] 14 [lbs].

Total to the account of Corey – 126 [bushels] 14 lbs
Smith – 54 [bushels] 7 [lbs] –
Total threshed – 180 [bushels] 21 [lbs].

Mr Blackburne [indecipherable] 105 – net 87
Mr Glennie – 120
Mr Brown Pandora

[Table of stock numbers:]
Date. May 1833.
Cows. 45,
Heifers, 10
Bs. 20
[blank] 13.
Calves 6 M. 10 Fe
[Total:] 104
Deduct 20

To Self 6 Bullocks
To Messrs McKen[zie] 4 do
To Mr Bedwell 1 do
To Townshend 8
One Steer died – 20

[Page 79]

[The left-hand page of this spread is a two-column list of Aboriginal words and their English equivalent, continued from page 80. The left-hand column is transcribed, followed by the right-hand column. Some words are difficult to decipher and may not be correct as transcribed. Where spelling is uncertain or two or more spellings seem possible, words are presented in square brackets, separated by commas if necessary, and followed by a question mark.]

Green Tree Snake, Bundy Fundy,
Jew Lizard, Gownccat
Brown Snake, Tamboo.
Bandicoot. Wallong.
Rat, Boodoo [Added in pencil, with markings indicating pronunciation:] Bodoo
Blow Fly, Tewit
Little Flie, Bbolog [Corrected in pencil:] Bbolo
Louse, Bootow [Bunfit, Bunyit?].
Flea, Came with Whites,
Itch, Gerrout. –
Fish – Godagee,
Eel, Corn,
Bird, Borat.
Duck. [Arinai, Urinai?], Gorocan
Quail, Gonammed,
Emu Widdagin,
Eagle, Goul, Bragee,
Wanga Wanga – [Wandaby, Wandaly?]
Pigeon – [Bublamay, Bublamuy?]
Little Ant Moke,
Big Ant, [Kianitant?]
Black Ant, [Caieg, Caiig?]
Grass. Tugar. Moroc. Wirroc Below
Ground. Boree –
Plain Narowik
Yam Goaway – [Added in pencil:] Cocaby
Sky. Morocow where that [run, sun?] about [moon, morn?]
Parrot, Brat Timbou
Cockatoo. [Garraby, Garraly?]
Native Dog Mirree Dingo
Little Middee
Big Tugal
Gourd Murrook
Miserable Bingo [?]

Spear, Mobuc.
Waddy, Gorrah. Gudder
Shield, Correil –
Boomaring, Barragon – Comebak
Womaa [woomera?], Yaggree –
Net – Colai
Opossum. [Garrit, Yarrit?] –
Braid, Tilloynonamotrow [?]
Come on
Go away. Cuttai
Come here. Dauguba –
Give it to Barreir – Moker
To me Mottow Moccow
Take it away. [Mauna gook, Mauna yook?].
Run Goobalea.
Make haste [Woorai widelia, Worrai widelia?]
Picanninny Boorai –
Little fellow [Mittepack, Mittepark?]
Long fellow Gooarra
I want to hear news Dauguba (Guorokee News)
I know you [Boriangabee naggee, Boriaugabee naggee?]
Name you [Nannabang, Nannabay?]
Exchange Nokelog [?] Baely Bag
Kill [indecipherable] dead [duriella daddy, durielea daddy?]
Baal hear him Wodee
hear him Nottany Noriellobo
Sick Erakee
Well Marumbow
Strong Korook
Weak Bodook
To cut Corduc
Pull. Gorook Mandy
Go up Cullwaa
Sleep Narbow
Wake Tugee, pipee

[In pencil at the top of the right-hand page:] Carolus Puervall

Jany 25th 1833, Sent down 2 drays with Sundries for Sale. viz. consigned to Captn Biddulph
4165 lbs Wheat 69½ Bushels.
Tobacco. 7 Kegs 6 Kegs 579 lbs gross.
Tobacco Stems. 2 Bales. 335 lbs. Gross –
Suet 2 kegs – 105 lbs Gross.
Valued by myself. £50/0/-

[Some pencil sketches of faces in profile.]

[Note in pencil:] Carlos Puervall Carlos Puervall Go away Cuttai

28. Sent to Glennies. 1 Keg of Tobacco 94. gr –

Wake me tomorrow morning Combakin Barianga, Geralma
Get up Giral Tomorow combagin
Very early. Gorargabo –
Jackass – [Goameduc, Goamedui, Goamedur?].
Catch him. Marila –
Yes – Yea, No Girar –
Games Kindouket
More, Kora
Plenty Kittee
Look Durimel (Barianga belonging to me)
I like it Naramiriatta Gura
Beat [?] Bungil
Where put it Wanda Wonee, there Gaudy

Feby, 10th, The 3 or 4 last days have been the hottest in my recollection. I never experienced anything like them the corn looks almost ruined, the Tobacco minds it but little, I have been busied with that Weed for the last three Weeks, & have a splendid Crop, Dairy Stable & Barn are given up to it, tonight it is thundering and lightning but dreadfully hot I bathed after Luncheon and most pleasant found it, finished threshing for the present, Wheat brings so low a price, Settled with Curry this Evening. At Maitland last Week, at Jno Webbers last Sunday his crop of Tobacco fine but not so good as I had at first expected, his corn is fine Stubble Excepted

[Page 80]

January, About the Sixth ate at Captain Pikes abundance of ripe grapes; Black & White Cluster, Sweet water and Burgundy all very good.

At Merton plenty of melons, returned home with Alfred Glennie & found everything in excellent order particularly the Tobacco – Maize also looking very well, Fine feeds of fruit from Townshends garden

22nd. Commenced Tobacco cutting very fine & with the assistance of the Blacks got on most prosperously. We have had lately nice refreshing Showers which keep the immediate crops growing, but the Rivers are low, & the Water holes and Lagoons nearly empty, Perhaps Two days last week were the hottest ever experienced by me. A most violent Thunderstorm broke up the heat

The melons this year are capital so are the pears Indeed so is almost all the fruit owing no doubt to the little moisture, & great heat, The abundance of fruit at John Webbers & Townshends exceeds belief: The Sweet Water grapes at the latters are loaded to excess: He never trains them but lets them grow upon the ground like gooseberry Bushes

The Pastures are excellent, Everything at present is thriving, reced excellent accounts of my last years wool averaged nearly Two Shillings.

Am manuring some middling sort of Land for wheat, rather a new System in NS.W. but I wonder not more adopted for Settlers are obliged to clear different places of manure &c & once in ading a few yards make little difference, I shall try the experiment at any rate & have no doubt of its answering. This a very fine season for Sheep mine are mud fat; I began this page wishing to fill it up with no materials & take to myself no small credit for having done so –

[The right-hand page of this spread is a two-column list of Aboriginal words and their English equivalent. The left-hand column is transcribed, followed by the right-hand column. Some words are difficult to decipher and may not be correct as transcribed. Where spelling is uncertain or two or more spellings seem possible, words are presented in square brackets, separated by commas if necessary, and followed by a question mark.]

January 21st 1833. New South Wales. Aboriginal Vocabulary
Collected from Jacky. King of Pandagoo
Sun, Dogun
Moon. [Guog, Guoy?]
Star, Merid
Rain Douy
Hail, Wallady, Wallan
Thunder. Mallow,
Lightning, Wirrabit
Wind. Gerraria,
Tree. Kurrak, Waddy.
Leaf, Yillee
Bush. Colo –
River, Widdoc –
Creek [Monnal, Neonnal, Neouual?]
Little Brush [Burrog, Borrog?] –
Water, Atuc – Bardeau,
Mountain, Bulgra.
Little hill, Mittee –
Rocky hill Wallambuc.
Stone Willa (Gibba
Kangaroo, [Wamboiit, Wambout?]
Kangaroo rat, Dallouwee
Opossum – Willa –
Squirrel Biddlewag
Wallaroo, [indecipherable] Naree –
Old man do [ditto] – [Wirraid, Wirraod?]
Old Woom, [Airrai, Nirrai?]
Wallaby. Bidgud.
Paddy Melon Balbog,
Lagoon Buddee –
White Fellow. [Gerumballar, Gerumbalear?]
Bl. Fellow – Coree
B. Gin – Kin –

Head, Cobbora, Walluc.
Hair, [Thingar, Tingar?] –
Forehead Gombill –
Eye. [Miccac, Miceac?] –
Nose Muroo.
Mouth, Corogar
Teeth. Terac,
Tongue, Dallad
Cheek Carlo –
Ear – Oriac – Mocco
Neck, Wotow.
Shoulder, Morar
Arm Noruc
Below Ebow, Gaggit –
Hand Muddera, [Bee, Bu?]
Finger Muddera
Breast Narbuc –
Forequarter. Moroo –
Belly, Bindee –
Waist Winnall
Leg. darah.
Knee, Boccombol.
Calf, Gharrey
Ancle, [Dinga, Diuga?] – Wangriac
Foot, Dinner,
Toe, Koraick Nail. Bailgan
Lizard, Moccuc,
Guana. [Gerrawaa, Gerruwaa?]
Black Snake – Goung quoit
Red Snake – Buccal.
Diamond Snake, [Snigit, Srugit?]
Deaf Adder, Dumbaidoc

[List continued on page 79.]

[Page 81]

Octr. Have made up all my tobacco, which turns out infinitely short of what I had expected. Planted about 3 acres of Corn & have got about 14 acres of ground in most excellent order, for Tobacco or whatnot, Wheat looks well & I have tobacco plants fit for planting. The Season has been favorable for most thinks, The fruit, Trees promise well
Much annoyed just now from the want of a little Cash. What to do ignorant. trust to providence –

Nov. Harvest commenced 15th. Good crop 10 acres of Tobacco planted out and growing Corn looking pretty well received from home a Box 45 letters in it and lots of good things enticing determine to go home in Two years economy till then to be the order of the day. 29th Checque to Dr Evans £4.0.0 stg

Decr. 1st. Bought 48 Sheep from Mr Bucknell for Forty Pounds payable by 2 Bills £20 each. 1 due 6 mths after date 18 mths do.

Wheat Harvest finished Tobacco looking well & corn considering the Season which has been the driest since my residence in New South Wales; The Distemper amongst the Horses. a sort of Strangles has again made its appearance I have this day bled & blistered two for it, In one it but commenced in the other a Bush Colt it assumed rather an uncomfortable progress. The Glands of the throat are frightfully swollen & the nostrils emit a nasty discharge, of course difficulty of breathing ensues. The Country has for the last 10 days been in one blaze there is scarcely a sufficiency for the Stock to Subsist on & really our case will be by no means enviable unless rain speedily comes.

I am highly delighted with my Sheep purchase of this day The original Sheep were imported from the Merino Flocks of Mr Western [indecipherable] for length of Staple & hardiness of constitution are not surpassed.

In the course of last month received from home a Box contg [containing] several most useful & entertaining things & amongst the number 45 letters not all to me but from different people in the neighbourhood to my sisters &c. This is by far the most pleasant way of receiving news & I [thoroughly] recommend the Practice for my part I never was so much delighted. Altogether I am happy & contented in the idea of leaving pro tempore this Colony in two years & once more seeing those I left behind me –

Mr Bucknels Sheep. Purchased by me
£36 – 12 I fancy pure Bred 2 [indecipherable] mk. U
[£]5 – 5. ½ bred do – all sorts of marks.
[£]9 – 12. Maiden Ewes + [cross] bred no mark
[£]12 12 Lambs – Marked by myself. 1 ear U
[£]14 7 Fine Rams

Decr. 18th. Recd from Mr McLeod a chest of drawers & Washing Stand; Sent him 800 ft Cedar, 25 Kangaroo Skins 93 lbs Gr of Tobacco,
Wm English £2.10. Checque in Bank of Australia, on account of Curry threshing last year; Left home for the Upper District intending to spend Xmas day at Merton but from circumstances turned back with the Glennies and spent it at Scotts. pleasantly, afterwards with the Glennies visited Merton, & by myself, Colonel Dumareqs [Dumaresq], & T Little took a trip to the Doctor’s farm which for Scenery is perhaps the most beautiful to be fancied a North Aspect command an infinite Mountain scene, on the right a high grotesquely shaped mountain whilst on the left a detached rock (called Salisbury Crag) seeming as tho every minute about to fall poised in air forms a most picturesque object. The foreground a spacious & finely wooded flat sets the whole off to the greatest advantage, He has a most comfortable sensible stone cottage nearly finished about twenty miles distant from Liverpool plains, and nine from his Brothers –

[Page 82]

[Continued from page 83.]

Commence any Action or Actions , Suit or Suits, as well real as personal, or seized in any Court of Law or Equity for the recovery of any Sum or Sums of Money Right title Matter or interest Property, matter or thing whatsoever, now due or payable or to become due or payable by any means or on any account whatsoever. And the Same Action or Actions Suit or Suits, to prosecute and follow, or discontinue and become Nonsuit therein if the Said CD– shall see Cause
And Also for him the said AB and in his name to [like?] & take such other lawful ways and means for recovering receiving and obtaining any such Sum or Sums of money or other things whatsoever, which is, are, shall or may be by the said CD– thought to be due owing belonging or payable to the said AB– by any Person or Persons whomsoever. And Also [Insertion from the right-hand page:] to appoint any Attorney or Attornies, Solicitor or Solicitors at Law or in Equity and to give and seize any Warrant or Warrants, to prosecute and defend in the premises aforesaid or any of them as occasion may require, either in the name of the Said AB or of the Said CD– And Also generally to do all and every or any Acts, Deeds, Matters or Things whatsoever, in or about the Estate property or affairs of him the said AB as amply & effectually to all intents and purposes as he the said AB could do or have done in his own proper person if these presents had not been made, he the said AB – hereby ratifying and confirming and promising and agreeing at all or any time or times to allow ratify and confirm all and whatsoever the said CD shall lawfully in or about the premises by Virtue hereof. In Witness whereof the said Charles AB. doth hath hereunto Set his Hand & Seal the [blank] day of [blank] in the Year of our Lord [blank]
Signed, Sealed, & delivered by the Said A.B. (Seal)
in the presence of
D G – Notary
E F.
(3 Witnesses required)

Sent one home
Signed J P Webber
P Manley
George McKenzie
and notified by Mr Norton of Sydney Sent him in October 1832

Above a Copy of a Power of Attorney Sent from England for my Execution, (Augt 1832) C Boydell,

It must be signed before three Witnesses one of whom must be a otary or Magistrate, who must notify to the same –

[Page 83]

Septr. [indecipherable] 1832. Some time has now elapsed since the continuation of my journal during which I have visited Sydney. had bad & good news, got into difficulties & got out of them again, reced a Power of Attorney from home to sign for my father as to all my legacies & particularly authorising him to take possession of the money left me by my mother which I considered I had had some time ago in payment of my bill
Such kindness I did not expect, However now set upon the right road I trust I shall stick to it & convince them the Cash is not quite thrown away

My Tobacco beds are in a forward state, about six acres are planted (sown) in drills for the Crop as an experiment, My Wheat looks well. but is rather yellowed by the late rain of which we have had an immense quantity, but wonderful to Say the rivers have never been up, Nor have we been prevented travelling consequently, Roads are horrid, Mr Cox dined with me yesterday, I bought his Gig from him & two Sets of Harness for twenty five Pounds bill at Six Months from Septr 1st intend to make my money by adding Value to my Horses -
Corn & Melons to be planted next week. have been Stumping tremendous work, Shingling Kitchen & Dairy. Townshend has gone to Sydney, to buy the Section of land behind me.

I am fonder of Home than ever & can work with Spirit
Garden in Good order. Orchard pretty well stocked.
19. [indecipherable]
Septr. Find [indecipherable]

To All to whom these Presents shall come AB– late of the – in the County of Denbigh but now residing –

Sendeth Greeting Whereas the said AB. being likely to reside in foreign parts for some time hath requested CB– of the – to take upon himself the case of his estate and property and to act for him in his affairs during his absence which CD. hath consented to do.

Now therefore Know ye that the said AB hath deputed constituted and appointed and by these presents doth make depute constitute and appoint the said CD – his true & lawful Attorney to act in conduct and manage his affairs being or happening within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland during his absence, And for that purpose doth by these Presents authorise and empower him the said CD. to ask demand recover and receive of & from all and every the Person & persons to whom it doth shall or may belong to pay the same All and every the Legacies gifts and bequests which heretofore may have been or at any time hereafter during the absence of the said AB by any person or persons whomsoever, or otherwise become due or payable to him on any account whatsoever, and upon receipt thereof or of any part thereof, for & in the name of him the said AB or of him the said CD– or otherwise as the case may require to make sign execute and deliver such Receipts Rebates or other discharges acquittances or acknowledgements for the same respectively as he the said attorney CD shall think fit or be advised. And also for him the said AB– and in his name to appear and in his person to represent in all or any Court or Courts. And before all or any Magistrates or Officers of or in Law or Equity whatsoever as by the said CD– shall be thought advisable or as he shall think fit, And also for him the said AB– and in his name or for or in the name of the said AB or otherwise to

[Continued on page 82.]

[Page 84]

[Page of accounts. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

1832 Thomas Woodlock in account with Mr, Charles Boydell –
£ S D
June 1st. To. 14 lbs Flour, 5½ lbs Beef. 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea 4 oz Tobacco – 7/7
8. To 8 lbs Pork, 14 lbs flour, - 7/-
15th To 10 lbs Mutton 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea. 4 oz Tobacco – 6/1
22. To 7 lbs Beef, 14 lbs Flour, 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea – 7/4
29. To 14 lbs Flour, 3lbs Pork, 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea. 4 oz Tobacco 7/3
July. 5th To 14 lbs flour. 4 lb Pork, 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea, 3½ lbs Beef. 8/2
12, To 10 lbs Beef, 2 lbs Sugar. – 4 oz Tea. 4 oz Tobacco – 6/1
19. To 14 lbs Flour, 8 lbs Beef, 2 lbs Sugar 4 oz Tea 4 oz Tobacco 8/5
26. To 3½ lbs Beef, 1 lb Sugar, 2 oz Tea – 2/2
Augt 3. To 14 lbs flour, 7 lbs Beef, 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea, 4 oz Tobacco 8/1
10 To 8 lbs Beef. 14 lbs flour 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea. 4 oz Tobacco – 8/5
17. To 14 lbs Flour, 7 lbs beef, 2 lbs Sugar. 4 oz Tea – 7/4
24th. To this time Man. 19 days – 1/8/6
To a Bottle of Rum – 5/-
26th. To 7. lbs Beef 2/4
Septr 1. 7 lbs Beef. 5 lbs clean flour, 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea. 4 oz Tobacco 5/11
To Man. 3 days – 4/6
8th. To 9½ lbs Beef 14 lbs Flour, 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea 8/2
4 oz Tobacco 7 lbs Beef – 3/1
To Man – 3. days 4/6
15. To 14 lbs flour, 7 lbs Beef, 2 lbs Sugar 4 oz Tea 7/4
4 oz Tobacco – 9
22. To 7 lbs flour, 14 lbs Beef, 2 lbs Sugar, 4. Tea 4 Tobacco. 8/5
1 fine Blue jacket. 2 pr Trowsers. 2 White Shirts. 1 Waistcoat 10/ - 3/10/-
29 To 8 lbs Beef. 14 lbs flour 2 lbs Sugar. 4 oz Tea. 2 oz Tobacco 8 oz Soap, 2 oz Tobacco 8/8
Octr. 7. 7 lbs flour 8 lbs beef 2 lb Sugar 4 oz Tea 4 oz Tobacco 6/11
13. 14 lbs flour 10 lbs Beef 2 lb Sugar 4 oz Tea 8/4
4 oz Tobacco 9
[Total:] £13/7/4

1832. £. S. D.
Oct 20. To 14 lbs flour 10 lbs Beef. 2 lbs Sugar 4 oz Tea 1. Bottle Rum 4 oz Tobacco. 14/1
27. 14 lbs flour 7 lbs Beef. 1 lb Sugar, 2 oz Tobacco – 6/2½
Nov. 3. 10 lb Beef 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea, 4. lb Beef – 6/8
10. 2 lbs Sugar 4 oz Tea, 2 oz Tobacco – 2/4½
17 7 lbs Beef. 7 lbs flour 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea. 4 oz Tobacco 1 day man 8/1
27 A man 2 days, 7 lbs flour 4 lbs Beef 2 lbs Sugar 4 oz Tea 9/8
Decr 1st To 4 lbs Beef, 4 oz Tobacco. 2/1
2 3. Cash – 1/4/0
2. To 7 lbs flour, 4 lbs Beef, 2 oz Tobacco 6 lbs Beef 6/3
9. 7 lbs flour, 5 lbs Beef, 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea, 4 oz Tobacco 5/11
16 7 lbs flour, 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea, 4 – Tobacco. 4/3
1 lb Sugar, 2 oz Tobacco, 4 lbs beef – 2/3
31. 14 lbs flour, 7 lbs Beef 2 lbs Sugar Ό tea, 5½ Beef 9/2
2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea, 4 oz Tobacco – 2/9
Jany 5th. To 7 lbs flour, 5 lbs Beef, 1 lb Sugar, 2 oz Tea, 4 oz Tobacco 4/11
7 lbs flour, 2 oz Tobacco, 1/11
12, 14 lbs flour, 4 lbs Sugar, 8 oz Tea, 4 oz Tobacco 7/9
19. 7 lbs flour 6 lbs Beef, 4 oz Tobacco, 2 lbs Sugar 5/3
4 oz Tea, 1 Bottle of Rum – 6/-
1 pr Shoes, 1 Axe, 2 pr Male rings, [indecipherable] axe. 18/-
To Cash – 11/-
Wood 4 days – 6/-
26. 7 lbs flour 7 lbs Beef, 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea 5/10
4 oz Tobacco, 1 file – 1/9
2. To 7 lbs flour, 7 lbs Beef, 2 lbs Sugar 4 oz Tea 4. Tobacco 6/7
9 7 lbs flour, 4 lbs Sugar. 4 oz Tea 4 oz Tobacco 7 lbs beef 7/7

 [Addition, part in pencil:]
5/13/ 2/8
[Subtotal:] 22/13/ Ό
To 1700 Shingles at 14 [indecipherable] per 1000 1/5/- 1/5/-
[Total:] 23./18/ Ό

[Subtract:] 23/18/-

[Page 85]

April 18th For the last ten days have been absent from home spent between Maitland and Newcastle, on the sixteenth I attended a sale & purchased 27 head of Cattle for £19. 16s. 0d which I gave my bill for payable 3 mths after date due

19th July, 1 Cow & calf I sold to Capt Anley for a pound 1 Heifer I killed on coming home, The weight 530 lbs. had 60 lbs of inside Fat,
530 lbs Beef at 1½, £3. 2 6
60 lbs Fat at 8d – 2 0 0
Hide – 7 6.
[Total:] 5. 10 –

Five more I have in the lot that will average more, so that the rest are given me, besides being well paid for my trouble, The first good Bargain I have made, 15 Kegs of Tobacco are under prep & nearly full, [Calculation. Not transcribed. See original for details.]
Hired Old Currey again to thresh out my wheat at 8d per Bushel
Sold 2 Kegs of Tobacco to Mr Pringle at 2s/ – to be delivered in about two or three months, half agreed to purchase all a Poor Settlers tobacco at 9d per lb to be paid for in Six mths. Great man me – Met at Maitland Mr Ogilvie & Frederic, Townshend & great many more

Had one of the most horrid journeys with the Cattle I purchased I ever experienced, They would not cross the River, & some of them bolted, repeatedly the rain was dreadful, about two hours after dark arrived at Mr Adairs & very fortunate I was for the river rose immediately & I could not have +ed [crossed] in the morning the rain ceased & the day turned out extremely fine, [at] home at 2 &

[Pencil drawings of men on this page.]

25th. Recd from Deans & Long 515 lbs Tobacco leaf at 9d per pound to be paid for by a Bill at Six months from the 20th instant, & purchased all their Maize at 2s/ per Bushel

Two of the Bullocks from Maitland work well.

May, went up to Ogilvies early in the month & returned on the 14th 17

17th, Recd from Deans & Long 215 Bushels of Maize on account & a sore job the measuring of it was five Drays & did not get home until long after Dark found John Webber at Townshends who came home with me & staid the night,

18th. Rode to Parks & saw the Wedge press which is certainly a great improvement upon the lever in every way being infinitely more handy & effective – Weighed fourteen Kegs of Tobacco for tomorrow sending away.Gr. 1190. 168. deducted for Kegs leaving, 1022. Nett, Wrote with it to Mr Puddefoot

June 17th Wheat all in, & above ground, Recd from Long & Deans, 274 Bushels of Maize, Settled as per account Bill to Deans £24. 0 0 odd, payable October 23rd.
Gave a Bill st 3 mth payable to Richd Jones (June 13th 1832
Sold, 30 Bushels of Maize, to Mr Adiar for 2/6d per Bushel,
Sold Park five Bushels, more of wheat, Mustered VS Cattle, Total increase here, 15, 6 heifers, nine Males, branded VS 6 Males, 4 Females, for myself 3 Males, 2 Females

20th. Branded three more heifers, 1, B. 2 W,
Cows & heifers 23
Bullocks & Steers 18.
[indecipherable] Male 6. Female 6
Total 53

[Page 86]

Feby 19th 12th inst Mr McLeods Sawyers commenced work cutting Cedar &c, their Govt Work to be 550 Cedar per week, 350 ft hardwood, anything over I am to pay them at the regular rate –

13 & 14th. famous for very heavy rain I was frightened and set to work cutting my Tobacco most manfully, but however the flood did not rise high enough to do any serious damage, this day have got housed about 30 Bushels of Corn, and pretty good it is everything considered, The Blacks did the business for me, this day received back an Application for some informality, & also an authority from Mr Campbell as Mrs Frankland’s agent, –

Began to day to plough some New Land for wheat got the ensuing season, The Wheat I sent down sold for 5/ per Bushel, things generally going on well about 45 loads of Green Tobacco housed, a great deal more on the field, Wrote to James Webber and to John Allman
Have had my Bay Colt in the Stable about 3 weeks & he certainly promises remarkably well, rather Shy –

March 27th A Long time has elapsed since I have mentioned anything and many things of more than usual consequence have elapsed. 12th inst attended a sale of Cattle at Maitland the property of the late Mr Eth Scott They sold well Bull averaging Bullocks. Cows, Calves & more than 25/. Staid at Captn Allmans for two days returned home and was visited by William Ogilvie, no sooner than he had arrived than the rain commenced in good Earnest. This makes the tenth day and affords very little prospect of cleaning up. the Rivers have been twice up. the last time such a Flood has not been known for 14 years

It must have done an immensity of damage. Not much in this immediate neighbourhood, The first Fresh nabbed me nicely the River had risen in the night and the milkers were on the other side, with two men I swam the River and having got the Cattle collected and two nearly drowned, were obliged to give up the attempt. The next business was to get ourselves over. The River had risen [indecipherable] 8 feet, I jumped in and when about 1/3d across was swept down as if I had been a log of wood, & with much difficulty regained the Bank. Fool like I again attempted with no better sucess: There we were three naked Creatures without a hut to get shelter in less than 3 miles distant, I thought my tender feet would never carry me over the rough Hills, but however nothing being left but to try we started and much easier than I anticipated reached Parks Farm where clothes Shelter & Provisions were to be had: The River subsided in the Evening and the next morning we again made a start homewards. crossed the River & arrived about ten o clock after having performed one of the most near approaches to Penance that could be: Had it not been for my companion & Townshends I should have been very dull but it has passed off much better than cd be expected.

My Two Free men turned restive, Moore refused to go out in the rain, & Flood, would not work at all So I discharged them; & a happy riddance, I believe, the Dairy Partnership will be dissolved much to my joy. For I have plenty to do without it, & Four hands will effect a considerable saving in these hard times. A good deal of my Corn has been injured, & a quantity of Tobacco. Ten Sheep have died Six Mrs Fs four of my own. 1 Cow & 1 Steer have also departed this life, one from violence

[Page 87]

1832 AD
1832 Jany 21st Returned home after a weeks absence principally spent in visiting Walker Scott at his Island, situated about 7 miles from NewCastle named by Govr [?] Ash Island, He has about six acres of the most beautiful Tobacco a person could desire to see, The ground is of the richest description of Brush, The first day we occupied ourselves in drawing a Seine which unfortunately none of our party understood consequently the produce was small

It was a beautiful moon light night and scene at Sunset defies description, The moon just shewing herself on the opposite Shore above the trees & reflected over the calm & still sheet of water the Splashing of numberless fish, the inexhaustible stillness & Romance, beautiful wildness of the scene caused feelings almost superhuman, That delightful satisfaction & as it were peaceful slumbering of all the grosser senses of the man gave a pleasure which to be imagined must be felt – Such a scene I think would give peace for the time to the most unhappy; We were busied whilst contemplating the Surrounding beautiful Scene, in planning a perfect Elysium, In the first a beautiful Oriental Palace, [indecipherable] filled with Ottomans the most costly & luxurious, flowers of the most exquisite scent, & Females the most ladylike & charming; Such things would attach us too Strongly to this world, nor Should we have reason to wish for a [indecipherable]

This morning at daylight left Captn Allmans breakfasted at Webbers, graped at Loxdales, dined at Corys Peached at Townshends drank Tea at home, The day has been the hottest ever experienced by me, A very heavy Thunder shower fell upon Townshends Farm, but left me unwatered, My Tobacco is doing remarkable well my Corn middling The men have stolen most of my melons

Saw the Captn of the Jessie and have agreed to send down 50 Bushels of wheat for the Steam boat, One of the Cows nd [named] Plum Pudding has met with a serious hurt in the belly which seems to give her much pain, whether the effect of accident or ill treatment from one of the men I am not yet satisfied, Bought from Blackburn a new Saddle & bridle of best description, price of Saddle £6, 6.
Must send some wheat to Corys mill next week –

Jany 22nd Gave McKenzie a Bill of thirty pound Stg due on the 1st of August next, for 90 Sheep with the proviso that should there be less 7s/ per head for each deficient is to be deducted Should there be more, 7s/ per head to be added, All Lambs sucking their Mothers not to be counted –

[Note: some pencil additions to the following.]

Feby, Busied Carting in Haying less. Suckering & topping Tobacco, Nothing else; 29th ulto [ultimo] Sent to Sydney 50 Bushels of wheat, 1 Keg of excellent Butter Went over to McKenzies; The grass Country certainly is fine to a degree, but I would on no account exchange After Passing a Sleepless night owing to at least 10000 Fleas, biting & nipping in all parts of my poor doomed Carcase at once I mounted my Horse & bade adieu to Craig Darrocks without much regret, intending to be at home by about 1 oclock at latest Rode until four and then found myself at McKies further from home than then I started, I was most hospitably received at [and] arrived at home by 11. the next morning & really thought that no place I had seen was like home; My Tobacco is turning out well, & the Season agrees with me, Have got my young horse in the stable and this day de tailed him which operation he did not at all like, I was obliged to throw him & all sorts of tricks were played by the Monkey. Christened him Taffy which my groom by no means admires as a name being too vulgar by far, however I had my way

[Page 88]

Novr, 18th Sent off Two Kegs of Butter to Sydney
1st Gr wgt [Gross weight] 90 lbs, Tare. 14 – Nett 76.
2nd Gr wgt 64 lbs, Tare, 12. Nett, 32
Total of Butter sent to Sydney – 128 –

Decr, I have now the chief part of an excellent crop of wheat reaped & housed, about 15 acres of Tobacco growing, & 10 acres of Maize, Everything is going on pretty well, Bought from Webber, seven of Gibbes fat Bullocks at £3. 13s. 0d. per head giving a Bill at six months with 10 per Cent Interest amounting altogether to £27. 11. 3 St. [Sterling] due the third day of June
another Bill of £18. 10. 0 due, 18th of February next –

The Season on the whole has been dry. The Crops, wheat are generally light but the Grain of very fine description, Early Maize is scarce; Townshend & I have come to a determination to Send no more Butter to Sydney during the low price but to Salt it down & keep it for Sydney. How such a plan will answer there is a considerable doubt, but I think it is worth trying; The 14th. Started for my half yearly visit to my old friends on the Hunter at 9 oclock – arrived at Glendon where I experienced the [worst?] heavy hail storm that I ever in my life witnessed without any exageration as large as pullet eggs
arrived at Glennies the same night & slept there The next morning Alfred accompanied me to Capt Allmans Visited the Ogilvies Pikes, Littles McIntyres & after spending a jolly Christmas at Ogilvies in the night time rode down to Glennies with the Two Glennies the Country being generally on fire gave us light Enough to discern the road, Particularly from Grassy Tree Hill to Salt Water Creek the scene for that distance was grand beyond description, almost every tree on fire more or less, some of them a mass of flame to the Summit, whilst others more beautiful still shot forth vivid flames from the hollows abounding in them, We remarked that the Fairys must be holding a Gala day there for such brilliancy could never have been for nothing, for some time one might fancy he himself an inhabitant of another & a bitter world, until emerging from the light hits almost total darkness one might fancy the other extreme,

Some time before daylight arrived at Dulwich & went to bed until ten oclock, by which time had we started by daylight we might have arrived, made a pretty strong resolve that nothing but desperate obligation shall make me deviate travel in the night season again for nothing is to be gained by it whilst we lose the most comfortable of all things a nights sleep: The Haggard countenances of the party for the whole day inclined me to think that my resolve shewed wisdom. Upon my arrival at home – found things upon the whole pretty well Tobacco thriving beyond my expectations but the Dairy badly off from want of Grass. Butter being of great Value in Sydney sent down what we had ab. 330 lbs.

January 1832, has begun pretty well Crops looking well busied in attending to the Tobacco Crop which begins now to want topping &c, burning off Paddock. Building another Shed to house it; Two Bills due one on the 18th February, The other the 4th day of June,

10th, Most delightful rain has refreshed the Country most wonderfully: Vegetation is now more rapid than I ever remember it, Forward Maize will be scarce but the late has now a Capital Chance –

[Page 89]

[Tables and details of stock numbers. Information transcribed here. For layout see image.]

Account of the different Cattle in my charge
4th October. 1831 –

Brand F – 27 Cows; 13 Heifers; – Bullocks; 16 Steers; Last yrs Calves: 9 Male, 6 Female; Total 71 –
Brand Q – 9 Cows; 4 Heifers; 2 Bullocks; 8 Steers; Last yrs calves: 6 Male, – Female’ Total 29 –
Brand WS – Total 37-
[Total:] 36 Cows; 17 Heifers; 2 Bullocks; 24 Steers; Last yrs Calves: 15 Male, 6 Female; Total 137 –

Brand F – 30 Cows; 16 Heifers; 10 Bullocks; 15 Steers; Last yrs Calves: 9 Male, 10 Female; Total 90 –
Brand Q – 19 Cows; 3 Heifers; 6 Bullocks; 10 Steers; Last yrs Calves: 1 Male, 6 Female; Total 36 –

Octr, A Polly red & white Steer Brd. F died from consumption too rotten when found to Skin Yg Strawberry

Total number of Sheep. Octr 19th 1831 in Flock 556
In paddock about 26
1831 582

Feby 1832. Mustered E Cattle all right increase total, 28 – Males 13. Females 15.
Branded E males 9. Females 10. leaving an odd male un my favor to be remembered next year –
G Cattle increase 9: 7 Females 2 Males,
Brd. G 1 Male 6 Females, leaving an odd one there too.

March. Died Cow, Plum Pudding and Strawberry’s last Steer Both hides rotted immediately.

10 Sheep died
6 Mrs Fs
4 CBs

[Right-hand page. Continued from page 90]

came in to tell me last Saturday night that he had seen two Bushrangers and if I would give him a Pistol he would capture them, after Some deliberation I gave him one, & was not a little alarmed the [next?] day at his non appearance, However just at night he came with two men after a fatiguing walk having lost themselves. A Black fellow as my deputy I myself stood or rather walked constable to Townshends where I gave them up, they offered no resistance and seemed glad to be taken, Yesterday morning cut & counted my Lambs. 60, Ewes and 70 Males, Total –

November 1st 1831 Have shorn & sent the wool to Sydney of my young Sheep & Wethers, upwards of 500 lbs –
Have nearly 9 acres of Tobacco planted most of which is growing & looking well my Corn is mostly Hilled & cleaned, & my Wheat very well, Have been over to Glendon where I assisted a little at Shearing, The Allmans Past by to their upper Farm, The Country is looking remarkably well, The season is most Flattering & Things in general are doing very well. Some time ago I exchanged with McKenzie a pair of Working Bks [Bullocks] for a small Mare which has turned out a most excellent Creature, Alfred Glennie did me the real pleasure of being my Guest for a fortnight Week, which we spent together pretty pleasantly, Dairy does well The first Butter fetched 14d per lb. The next 10d – The last sent down I know not what

Nov 16th Upwards of 12 acres of Tobacco planted out & growing
Drew a Bill in favor of Townshend for £18 dated 15th due in Three mths. 18th March, paid Dr Evans £4. 4s by order on Mr Puddefoot People are complaining of their Tobacco plants going off mine are doing well preparing for harvest which will commence with me in Ten days at furthest and a fine Crop I have got, last week at Maitland mightily hot, Most People have sheared their Sheep my last tomorrow Harrah my Boys

[Page 90]

Septr. 13th, The latter end of August brought me back again to my Farm where things with the exception of Tobacco had gone on well, on the 4th of this month set out with the Two young Allmans & N Powell on an expedition to Port McQuarrie After getting to Tullegarrie one of the Company’s Stations the Rain was so heavy & there being every appearance of its continuance that we thought it better to return than take the chance of being caught between two Rivers & perhaps starving, arrived at my farm about the 9th, where every man nearly was sick & things in a deplorable state, The Dray [arrived] bringing all my Sydney purchases, safely, Planted the Potatoes & Fruit trees, which I brought from Sydney, and last Monday commenced Planting corn
Sent my dray down with wheat to be ground The wheat looks exceedingly well, we have lately had most delightful Showers, which have caused everything to flourish,

Septr 30th Townshend & myself have entered into a dairy Partnership which I prognosticate will mutually advantage,
Yesterday morning a Cow calved and was running away with her offspring I endeavoured to stop her she gave two overthrows & one to herself, I got considerably bruised & stiffened McK Wheat looks well, Grubs are very troublesome to the Tobacco, Rain heavy has been for the last 3 days a slight fresh in the River, McKenzie staid with me last night, Bartered away Two Bullocks Star & Paddington a Dun coloured mare who vicious in the extreme, & spade & B. Yoke for a Trunk at Townshends: We now get 11 Buckets of milk per morning which ought to give a good return in Butter sent one Keg to Market, Gr. wgt 59 lbs Tare 11 lbs, Nett, 48 lbs at 2
£4. 16 –
Obliged to get from Townshend Twenty Bushels of Wheat, & a little Maize,

Octr, 5th. Returned yesterday from Glendon where had been for some Cattle, Recd. 2 Bullocks, 2 Cows 2 Calves 1 heifer, 1 Cow & Calf my property, Br [Branded] WS –

Octr. 5th For the last fortnight the Rain has been unceasing the Ground already saturated is overflowing, Everything wants fine weather, Grubs are dreadfully destructive whole beds of Tobacco Plants are cut off by these merciless Robbers. last Saturday night I tried an experiment which as yet has seemed to answer, I sprinkled a Bed with salt which I knew to be full of these animals 3 days after about forty were on the Top of the bed dead, this I place to account of the Salt, but intend ascertaining the fact, That Plants seem uninjured and the Discovery if it turns out as I now believe is important

In the middle of Saturday I attempted to catch fish They would not bite, A man from Jno Webbers came down in haste requiring my surgical care in a case where a Tree had fallen upon a man & crushed him severely I rode up on a smart Canter and found the poor fellow in great pain & groaning most piteously, with much difficulty I succeeded in bleeding him, which was as black as ink, recommended a warm Bath & returned home, I have not heard more therefore conclude that the man is doing well, Dairy going on pretty well, but the wet weather is a sad drawback, sent Ten Pounds of Tobacco to Mr Lawson as paymt for his medical attention, Rode the Mare got from McKenzie today & she really goes well, as to her vice I think it can be cured in a week,

19th, Long left my service on the 13th. 18th. Hired William Moore at the rate of £10. 0 0 per annum and Government ration, 19th Commenced in earnest planting out Tobacco, about 20 acres, Things going on pretty well Sent W English to Mr Penson’s for some Cattle that have there returned recd from Sydney 5 Gs Brandy [Fupped?] & 12 Frocks 12 Trowsers
Mr Bloomfield sent a White Mare to my horse with a fine Toss Foal by her side. Townshend came to Sydney by the last steam packet. My shepherd

[Continued on the right-hand side of page 89]

[Page 91]

[Page of accounts. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

Kelly Shingler, in account, Septr. 27th 1831 undertakes to Shingle my house for £3 0 0 stg

Rations allowed, at the following rate Flour, 3d/. Beef, 3d – Tea, 2s/ - Tobacco. 3s/. Sugar, 3d –
1831 £/S/D
Septr. 27 To 11 lbs Flour, 8 lbs Beef, 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea, 4 oz Tobacco. 6/10
Oct 1. To 4 oz Tobacco, 3 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea. 14 lbs Flour – 6/0
4th To 8 lbs Beef, 4 oz Tea, 7 lbs Flour, 4/3
7th 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea, 7 lbs Beef, 4 oz Tobacco – 4/4
To ½ lb Tobacco, 2 lbs Sugar – 2/4
[Total:] 1/3/9
Shingling Hammer, Gimblet – 2/3
[Total:] £1/6/0

To shingling House, – £3/0s/0d
Balance due to Kelly – 1/14/0
Paid on account – 1/-/-
do 14/0
October 15th 1831. Received the above
P Kelly

[Page 92]

[Page of accounts, some written in pencil. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

From Augt 24th 1831 – D Dairyman
[Faint notation in above line:] 24th Sept
Christopher Flood Dairyman in account with Charles Boydell –
1831 £/S/D
Septr, Cash in Sydney – 3/1/0
13 To 1 Large Blanket – 10/-
To 1 Ch Shirt, 1 White Shirt – 4½ yds Bed Ticking 14/9
24th, To 2Ύ yds Bed Tick, 2 yds Calico, 2 Sks [skeins] thread 4/9
To 2 Sks Black Silk, 2 lbs Sugar, ½ lb Tea – 3/6
To ½ lb Tobacco –
Octr 15th By cash to Jones for you Mr Townshend 4/0
30th. Ό lb Tobacco. ½ lb Soap – 6
Nov. 12th To ½ lb Tobacco –
To 1 pr Boots – 12/0
To mending 2 do 5/0
To 3 lbs [indecipherable] Tea at 3/- – 9/-
To 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea, ½ lb Tea, 1 lb Sugar, 4 oz Tea 4/6
4 oz Tea. 1 lb Sugar, ½ lb Tea, 3 lbs Sugar 4/3
Bottle of Grog from Mr T – 4/6
Mending Two pr of Shoes – 1/4

Balance in Sydney, £45/0/0
21 Kegs – 1800 [indecipherable] at 1/- 90/0/0
[Total:] 135/0/0

80 –
40 –
20 –
14 –
24 –
14 –
15 –
[Total:] 207 –

[Page 93]

July 17th, Six of my Tobacco beds already shew Plants which I suppose are about the first in the Country
People all crazy about Tobacco nothing less than 20 acres will satisfy the least sanguine, Monitor Hall has proved that that 500 acres with each a crop of 1500 lbs will not more than satisfy our Population which will give 750,000 lbs, Our population does not exceed 40,000, for the Sake of Argument we will allow Ύths of that number to use 10 lbs each per annum which will give 300000 lbs leaving the enormous quantity of 450000 lbs to be dried for medicinal purposes or [whatnot] for my part I do not understand his calculation, but have not seen the form in which it brought forward, I believe it is pretty plausible,

[Monitor Hall: Edward Smith Hall (1786-1860), known as Monitor Hall, was, among other things, the publisher of the newspaper the Sydney Monitor (1828-1838).]

Within the last 2 months very remarkable things have taken place Economy in real earnest, no more grants to be given all sold at 5s/ per acre very easy to say so, The Governor has lost his Generals pay, & is no longer allowed a private secretary, McLeay is docked 500 & his assistant un officed, Comptroller of Customs 300, Corporation done away with, Land board do [ditto] Dock yard Superior with Collector of Internal revenue do. Surveyor of Minerals do. All which offices no one will repine for the loss of except the Ex officers, The Cost of Governing this Colony was enormous the retrenchment is by no means premature; The abolition of Grants of Land is the only part of the new regulation that I should feel the least inclination to abuse, ’Tis but right that our Sydney officials should know themselves & throw away those lately assumed airs which one month before their appointment they had no notion it would ever be in their power to play off.

My Dray returned from Maitland with Tea Sugar & Slops new-rigged the whole of my men, It did my heart good to see them look so tidy, Burning off, Ploughing &c &c.

July 26th 23 Have been over to Ratygan [Rattagan] McLeods for Leather and called at A Bells & Scotts, with Mr James Adair, Putting up some small styes and a garden Fence, have begun forming a garden in Earnest, which am laying out of course most tastefully, Purpose starting for Sydney in a few days where I have business of some importance to perform, Have received letters from home with encouraging news, Townshends other poor man died yesterday morning, Wrote last thing to Mr Evans to ascertain at how much per annum he will give me the Benefit of his professional advice but have received no answer,

24th Sunday, Got up at ½ past, 8 oclock Went to the stable and pulled a Horses mane, Got breakfast, Went & pointed out trees to be transplanted & where Shaved myself, read prayers. Bled a mare with a pen knife, Rode to Townshends, & to the Big Flat to point out a fencing line Came home & dined, took samples from different sheep, visited the Blacks, visited by McKenzie drunk Tea & then wrote this – Tomorrow (Please Goodness) start for Sydney

Sugar. 124 lbs Gross
Tea – 42 lb do.
Beef 750. –

[Continued on page 90]

[Page 94]

Sold to Captain Anley my Chesnut horse for £20 15. Bought from Webber Gibbes brown Colt for £18 – Bill at 6 mth from 10th inst. Bought from Townshend Young Stride Colt 18 mth old out of my old Mare for £16. 10s, Bill at 12 mth from about the 20th.

Townshend started for Sydney on Monday last – have got about 17 acres sown high time rather late this season am harrowing the whole in. Weather hitherto has been mild no very severe Frost – The Magistrates are making a great rout now about special Constables, Every Settler who has more than 12 men must make one of them a Constable, I can’t myself see much good in this regulation, For an overseer had as much power before,

June, 8th, To this date, 22 acres wheat Sown, Another Fresh which is now subsiding has again thrown back wheat sowing
At Maitland got 4 days which as usual passed pleasantly Mr Bloomfield came up home with [me] on the 3d & after Passing one day I accompanied him to the Wms River to see a farm of his Father in Laws. formerly the property of a Mr Anley [Ferdinand Anley] The first night we got to Mr McKies where we were each entertained & stayed the night during which it rained incessantly In the morning after breakfast Mr M was kind enough to accompany us to the Farm in question which the rain prevented us from more than merely seeing. It rained much the whole day & we by some mistake missed our way & were driven down to Corys, where we found the River unfordable. Mr B got over in a Punt & Park & Self begged quarters at Corys which we occupied for that & the following night when the Flood having abated with the assistance of a boat having to get home in safety yesterday, where things were tolerable

Docked Two young horses today & Rode over to Townshends to see if my mill could be mended; got a no one of the greatest nuisances is to be without a mill, on a Farm. I dont know what I shall do –

1st July In the mean time have finished sowing my wheat & got my old Tobacco ground turned up and [indecipherable] fresh in a great state of forwardness Have already sown Tobacco seed which has not yet made its appearance, Things generally speaking going on well, though
Lambing about 110 young Lambs, have been in the upper District which by no means looked so well as usual

Slept 2 nights at Ogilvies; Recd from H Scott to keep in thirds a lot of Cattle the following are the numbers of each; No, 9 M, 13 F. 24 M 25 M, 32 F, 8 M, 10 F 16 F 34 M. 41 M. 1 F- 6 F 28 F, 33 F 29 F 48 F. 35 F 31 F, 20 F, Blotched) 11 F. 23 F. 17 M. 5 F. 46 F. 47 M, 30 F. 36 F. 42 M, 27 M, 39 F, 40 F. 44 M, 43 M [Some items ticked.]
I forgot to make a Memorandum of the above Numbers, a Heifer being left behind lame – and six more to be received at another time –

17th. Things have gone on pretty well. I spent five very pleasant days at Maitland during which time went to take a view of the Steam Packet The first vessel of the sort that has paddled the Waters of Australia, she certainly is a fine packet and dos her work cleverly. [I] came up with McKenzie & found Hartly & McLean my place who did me the honor for three nights Park & Adair for two in which time we paid a visit to P Webber who staid with me last night, I returned yesterday from escorting Mr Pringle down as far as Old Webbers where I staid for a night received two letters from home introductions for a Mr Woodward and a most pleasing paragraph in answer to a request of mine for a loan of money Friends all well, Sent six Casks of Tobacco – per Abeona Consigned to Mr Puddifoot, wgt [Calculation follows:]
[Total:] 511
lose 72
[Total:] 439 lbs at 1/9d – [£]38 8 3

[The Abeona was one of the small schooners working the NSW coast commercially in the 1830s. Source: Manning Valley Historical Society.]

[Page 95]

[Continued from page 96. This page includes some sketches of faces in profile.]

a manner soften his fierce manners, Nothing like collision for rubbing off rough corners, whilst more solid advantage may sometimes be attained such as opportunities of disposing of sundry articles &c. &c, Farm has gone on pretty well preparing [Hoeing?] stuff making up Tobacco, & Ploughing with 2 Teams which actually by their getting on so well does me good to think of, have not heard in any way from home. Q am I forgotten, I dont think so.

[Items in the following list separated by – for ease of reading:]
List of Men
E E English
Date of Arrival – Name – Ship
January 1826 – Wm English good – Phenix [Phoenix] –
[January 1826] – D. OHara Very good – Phenix – £15. 0s. 0d stg per [indecipherable]
Decr. 1829. – Jno. Diarman mid – Sarah
[Decr. 1829.] – Jno. Edmonds mid – Sarah
[Decr. 1829.] – Chas Edwards mid – Sarah
[Decr. 1829.] – Wm Jones good – Sarah
[Decr. 1829.] – Benjn. Edwards Bad – Sarah
October – 1820 – Jno Stapleton good – North –
Septr – 1830 – Tho Rose variable – Marquis of Huntly, [indecipherable]
Decr. 1830. – Wm, Thomson vabl – Royal Admiral,
January 1831 – Alexander Lobban good – Burrell.
March 1831 – Philip Burton bad – York
April 1831. – Daniel Theobald good – Lady Harewood

May 1st. Sunday For the Two last days but more particularly last night we have had some of the heaviest rain I have witnessed since being in the Colony so much so so the the Flood this day is excessive, over every particle of my garden, Such a day as this a Settler feels what it is to be alone and the horror of a Solitary call in some out of the way jail may be well imagined. My hut not being waterproof has been in common with myself continually wet whilst everything else presents a most dirty & uncomfortable appearance. All my late Tobacco is under water as well as Potatoes beans &c, Every little dirty insignificant gully is setting up for a River with two or three waterfalls which joined with the Roaring of the real river make a most inconceivable noise, so much so that when it is night just approaching night I can liken my hut to nothing else but a ship in stormy & cold weather, At twelve oclock completely sickened of my own company so passing a Blanket over my shoulders in form of a mantle I mounted a strong little horse & nor was it long before I found myself at Townshends, whose garden was under water in a great measure But I do not [think] his river was [as] high as mine. slept there and in the morning of the 2nd Arose & to my great delight found that there was a good prospect of a fine day Came over to my own place The waters had abated & nothing save the Tobacco materially injured ½ an hours work put the Garden right & the day with the exception of a few showers has passed off pretty well.

7th. Fine weather has reappeared, Floods have abated Rivers again to be Passed, Putting in wheat the business of the Day Drew in the last of my Tobacco and high time for the Two last nights have been all but Frosty, Riding a young Colt across the River got one of the most regular [Somarsets? somersaults?] that I ever experienced, myself & horse under water. Engaged with a Free man to put up Fencing at 10d per rod all stuff provided Very busy Shedding my Tobacco presses have Seven Kegs under doing uncommonly well, Rain injured a good deal of mine, One of my men went to the Hospital today within my opinion very little the matter with him

25th, Slight Fresh in the River occasioned by very heavy rain which has also much delayed the sowing of wheat, last Monday had Two men at Court for Stealing wheat out of the Barn. 50 lashes each

[Page 96]

Jany 1st. 1831, Saturday, Another year has gone by & left me for one I fear not much better in condition than it found me
With choice of all professions who but myself would have selected a Settler’s life; Have bartered the Comforts & luxuries of a home for either going between the Plough handles heaving the Hoe or some other delightful occupation with about 5 acres of Tobacco 400 Bs [bushels] of wheat, 6 acres of Corn 600 Sheep 70 or 80 Cattle, & 2 Horses. I begin this year encumbered with difficulties not very trifling, yet full of Hope and confident of Success
Sheep Shorn, Harvest reaped, & pound;2000 0s 0d Stg

Feby 18th, January has passed by & so much of this month In which time many things have taken place which should have been noted down by me. Twice I have been at Maitland once to meet the Governor whom I saw. 8 days I have spent in the upper district of Hunter River have cut some tobacco & planted good deal Built a Tobacco shed, & cleared some Ground for wheat which I fear I shall be unable to plough, this day began planting Potatoes & yesterday planted 10 Plants of Tobacco as an experiment, Have had rain nearly every day which is most predjudicial to everything, & this day have hired a Tobacconist (A Long) for one year at the rate of £25.0.0 Stg. per annum

An agreement entered into this Eighteenth day of February 1831. Between Mr Boydell of Paterson River and Andrew Long whereby the said Mr B agrees to hire A Long to twelve months and to pay him wages to the amount of twenty five pounds sterling Allow him his rations, In consideration of which A Long hereby engages to serve the said Mr. Boydell for that term and to do what he may be required.
Charles Boydell –
Andrew Long
Witness to the signatures J Edmonds
March 2nd. Finished planting Potatoes last week – mightily busied with my Tobacco which comes on mightily well except the latter crop which after flourishing exceedingly for some [time] has been in a great measure blighted occasioned I should presume by an extremely hot sun following immediately after a Shower whereby the plants got boiled which their appearance much indicated, Corn looking well every where but there is not much of it in the County. Sale of Luskintyre having been advertised for the first of March On that day I attended but it had been put off. However, came in at the lag end of Geggin’s sale where everything was disposed of at low rates, 3 steers for 2/6d each Sheep 3/6. Lambs /10d, and wheat very low, went on to Glendon where passed a most splendid evening with a large party. agreed to give Daniel OHara wages at the rate of £15. 0s. 0d Stg per annum until he is Free – things altogether in a thriving way –

5th. Saturday night Altogether the Week has passed well tho not much done during it, Been attempting to clean out part of the Stockyard, Irocating [irrigating] Tobacco & chipping the Ground for a second Crop – which was mightily foul, Cattle & everything doing well, and not giving much trouble – One rainy day, with which exception I never witnessed a finer week.

April 27, More than a Month has elapsed since I opening this Book. & I may say altogether to my satisfaction having in that time paid Mr A B Sparks bill of £40 and Townshend 10 cwt Tobacco with 74 Bs Wheat
Busy pl have had much visiting 2 Pic nic’s Messrs Scot & Allman where plenty of fun & every thing that was good was going on Such things can do no harm whilst they enliven the monotony of a Settlers life; and in in

[Continued on page 95]

[Page 97]

[On this page is a poem which has been written in ink over early drafts in pencil. There are also some sketches of faces in profile and some monetary calculations. Only the poem is transcribed; see the image for other details.]

Since happy He. who void of care
Just as our forefathers were
Afar from Cities Noise & Strife
Enjoys the bliss of Rural life

Whom Trumpets clang does not excite
Whom stormy seas do ken affright
Nor hateful polities intrude
To spoil delightful Solitude

But buried midst his Farm & Trees
Ruid Nature’s bounty daily sees
Who joys to view the bud expand
Inserted by his careful hand

No fruit so sweet as that which he
Plucks from his own hand grafted Tree
How pleased from off his Vine to rape
The luscious juicy purple grape –

How grateful on the matted grass
Reclined to hear the streamlet pass,
Which murmuring through its rough bed flows
Inviting slumber as it goes –

Or in some sweet sequestered Spot
Near to a natural rocky grot –
Or sheltered by some old oak Trees
To hear the Warblers Harmony –

How Sweet to see this distant herd,
Cropping the rich luxuriant sward,
In Valleys – where the hills around
Reverberate the lowing sound

To hear & see the fleecy charge
As in the pasture they enlarge
The Shepherds pastoral pipes to hear,
The Trusty Sheep Dog snoring near

What sight so grateful as the Sun
When he his daily course has run –
Just set behind the grassy hill
His Fulgent rays reflected still –

To hear the wearied Oxen low
Dragging behind th’ inverted plough
To hear the ploughman whistling blithe
And mower bringing home his scythe.

Such delights as these would prove
Antidotes for jealous love
Here the lover might forget
The Cruelties with which he met

I dont know that in my life I have met with a more attractive sight [than] this evening in the setting Sun, I was sitting on a log, after a most extremely hot day enjoying the refreshment of a Cool breeze, The Sun just behind the trees which in part hiding his fulgency served to make the remainder appear more brilliant The Sheep and Cattle just returning home the Oxen [indecipherable] The Harvesters flail and more than all very quiet just having risen from reading some most romantic tale put me in that posture of thought that I was inclined to believe myself a bard in some of the delightful Countries so beautifully described by poets – George Mackenzie

[Page 98]

[Page of accounts. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

1831 Francis Heffernan. Fencer in acct with Charles Boydell –
May 8th. To 14 lb Beef – 4 lbs Sugar – 4 oz Tea. 8 qts wheat [tick] [cost unclear – see image.]
By Burton, 9 lbs Beef, 8 qts wheat, 2 oz Tobacco [tick] 4/10½
14 To 22 lbs Beef, 16 qts wheat, Sugar 6 lbs – 13/4
To 8 oz Tea, 8 oz Tobacco. 3/-
To be divided – 13/5Ύ
21. To 6 lbs Beef. 3 lbs Sugar 4 oz Tea, 8 qts Wheat [tick] 5/9½
25th. 6 lbs Beef, (Sunday) 6 lbs Sugar – [tick] 5/-
28. To 12 lbs Beef. 3 lbs Sugar. 2 oz Tea, 8 qts Wheat – [tick] 7/4½
30th. To 4 lb Mutton, [tick] 1/4
June, 3. To 4½ lbs Mutton, 2 lbs Sugar. 1 oz Tea, 9th 6 lbs Flour, 4 lbs Mutton [tick] 5/0
9th. 2 lb Sugar, 2 oz Tea, 6 lbs Flour, [tick] 2/4½
16. To 10 lbs Beef, 12 lbs Flour, 3 lbs Sugar 2 oz Tea [tick] 7/2½
To ½ lb Tobacco – 19. 6 lbs Flour, 6 lbs beef 23. 4 lbs Flour [tick] – 5/2
½ of above – 15/4½
To 30 lbs of Tobacco at 2s/- – 3/-/-
[Total:] 5./14/7½

To 55, Rods of Fencing a 2s/9d – £7./11s./3d –
To 44 Rods do do at 10 – £1/16/8 –
2/ 9./7/11
To 1 Week’s work – 1/0/0
- 2/14/7½
[Difference:] 2/19/3½

July 19th 1831. recd, the above in Tobacco
Francis Heffernan – X his mark

Witness W Thompson

[Page 99]

[Page of accounts. Parts rewritten in ink over pencil. In general, only items in ink are transcribed. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

1831. Andrew Long in acct –
April 18th. ½ lb Sugar, 1 oz Tea. 20th. ½ lb Sugar 1 oz Tea. –
23. 1½ lb Sugar. 3 oz Tea, (25th,) 2 lbs Sugar, 3 oz Tea 1 qt Wheat,
To 1 Pea Jacket – 12/6
To 1 pr of Blue Trowsers & 1 Ch Shirt, 12/0
1 Silk handkerchief 1 Waistcoat (from Sydney) 11/-
Jul 27th 1 small Blanket, – 7/-
Augt 7th 1 pair Duck Trowsers – 3/6
To 1 lb Tobacco – 2/0
1 pr half Boots – 10/-
By paymnt to Dr. Evans – 4/4/6

Oct 18th. By ½ lb Tea 3 lbs Sugar, Ό lb Tobacco – 2/6
1 White Cotton Shirt, 5/- 5/-
To 15 lbs Salt – 3/9
By Bligh – 2 lbs Tobacco
15th To 9 lbs Beef, – 2/3
To 8 Bs wheat for Ryan – at 5s/- – 2/0/0
To order in favor of do [ditto] – 1/0/8
To do in favor of Deynes
30 lbs flour – 4/-
To 10 Bs wheat at 5/s. – 2/10/0
To 10 days ploughing at 15/ per day 7/10/-
Cash to Bligh 1/5/0
To wheat from Townshend & Salt,
4 lb Sugar, Ό Tea, Ό Tobacco 7 lbs flour 3/5

C Boydell CB C Boydell

By six mths wages at £25 per annum £12/10/0
[Difference:] £5/8/-

William Moore on acct
1831 [In pencil:] C Boydell 1831
Nov. 2 To 1 Shirt. 1 pr Trowsers –
14. To ½ lb Tobacco


5 Linen Shirts –
9. Cotton do –
2 Colored do –
1 Black Ribbon –
4. Light Jackets. 1 pr of Drawers –
8. do Waistcoats 1. pr Braces.
8 do Trousers. 1. Breeches.
1 Pillow Case.
2 Coats. 2 Jackets, 5 Cloth Trowsers
13 Blankets, 3 pr of Sheets, 7. Pillows, 5 Cases –
4. Mattrasses, 1 Long Pillow, 1 Piece Dowlas. 1. P. Calico

C Boydell

[Dowlas is a plain, coarse linen or cotton cloth.]

[Page 100]

[Page of accounts. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

1831. Wm. Currey in account with Charles Boydell

8½. per Bushel

Febry –
20th, To 3 oz Tea 1½ lbs Sugar, 3 lbs Beef, 8 qts Wheat – 3/11
24. To 2 oz Tea, 1½ lbs Sugar, 25th ½ lb Soap – 2/0
26 – To 3 lbs Mutton – 27th, 4 lbs Mutton – 2/4
28 To 3 oz Tea, 2 lbs Sugar – 1/8
March, 2. To 4 lbs Mutton – Beef – 1/4
5 To Ό lb Tea, 2 lbs Sugar, 8 qts Wheat – 3/4½
12 To 8 qts Wheat, 7 lbs Beef, 2 lbs Sugar 2 oz Tea – 5/3Ό
19. To 8 qts. wheat, 1 lb Sugar, 2 oz Tea, 8 oz Soap – 3/-
23. To 1 lb Sugar 2 oz Tea, 8 qts Wheat 3 lbs Beef – 4/1½
April, 2. To 2 lbs Sugar, 4 oz Tea 8 qts wheat, 10 lbs Mutton – 6/8½
5th, To 4 lbs Beef 9th 3 lbs Beef, 2 lbs Sugar 4 oz Tea, 8 qts Wheat – 6/4½
13th, 3 lbs Beef 16th. 2 lbs Sugar, 2 0z Tea 8 qts Wheat – 4/7
23d 2 lbs Sugar 2 oz Tea 8 qts Wheat 4 oz Soap – 3/3
25th 1 lb Sugar, 28th, 2 lbs Sugar 5 lbs beef – 3/2
May 7. To Ό lb Tea, 2 lbs Sugar, 5 lbs Beef. 3/6½
8th, To 8 qts wheat 10th 8 qts wheat, 7 lbs Beef, 5/4
13th To 4 lbs Beef 14th 1 lb Sugar, 21st, 1 lb Sugar – 2/4
23, 7 lbs Beef 2 lb Sugar 2 oz Tea Ό lb Soap – 4/-
28 To 1 Peck wheat 2 lbs Sugar 2 oz Tea, 4 lbs Meat – 4/3
June 3. To 1 lb Sugar 2 oz Tea, 3 lbs Meat, 4 lbs Mutton – 3/4
9th To 6 lbs Flour – 14. 2 lbs Sugar, 1 oz Tea – 2/2½
15th To 12 lbs Flour, 2 lbs Beef. 21. 3 lbs Sugar, 6 oz Tea 5/5
21. To 12 lbs flour. 4 lbs Beef. – 27. 1 lb Sugar 2 oz Tea 4/3
27 To 5 lbs Beef – 1/8
July 3. To 12 lbs flour 5 lbs Beef. 3/8
4. To 3 lb Beef. (9th) 12 lbs flour. 8 lbs Beef ½ lb Soap 5/2
13 To 1 lb Sugar 2 oz Tea 7 lbs Beef 12 lbs flour – 5/2
Cash – 4/-

Wheat. per B – 6 - [indecipherable]
Meat per lb – 4
Tea – 3/6
Sugar – 6

Wheat per Bushel. Threshing (8½d)

[List of harvest quantities. Bushels, pounds and ounces separated by a space. See original for details.]

Feb. 21. – Recd from Barn – 1 B. [Bushel] 1. P. [Pound]
24 – 2 2
28th – 3 2
March 5th – 6 –
[Total:] 12 1 at 8½ –
10 3B Bags – 30
8 3B Bags – 24
April, To Mr Townshends – 32 [B] 0 P 0 Oz
To Mr Townshend 42 0 0
Brought, into house - 8 0 0
[Total:] 148 1 –
24th – Received into Tobacco Shed – 13 –
May Mr Townshend – 26 –
23 At house from Barn – 6 –
June – 35 –
15 – 21 –
18 –
26 – 7

[Pencil notations not transcribed.]

1 pr Drawers
1 [ditto] Trousers
11 [indecipherable] Stockings.
2 Pillow Cases,
2 Table Cloths,
6 Sheets –
6 pr Socks –
7 Towels –
8 Collars
15 Light neck handkerchiefs –
8 Dark do –
3 pr [indecipherable] 1 pr of silk do.
8 Pocket do

[Page 101]

[Page of accounts. Some pencil notations, not all transcribed. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

1830 Account of Meat that Mr Park has had from me
Septr 17 20. 47 lbs by DanielGhost,
24th. 45 lbs by Daniel –
49. lbs by Newell –
42 lbs by Tiley –
Octr. 42½ lbs by Daniel –
12 73 lbs by Tiley –
[Subtotal:] 298½
17 72 ½ by Watson
28th 100. by Newell 1 quarter (hind)
[Subtotal:] 172½
[Total:] 471
[In pencil:] 30 by my man Daniel –

28th Arrived my Team from MaitLand [bringing?]
2 Casks of Salt, Books [indecipherable] from Mr Cs. Sale
5 Gs wine. 5 gs Rum, 6 prs socks. 8 yds. drill for Trousers
28 lbs Soap, 8 Ch Shirts, 8 Duck Trowsers –
& some nails. [Butter?]

[In pencil:] Boydell Charles Boydell

Killed a Cow of Mr Parks –
Served out permit – 42½ 75. Mr P
2 Weeks ration to my men 114 –
1 Weeks house – 36
[Total:] 265½

[Pencil notation; some indecipherable:]
Shoemakers tools [indecipherable]
4 Awls Pinchers Nippers & Hammers
3 Bits Wood [indecipherable] knife & Stone
3 Irons 1 Punch 4 Bits Sole leather

[Page 102]

August 14th 1830. Recd from James P Webber Esqr. Fifty two (52) head of horned Cattle branded F. as specified below to keep for the consideration of receiving one third of the Increase, and (25) Twenty five branded. Q on consideration of receiving Ό Total number (77) seventy seven –
Cattle List. F
[Table of cattle types, numbers, brands, etc. See image for details.]

1830. August 14th,
F:17 Cows, 10 Heifers, 9 Bullocks, 13 Steers, 3 Calves. Total 52
Q: 9 Cows, 4 Heifers, 2 Bullocks, 8 Steers, 2 Calves. Total 25
[Totals:] 26 Cows, 14 Heifers, 11 Bullocks, 21 Steers, 5 Calves. Total 77.
83 head.

20th Calved Old Judy.
A fine Cow without horns died –
Octr 20 Recd from Mr Webber 2 Cows brand w t I
2 Calves no Bran[d]
2 Bullocks –
April 23rd. a fine heifer Calf died.
belonging to Old Judy –

[Pencil sketches and notation at top and bottom of right-hand-page, some hard to read, part transcribed. See image for details.]

[indecipherable] Courts [indecipherable]
Q 9 Cows. 4 Heifers 2 Bullocks 8 Steers, 2 Calves 25
F 17 [Cows] 10 [Heifers] 9 [Bullocks] 13 [Steers] 3 [Calves] 52
[Total:] 26 [Cows] 14 [Heifers] 11 [Bullocks] 21 [Steers] 5. Calves

Augt 25th. Cut. & mustered my Lambs,
Ewe Brands. 56 –
Male do 34 –
Some still remained in Flock
1 died immediately on cutting, from taking too much of the Purse away –

Nov 1st, A Three Year old Cow branded F. died in Calving last night, I never in my life saw so large a calf dead also

[Notation in pencil:]

2 Cows with Calves – Boydell
2 yearlings
1 Heifer
1 Bull Calf brd [branded] W
1 Bullock W
1 do E S.

CB to [indecipherable]

[Page 103]

DR Collins & Dillon Fence[r]s in acct with Chas Boydell – Dr

1830 Brot forwd – £16/17/9½
May 4th To 10 lbs Beef; 6th 10 lbs Beef – 12 lbs flour – 16/2
8th, To 12 lbs flour, 4 lbs Sugar ½ lb Tea, – 10/0
12 lbs flour, 20½ lbs Beef – 16/5½
14th, To 6 lbs flour, 11 lbs Mutton 4 lbs Sugar ½ lb Tea 14/2
17. To 18 lbs flour. 11½ lb Mutton. 1 +cut [cross-cut] file – 14/11½
22 To 6 lbs flour, 9 lbs Mutton, 4 lbs Sugar 10/6
½ lb Tea – ½ lb Tobacco 5/0
26 To 18 lbs Flour, 13 lbs Mutton 14/4
29 To 12 lbs Flour 10 lbs Beef 4 lbs Sugar ½ lb Tea 1 lb Soap – 17/1
June; To 3½ lbs Meat, 5 lbs flour, 6 lbs Meal 7/5
5½ lbs Beef ½ lb tobacco 5/8½
5, 12 lbs Flour, 6 lbs Beef 4 lbs Sugar ½ lb Tea 13/6
6th, 5 lbs flour, 11 lbs Beef; 5 lbs Corn Meal – 9/4
(29 lbs Sugar) 12, 12 lbs flour, 3 lbs Mutton, 4 lbs Sugar 9/3
½ lb Tea; 1 Ch Shirt, Duck Trowsers 14/6
14 ½ lb Tobacco 12 lbs flour – 9 & 21 lbs Beef – 19/3
19 6 lbs Beef – 4 lbs Sugar, ½ lb Tea. 12 lbs flour – 13/6
23d. 12 lbs flour 11½ lbs Mutton – 11/2½
26. 8 lbs flour 13 lbs Beef 4 lbs Sugar Ό lb Tobacco – 14/10
29th 16 lbs Flour, 9 lbs Beef. ½ lb Tea – 13/9½
July 3d. 6 lbs Flour. 7 lbs beef Ό lb Tea, 2 lbs Sugar – 9/1
[Total:] £29/17/10
By Cash 8/0/0
[Total:] £37/17/10

By 2 Cows & Calves, Leopard & Heifer Calf Blind Eye & Male Calf – 8/8/0
To 4 Shirts at 6s/ – 4 pr Trowsers – 6/ – 2/8/0
To 1 Jacket 14/. 1 Duck Frock 4/2 – 18/2
[Total:] £49/12/0

To. 302½ rods of 4 railed Fence at 3/. 45/7/6
To 13 do at 3/8 – 2/5/6
To. 300 rails at 13/ – 1/19/0
[Total:] £49/12/0

[Pencil notations, some not transcribed; see image for details:]
[Total:] 238

Provisions &c 29/17/10
Balance due. £19/14/2

[Pencil notation:]
£49/12 Balance due Provison

July 3d 1830. Recd from Mr Chas Boydell the sum of nineteen Pounds fourteen shillings & two pence Balance due for fencing done upon his Farm; Cash £8.0.0. The rest in Cattle & Slops
John Collins X his mark
Witness to signature Alexr Park
Cash – £8/0/0
4 Shirts – 1/4/0
1 Jacket – 14/0
2 Trowsers – 12/0
2 Cows – 8/8/0
2 Trowsers – 12/
1 Frock 4/
[Total:] 19/10/0
1 Frock 4/2
[Total:] 19/14/2

[Page 104]

[Page of accounts. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See original for more detail.]

P. Flaher Fraher in acct. Dr. £/S/D
To 2 Ch Shirts – 10/-
To 1 pr halfboots – 12/-
Cash for hat – 7/0
April, To 9 yds Calico & 3 yds Parramatta Stuff 16/6
Cash to go down to the assizes 9/-
To. 2 Shirts – 1 pr half Boots. 1/2/0
1 pr of Shoes – 7/0
To. 7 yds of Stuff – 15/2
By order on Mr McLeod in favor of Philip Hughes – 20/0/0
A pair of Shoes – 9/0

[Pencil notations; not all transcribed:]

1600 lbs [at] 9d - £60/0/0
10 Wool Packs – 5/0/0
Craggs B 5 hides – 2/10/0
30 lbs Fat at 3d – 7/8
Hero Bows
Cragg’s Brother
Wild Duck

Gave in charge to Fraher, June 27th 1830 355 lbs beef
71 lbs Sugar
32 lb Tobacco
4 lbs Tea
To 16 ½ Bushels of wheat 6 & 12 – [indecipherable] – 25 Bushels –
7 – 10

To 12 mths at £40/0/0
By order on Mr Simpson’s Stores 4/9/10

[Written to the right of the above; possibly related line by line. See image for detail:]
23 Bushels 1831. 1830
Boydell 1830

To 12 mths wages – 40/0/0
Rs Goods & Cash – 23./7./8.
To. 3 Bullocks – 10./0/0
By order on Mr Simpson – 4. 0 0
To. 2 Bows. 1 ring bolt, & Chains

[Page 105]

[Left-hand page is a page of accounts. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. Right-hand page is a series of pencil sketches. See original for more detail.]

1830. John Collins & J Dillon, Fencers in acct with Charles Boydell.
Febry 13th [First entry struck out.]
16. To 3½ lbs Mutton 2/½, 6½ lbs flour, 3/6 – 5/6½
To 17½ lbs 10/- Mutton 10/2½ 16 lbs flour 8/8, ½ lb Soap 7½. ½ Tea 2/6. 1/12/0
20, To 9½ lbs Mutton 5/6½ 12 lbs flour 5/6, 3 lbs Sugar 2/3, Ό oz Tobacco 1/3 15/6½
24 To 4 lbs Sugar 3/, ½ lb Tea 2/6, 12 lbs Mutton 7/. 12/6
27 To 24 lbs flour 13/ 9 lbs Mutton 5/3 – 18/3
March 1 To 3 lbs Sugar 2/3. ½ lb Tea 2/6, Ό lb Tobacco 1/3 7 lbs M. 3/3 10 oz Soap 9. 12/0
7 To ½ lb Tea 2/6, Flour. 12. 6/6, 11½ lbs Mutton 6/8½, Ό lb Tobacco 15/8½
10 To 12 lbs flour 6/6 12 lbs Mutton 7/ 1 File 1/3 Tea ½ lb 2/6 17/3
To 10 lbs Mutton 5/10 12 lbs flour 6/6. – 12/4
13 To Ό Tobacco, 1 File, 17. 12 lbs flour Ό Tobacco 10/3
18. To 14½ lbs Mutton – 8/3½
20 To Ό Tobacco 1/3, ½ lb Tea 2/6, 4 lbs Sugar 3/ 7½ lbs Mutton 4/4½ 12 lbs flour – 17/7½
To 1 yd Bagging – 2/6
Omitted 4 lbs Sugar. 1 lb 3 oz Suet – 3/2
27th, 12 lbs Flour 7 lbs Mutton – 9/9
April 27. 12 lbs Flour 10 lbs Mutton, Ό Tobacco ½ lb Tea 14/1
4 lbs Sugar, 1 +cut [cross-cut] file – 4/6
31 12 lbs Flour & 9 lbs Mutton 9/9
April 3d. To 12 lbs flour 6 lbs Beef ½ lb Soap, 4 lbs Sugar ½ lb Tea, Ό lb of Tobacco – 15/4½
7 To 7 lbs Beef: 12 lbs flour – 8/7
10 To 12 lbs flour, 4 lbs Sugar, Ό Tobacco ½ lb Tea, 11/3
Omitted 10 oz Soap – 10d
14 12 lbs flour, 10½ lbs Mutton 10/7½
17 9 lbs Beef Ό lb Tobacco ½ lb Tea 4 lbs Sugar 12 lbs flour – 16/6
21. To 3 ½ lb Beef 22nd 12 lbs Mutton 12 lbs flour 13/6½
26. To 12 lbs flour ½ lb Tea 4 lbs Sugar Ό Tobacco 11/3
28 To 11 lbs Mutton – 31st 10½ lbs Mutton 12 lbs flour 17/0½
May 1. To 12 lbs flour, 4 lbs Sugar 5 oz Tobacco ½ lb Tea 11/7
[Total:] £16/17/9½

[Page 106]

[Inside back cover of journal. Pencil sketches and notes written sideways on the right-hand page. Pounds, shillings and pence amounts transcribed separated by /. See image for details.]

I have the honor to request that you will have the kindness to transfer to my service Wm Wms & Stephen [indecipherable]. Prisoners of the Crown sentenced for life who arrived in this Colony per Ship Countess Harcourt, 1828 & were late Servants assigned to Wm Carter Esqr from whose employ they were last week turned onto Government last week I beg to state that I am much from want of a Sufficiency of men I am unable to carry on properly the concerns of my Farm. to conduct my farming concerns.
I have the honor to remain
Your obed Servt
Char[les] Boydell

[Total:] 33/10/-
[Difference:] 31/9/-

Jones 5/-
Kelly 10
Theobald 1
[Total:] 16

[Note in the left-hand margin of the right-hand page:] Don. G. B. Champain. 14.9.38.

[Transcribed by Barbara Manchester for the State Library of New South Wales]